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2011 aids in africa master


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2011 aids in africa master

  1. 1. HIV/AIDS in Africa July 2011
  2. 2. Africa <ul><li>There are 1.1 bilion people living in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa has 836 million people </li></ul><ul><li>307 million people live in the USA </li></ul><ul><li>Africa is 3x the land mass size of the US and is made up of 53 different countries </li></ul><ul><li>The bottom half of Africa is considered “sub-Saharan” Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 10% of the world’s population, but carries 66% of the world’s people who are infected with HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Some countries in sub-Saharan Africa are in danger of disappearing – dying – due to the AIDS pandemic </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is HIV/AIDS ? <ul><li>Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in humans </li></ul><ul><li>A person can have HIV without having AIDS , but HIV will develop into AIDS over time without treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Infected people don’t die of AIDS , they die of AIDS related illness: Tuberculosis, malaria, influenza </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure for AIDS </li></ul>
  4. 5. How did it begin ? <ul><li>A descendent of SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus) found in west African chimpanzees </li></ul><ul><li>The virus jumped to humans in the 1940’s in Cameroon, West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>The most widely accepted theory is that it entered humans through hunting and eating monkeys </li></ul><ul><li>The oldest confirmed case of HIV was from the Leopoldville in the Congo </li></ul>
  5. 6. And then what happened ? <ul><li>Mass vaccination programs in the 1960’s reusing needles hundreds of times </li></ul><ul><li>Congo won independence in 1960 - the UN recruited Haitians professionals to rebuild the country - infected Haiti & area </li></ul><ul><li>1981 first recorded case on US soil </li></ul><ul><li>1986 Uganda had 17.8% infection rate </li></ul><ul><li>2000 Botswana had 37.5% infection rate </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Swaziland lead at 42% infection rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics vary depending on the source </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. AIDS pandemic <ul><li>There are 33.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the world - 2/3 of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>The average life expectancy in Africa is 47 years, but in Swaziland it is 29 </li></ul><ul><li>There are approximately 2.5 million children living with HIV today - 2.2 million of them in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009 2.6 million people were newly infected with HIV - 642,000 of them were children </li></ul>
  7. 8. Death <ul><li>On average 274 people die every hour of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa alone </li></ul><ul><li>That means 6,575 people every day </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005 2.8 million people died of AIDS globally - 290,000 of them were children </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009 1.3 million people died of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa (down from 2.1 million in 2006 due to ARV’s) </li></ul>
  8. 9. How do you contract HIV/AIDS? <ul><li>Unprotected sexual activity </li></ul><ul><li>There is no such thing as “safe sex” </li></ul><ul><li>Child birth </li></ul><ul><li>Body fluid/blood to blood transfer </li></ul><ul><li>You can not get it by sharing an apple </li></ul>
  9. 10. How do you NOT get it? <ul><li>A - Abstain </li></ul><ul><li>B - Be faithful </li></ul><ul><li>C - Condoms </li></ul>
  10. 11. How did it spread so fast? <ul><li>High risk life of long distance drivers </li></ul>
  11. 13. How did it spread so fast? <ul><li>2. Profitable mining practices </li></ul>
  12. 15. AIDS has a woman’s face <ul><li>On average there are 36 </li></ul><ul><li>young women living with </li></ul><ul><li>HIV for every 10 young </li></ul><ul><li>men in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>(ages 15-49). </li></ul>
  13. 16. Global perspective <ul><li>fastest spread of AIDS is in Russia and Ukraine through intervenes drug use </li></ul><ul><li>China has 1 million people infected with HIV/AIDS with limited public knowledge of the disease </li></ul><ul><li>India has 2.4 million infected people </li></ul><ul><li>US has 1 million people living with HIV with 43,000 infections in 2009 </li></ul>
  14. 17. Swaziland <ul><li>The population of Swaziland is 950,000 , down from 1.1 million in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Swaziland is the #1 AIDS infected country in the world where almost 1 out of 2 people (age 20-30) are infected with HIV/AIDS (46% prevalence rate) </li></ul><ul><li>Swaziland has 15,000+ orphan headed households </li></ul><ul><li>August 2004 70,000 orphans </li></ul><ul><li>October 2005 132,000 orphans in Swaziland </li></ul><ul><li>2010 200,000 orphans in Swaziland </li></ul><ul><li>2011 – estimated 500,000 OVC’s </li></ul><ul><li>120,000 orphans in 1 st and 2 nd grade alone </li></ul>
  15. 18. So what does it look like?
  16. 19. Extreme poverty
  17. 20. Children watch their parents die
  18. 21. <ul><li>Orphan </li></ul><ul><li>Headed </li></ul><ul><li>Households </li></ul>
  19. 22. Children living on the street
  20. 23. <ul><li>9+ year old girls </li></ul><ul><li>are in prostitution so they can eat </li></ul>
  21. 24. No Education <ul><li>Majority of Africans only have a grade 4 education </li></ul><ul><li>Orphan headed households can’t possibly afford school fees </li></ul><ul><li>Without education the spread of AIDS will continue to grow </li></ul><ul><li>75% of girls between the ages of 15-24 do not know that AIDS is sexually transmitted </li></ul><ul><li>50% of all new HIV infections in 2009 were with girls age 15-24 (2.7 million in Africa) </li></ul>
  22. 25. <ul><li>Children inhale </li></ul><ul><li>glue </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>to escape </li></ul>
  23. 26. No basic needs
  24. 27. Little access to fresh water
  25. 28. <ul><li>Adults and </li></ul><ul><li>children pick </li></ul><ul><li>through </li></ul><ul><li>garbage cans </li></ul><ul><li>to eat </li></ul><ul><li>and survive </li></ul>
  26. 29. <ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>live </li></ul><ul><li>alone </li></ul>
  27. 30. Children starve to death
  28. 31. Every 3 seconds a child dies of starvation/malnutrition <ul><li>= 30,000 children die every day </li></ul><ul><li>= 11 million children die every year </li></ul><ul><li>of hunger/malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Because there was no </li></ul><ul><li>one there to provide food for them. </li></ul>
  29. 32. The face of AIDS in Swaziland.
  30. 33. Cindi’s story
  31. 34. Tomorrow <ul><li>Look closer at the people around you </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their heart </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pray for Swaziland </li></ul><ul><li>Give thanks for all that the Lord has given you </li></ul><ul><li>Ask Him what He wants you to do next. </li></ul>
  32. 35.