Pelops was a king of Elian Pisa Peloponnesos. He was the founder of the houseof Atreus. He was a local hero of Olympia thought to be the mythical founder ofthe games.
The first Olympic Games for which we still have written records were held in 776BCE in Elias. At this Olympic Games, a naked runner, Coroebus (a cook from Elis),won the sole event at the Olympics, the stade - a run of approximately 192meters (210 yards). This made Coroebus the very first Olympic champion inhistory.
The Hellanodikai were the judges of the Ancient Olympic Games. It was theirresponsibility to enforce the rules of the games and continue the legacy andstandard of the games. For the first Olympics, there was only one Hellanodikaibut over time this changed and the number of Hellanodikai got up to twelve,with one senior Hellanodikai as an overseer.The Hellanodikai were handpicked by the people living in Elis, because it wastheir duty to run the games. As the judges and umpires of the games, theHellanodikai were also the general organisers and were supposed to police thegames. They had the honour of presenting the winners with the crowns andpalm branches to the winners.
Zeus was the most important of all the Olympic gods. He looked like an older,bearded man. His symbol or attributed was the thunderbolt which representedpower. His strengths were being highly powerful, strong, charming, andpersuasive.
The Ancient Olympic games were different to the modern Olympic Games asthere were much fewer events. The events in the Ancient Olympics were boxing,equestrian events including chariot racing and riding, running wrestling, thePrankation and the Pentathlon. The Pentathlon had five events which werediscus, javelin, running, jumping and wrestling.
The winners were presented with a simple olive wreath crown which also is thefact that the participants taking part were competing for themselves, and notany material rewards. The pride that the felt after winning an event wasoverwhelming.
The Ancient Olympic games ended in 393 AD by the Roman Emperor at the time,Theodosius. He put an end to the games as a bid to make Christianity as a statereligion. He thought ending the Olympics would help his campaign because theAncient Olympics were held in honour of Zeus. Zeus was not part of the Christianreligion and was part of another religion.