Treatment of Colon Cancer in India at the best hospitals of Mumbai and Chennai is being offered to the patients all across the world. Patients are provided with the facilities of being operated and treated by top senior cancer surgeons of India having plenty of experience and a successful profile for performing numerous numbers of successful surgeries. These facilities are being provided in all the major cities of India such as Mumbai and Chennai with all medically modern healthcare facilities. Treatment of Colon cancer in India is the best option for abroad patients who are looking for colon cancer surgery.
What is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is a common type of malignancy (cancer) in which there is uncontrolled growth of the cells that line the inside of the colon or rectum. Colon cancer is also called colorectal cancer. The colon is the part of the digestive system where the waste material is stored. The rectum is the end of the colon adjacent to the anus. Together, they form a long, muscular tube called the large intestine (also known as the large bowel). Tumor of the colon and rectum are growth that arises from the inner wall of the large intestine. Benign tumors of the large intestine are called polyps. Malignant tumors of the large intestine are called cancers. Benign polyps do not invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body. Benign polyps can be easily removed during colonoscopy and are not life-threatening. If benign polyps are not removed from the large intestine, they can become malignant (cancerous) over time. Most of the cancers of the large intestine are believed to have developed from polyps.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer
There and other symptoms that may be caused by colon cancer. Other conditions may cause the same symptoms. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems occur:
• A change in bowel habits.
• Blood (either bright red or very dark) in the stool.
• Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely.
• Stools that is narrower than usual.
• Frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness, or cramps.
• Weight loss for no known reason.
• Feeling very tired.
Treatment options for Colon Cancer
Three types of treatment are available for individuals with Colon cancer:
Surgery is an operation that involves removing the cancerous section of the colon. This is the primary treatment for colon cancer for most individuals.
Chemotherapy involves treatment with drugs that destroy fast-growing cells, like cancer cells. This treatment is given to persons with advanced cancers that have spread outside of the colon.
Radiation therapy is a specialized treatment using radiation to destroy rapidly growing cancer cells. This is usually reserved for treatment of rectal cancer and may be given before surgery, often in combination with chemotherapy. This treatment may shrink the tumor and improve the chances of avoiding a permanent colostomy in select persons.
Follow-up care post Colon Cancer treatment
Follow-up exams are important after treatment for Colon cancer. The cancer can recur near the original site or in a distant organ such as the liver or lung. Follow-up for Colon cancer include a physical examination by the doctor, blood tests of liver enzymes, chest x-rays, CAT scans of the abdomen and pelvis, colonoscopies, and blood CEA levels. Abnormal liver enzymes may indicate growth of liver metastasis. CEA levels may be elevated before surgery and become normal shortly after the cancer is removed. Slow rising of CEA level may indicate cancer recurrence. A CAT scan of the abdomen and pelvis can show tumor recurrence in the liver, pelvis, or other areas. Colonoscopy can show recurrence of polyps or cancer in the large intestine. In addition to checking for cancer recurrence, patients who have had Colon cancer may have an increased risk of cancer of the prostate, breast, and ovary. Therefore, follow-up exa