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A comprehensive service offered for the treatment of Bladder cancer in India at hospitals of Mumbai and Chennai including diagnostics, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The well established multidisciplinary team provides treatment for Bladder cancer in India with holistic care to the patient throughout their cancer journey. Indian Hospitals are committed to excellence and quality and has established an international reputation for offering the very best in private healthcare. The professional and highly skilled team of senior nurses provides a supportive environment for all patients receiving cancer surgery and all staff is qualified as cancer nursing practitioners with the necessary skills to ensure that patient’s treatment is administered safely.
What is Bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer is a disease that affects the bladder, an elastic organ that is responsible for storing urine that is released by the kidneys. It is the fifth most common type of cancer in the U.S. and when diagnosed in the early stages, it is highly treatable. There are several types of Bladder cancer, some being more common then others. The most common type of bladder cancer is urothelial carcinoma, accounting for about 90% of bladder cancer cases. The remaining types of bladder cancer are considered rare. They include squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, small cell carcinoma, leiomyosarcoma, lymphoma, and, melanoma.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
The most common symptoms of Bladder cancer include:
• Blood or blood clots in the urine (hematuria). Hematuria occurs in 80% to 90% of people who have Bladder cancer and is the most common symptom. Usually it is not painful.
• Pain during urination (dysuria).
• Urinating small amounts frequently.
• Frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Symptoms that may indicate more advanced Bladder cancer include:
• Pain in the lower back around the kidneys (flank pain).
• Swelling in the lower legs.
• A growth in the pelvis near the bladder (pelvic mass).
Other symptoms that may develop when Bladder cancer has spread include:
• Weight loss.
• Bone pain or pain in the rectal, anal, or pelvic area.
The symptoms of Bladder cancer may be similar to symptoms of other bladder conditions.
Treatment of Bladder cancer
Once Bladder cancer is confirmed and the type and stage have been identified, a treatment plan is developed. Treatment depends on the type and stage of Bladder cancer, as well as general health. Surgery is the most common type of treatment for Bladder cancer. Surgery can be as minor as removing small superficial tumors during a cystoscopy to surgery to remove the entire bladder (cystectomy). Surgery may be done alone or in conjunction with chemotherapy or radiation.
Chemotherapy may be recommended for both early and advanced stages of Bladder cancer, but they may be administered differently. Chemotherapy treatment for those with early stage bladder cancer is delivered directly into the bladder. This is called intravesical chemotherapy. More advanced cases of bladder cancer that have spread to beyond the bladder are treated by standard intravenous (IV) chemotherapy. This type of treatment uses certain type of high energy beams of radiation to shrink tumors or eliminate cancer cells.
Radiation therapy can be prescribed to treat the disease and also to ease symptoms caused by the Bladder cancer (palliative). This type of treatment uses certain type of high energy beams of radiation to shrink tumors or eliminate cancer cells. Radiation therapy works by damaging a cancer cell's DNA, making it unable to multiply. Although radiation therapy can damage nearby healthy cells, cancer cells are highly sensitive to radiation and typically die when treated. Healthy cells that are damaged during radiation are resilient and are often able to fully recover.
Post operative care for Bladder Cancer
Regular follow-up exams are very important after the treatment of B