Be the first to like this
Ovarian cancer surgery in India is available at recognized hospitals of Mumbai and Chennai. An ovarian cancer brings with it many questions and a need for clear, understandable answers. Having important information can make it easier for women and their families to handle the challenges that they can/will face. India is considered to be the best destination for the treatment of ovarian cancer. Patients from abroad had their Ovarian cancer surgery in India and now they are continuing there normal happy life. Indian oncologists are trained from US, UK and Japan and they understand the needs of the patients from abroad. Indian surgeons treat the patients with care and ensure that they are comfortable.
What is Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. Ovaries are reproductive glands found only in women. The ovaries produce eggs (ova) for reproduction. The eggs travel through the fallopian tubes into the uterus where the fertilized egg implants and develops into a fetus. The ovaries are also the main source of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. One ovary is located on each side of the uterus in the pelvis.
Types of Ovarian cancer
There are several different types of Ovarian cancer. Some of these include:
• Ovarian epithelial cancer: Ovarian epithelial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells form in the tissue covering the ovary.
• Ovarian germ cell cancer: Ovarian germ cell cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells form in the germ (egg) cells of the ovary. Germ cell cancer begins in the reproductive cells (egg or sperm) of the body. Ovarian germ cell cancer usually occurs in teenage girls or young women, and usually affects just one ovary.
• Low malignant potential ovarian cancer: Low malignant potential ovarian cancer is a disease in which precancerous cells (cells that may or that are likely to become cancerous) form in the tissue covering the ovary. Low malignant potential ovarian cancer seldom spreads beyond the ovary.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
Early ovarian cancer may not cause obvious symptoms. But, as the cancer grows, symptoms may include:
• Pressure or pain in the abdomen, pelvis, back, or legs
• A swollen or bloated abdomen
• Nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation, or diarrhea
• Feeling very tired all the time
Less common symptoms include:
• Shortness of breath
• Feeling the need to urinate often
• Unusual vaginal bleeding (heavy periods, or bleeding after menopause)
Treatment options for Ovarian cancer
In general, treatment options for Ovarian cancer can include:
• Surgery: The surgeon makes a long cut in the wall of the abdomen. This type of surgery is called a laparotomy. If ovarian cancer is found, the surgeon removes both ovaries and fallopian tubes, the uterus, the omentum (the thin, fatty pad of tissue that covers the intestines), nearby lymph nodes, samples of tissue from the pelvis and abdomen
• Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be given to: Destroy any cancerous cells that may remain, in the body after surgery, control tumor growth and relieve symptoms of the disease.
• Radiotherapy: Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) uses high-energy rays to kill Ovarian cancer cells. A large machine directs radiation at the body. Radiation therapy is rarely used in the initial treatment of ovarian cancer, but it may be used to relieve pain and other problems caused by the disease. The treatment is given at a hospital or clinic. Each treatment takes only a few minutes.
Recovery post Ovarian Cancer Surgery
Recovering from Ovarian cancer surgery takes time mentally, emotionally and physically. This is especially so if a woman has a complete hysterectomy whereby all her sexual reproduction organs, except her vagina, have been removed. It takes time to recover physically and emotionally from cancer surgery. When you go home from hospital, be prepared t