Patients across the world prefer to get Lung Transplant surgery in India due to availability of best hospitals at Mumbai and Chennai. Medical tourism in India offers a special service for prospective patients with impartial advice and helps to find the 'right' doctor, surgeon, hospital or clinic. Lung transplant surgery in India is done by high quality and hypo allergic pharmacological treatments with standard and state of the art equipments for treatment of acute and chronic problems at a nominal less price. Surgeons in India work as a team sharing patient care and expertise to provide the highest standard of healthcare. Forerunners Healthcare group helps you to avail best possible medical services for Lung transplant surgery in India.
What is Lung Transplant?
A Lung transplant is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, usually from a deceased donor. Depending on your medical condition, a lung transplant may involve replacing one of your lungs (single-lung transplant) or both of them (double-lung transplant). In some situations, the lungs may be transplanted along with a donor’s heart (heart-lung transplant). Living-donor lung transplants are rare, but possible. These lung transplants require at least two donors because each person can only donate a portion (lobe) of a lung. The lobes donated depend on the sections of your lungs that need to be replaced. Because the procedure is still new, living-donor lung transplants are usually reserved for people who are in urgent need of a transplant and who are unlikely to survive until a deceased donor lung is available.
Why need a Lung Transplant?
A Lung transplant surgery is needed because unhealthy or damaged lungs can make it difficult for your body to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. A variety of diseases and conditions can damage your lungs and hinder their ability to function effectively, including, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including emphysema,
• Scarring of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis)
• Cystic fibrosis
• Sarcoidosis with advanced fibrosis
• Pulmonary hypertension
• Damage to lung arteries caused by an untreated congenital heart defect (Eisenmenger syndrome)
Procedure of Lung Transplant surgery
There are several types of procedures Lung transplant surgery: (1) single-lung, left or right; (2) bilateral-sequential; (3) double-lung en bloc; and (4) heart-lung. The underlying disease and condition, age, relevant anatomy, and surgeon preference determine which procedure is appropriate for each patient. Before Lung transplant surgery an anesthesiologist will inject general anesthesia (pain-relieving medicine) through your IV, which will make you go to sleep. After you are asleep:
• A central venous catheter is inserted into a vein in your neck or groin. This type of catheter is used to deliver fluids, nutrition solutions, antibiotics, or blood products directly into your bloodstream without frequently having to insert a needle into your vein.
• A tube is placed in your mouth that goes down your throat and into your windpipe (trachea) to help you breathe. The tube is attached to a ventilator that will expand your lungs mechanically.
• You might be placed on a heart/lung machine to allow surgeons to bypass the blood flow to the heart and lungs. The machine pumps blood through the body, removing carbon dioxide (a waste product) and replacing it with oxygen needed by body tissues.
• A nasogastric tube is inserted through your nose into your stomach. This tube drains secretions from your stomach.
• A tube called a catheter is placed in your bladder to drain urine.
• The surgeon carefully removes your lung and replaces it with the donor lung.
Recovery post Lung Transplant Surgery
After Lung transplant surgery, you will be taken to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) where you are closely monitored. You will be very drowsy during this time and will be sleeping most of the time. Special monitoring equi