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Efficient treatment of Prostate cancer in India is done under expert surgeons at world class hospitals. The hospitals provide variety of modern high medical technology equipments, safety guarantee in medical diagnosis and treatments. During the treatment of Prostate cancer in India, patient is posted to comfortable air-conditioned rooms equipped with convenience facilities under private environments to serve the patient’s needs including safety system to observe for any condition change. Indian cancer surgeons treat the patients in a holistic manner and maintain their comfort. India is now being recognized as the best destination for medical tour because the Indian hospitals maintain high level of standard as far as the medical treatment is concerned.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells that results in the formation of a tumor in the prostate gland. Prostate, the walnut sized gland is a part of the reproductive system which lies deep in the pelvis. It is located in front of the rectum and underneath the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra, (the urine tube running from the bladder, through the prostate and the penis). It contains gland cells that produce some of the seminal fluid, which protects and nourishes sperm cells in semen and supports the ejaculatory ducts, or sperm tubes. Prostate cancer begins most often in the outer part of the prostate. It is the most common cancer in men older than age 50. In most men, the cancer grows very slowly. In fact, many men with the disease will never know they have the condition. Early Prostate cancer is confined to the prostate gland itself, and the majority of patients with this type of cancer can live for years with no problems. In some cases, it may spread from the prostate to nearby lymph nodes, bones or other organs.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Early Prostate cancer usually is discovered during a routine digital rectal examination (DRE).
Symptoms are often similar to those of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Men observing the following signs and/or symptoms should see their physician for a thorough examination.
• Blood in the urine or semen
• Frequent urination, especially at night
• Inability to urinate
• Nagging pain or stiffness in the back, hips, upper thighs, or pelvis
• Painful ejaculation
• Pain or burning during urination (dysuria)
• Weak or interrupted urinary flow
Treatment options for Prostate Cancer
There are many different ways to treat prostate cancer. It is advisable to get advice from two or more doctors before making a final decision about the treatment. Treatment includes Prostatectomy and Hormone Therapy or anti-androgen drugs, Chemotherapy and Radio Therapy.
Hormonal therapy: Hormonal therapy is used either alone or in combination with surgery or radiation. It is used to stop the production of testosterone hormone and hence a person with Stage C and D cancer can have their life extended and improved by the use of hormonal therapy.
Prostatectomy: Prostatectomy is the most common treatment option for localized prostate cancer. It involves surgical removal of prostate gland and some other near by tissues and reattaching the urethra and bladder. It will prevent further spread of the cancer. If the prostate cancer is in the early stages, prostatectomy can treat the cancer completely. This is done either through a surgical incision in the lower abdomen or the space between the scrotum and rectum.
Radio Therapy: Radio therapy is a form of treatment which uses high levels of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing and dividing thus reducing damage to healthy cells. It is more effective for early stage prostate cancer.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a combination of drugs which is effective to kill or slow the growth of rapidly multiplying cells. Chemotherapy is usually prescribed to men with advanced prostate cancer. Chemotherapy drugs are carefully controlled in b