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Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment – All About Zika virus


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Zika Virus, a disquieting and alarming infection that is linked to thousands of babies being born with abnormal small heads, is spreading intensely across the globe. More at:

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment – All About Zika virus

  1. 1. ZIKA VIRUS “Spreading Explosively” “An Outbreak Alarming”
  2. 2. We Are Dealing With! What is Zika Virus? Why Zika Virus is An Outbreak Alarming? How Does The Zika Virus Transmits? Symptoms of Zika Virus Infection Diagnosis of Zika Treatment Zika What‘s Being Done to Stop Zika Virus?
  3. 3. What is Zika Virus? The Zika virus got its name from Zika forest in Uganda, Africa. It was first detected in Rhesus monkey in 1947 and was reported in Humans in 1952. It is transmitted by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, which is also responsible for the spread of dengue and chikungunya.
  4. 4. Zika Origin Genre: Flavivirus Vector: Aedes mosquitoes (which usually bite during the morning and late afternoon/evening hours) Reservoir: Unknown
  5. 5. Zika Virus History
  6. 6. Why Zika Virus is An Outbreak Alarming? Zika virus is catching global attention due to its alarming connection with microcephaly, a neurological disorder in babies being born with abnormally small heads.
  7. 7. How Does The Zika Virus Transmits? Zika virus is transmitted by mosquitoes of Aedes species. When an Aedes mosquito bites someone with an active infection and then spread the virus by biting others and the cycle goes on. The zika virus has been found mainly in tropical regions of Africa, Pacific Islands and Southeast Asia. An outbreak of the disease in Brazil led to an alarming alert by Pan America Health Organization last May.
  8. 8. Zika Virus Transmits Cycle
  9. 9. In US, Zika was sexually transmitted, Officials say Health officials in Texas have confirmed the first case of Zika virus transmission in the US, and are pointing to sexual transmission as the culprit. The Dallas County Health and Human Services said in a release that the patient engaged in sexual contact with an infected individual who had recently traveled to a country where the Zika virus is spreading.
  10. 10. Symptoms of Zika Virus Infection Low Grade Fever Rashes Joint Pain, Muscle Pain & Headache Conjunctivitis (Red Eyes) Arthralgia Hospitalization is uncommon and symptoms usually last for several days up to a week.
  11. 11. Diagnosis of Zika Virus The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya. Visit the doctor if you notice the symptoms. Identify with symptoms.
  12. 12. Treatments of Zika Virus No specific vaccines or medications are available Still you can go for these medications and tips to relive symptoms. Drink lot of fluids to prevent dehydration. To relive fever and pain take medicines like paracetamol or acetaminophen. During the first week of infection, Zika virus is present in blood and can be passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bite so; avoid mosquito bites in first week of illness. Before taking any additional medicine, consult your doctor.
  13. 13. Zika Virus - Prevention Tips Prevention and control relies on reducing mosquitoes through source reduction and reducing contact between mosquitoes and people. Special attention and help should be given to those who may not be able to protect themselves adequately, such as young children, the sick or elderly. During outbreaks, health authorities may advise that spraying of insecticides be carried out. Travellers should take the basic precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
  14. 14. What‘s Being Done to Stop Zika Virus? Researchers are constantly working in laboratories around the world trying to create a Zika vaccine. Until those efforts become successful, health officials are implementing a traditional mosquito control technique that includes Emptying standing water receptacles where mosquitoes breed and Spraying Pesticides. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID) in US is also working on testing new drugs that proves effective against the zika virus.
  15. 15. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, and the Canadian government have issued travel advisories, which warn tourists to defend themselves from mosquito bites. Furthermore, the Brazilian government is also recommending women to delay pregnancies, if possible till the outbreak is under control.
  16. 16. Zika Facts & Research Conclusion Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. People with Zika virus disease usually have a mild fever, skin rash (exanthema) and conjunctivitis. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days. There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available. The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites. The virus is known to circulate in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
  17. 17. W.H.O. Responses About Zika Virus WHO is supporting countries to control Zika virus disease through: Define and prioritize research into Zika virus disease by convening experts and partners. Enhance surveillance of Zika virus and potential complications. Strengthen capacity in risk communication to help countries meet their commitments under the International Health Regulations. Provide training on clinical management, diagnosis and vector control including through a number of WHO Collaborating Centres. Strengthen the capacity of laboratories to detect the virus.
  18. 18. We have gathered all the information what we could, now it’s your duty to take precautions and stay protected from Zika Virus. That’s It!
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