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Digital Art Therapy and Social Media Ethics | Cathy Malchiodi, PhD, LPAT, LPCC, REAT, ATR-BC and Donald Cutcher, ATR-BC


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Our 2013 Digital Art Therapy and Social Media Presentation to the Buckeye Art Therapy Association in Columbus Ohio. Since this time, the Art Therapy Credentials Board has updated their ethics document, so this presentation serves as a way to track the historical development of art therapy and the growing challenges of digital technology and social media in professional practice. Please note: the movie portion of this presentation is not activated.

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Digital Art Therapy and Social Media Ethics | Cathy Malchiodi, PhD, LPAT, LPCC, REAT, ATR-BC and Donald Cutcher, ATR-BC

  1. 1. + © 2013 Art Therapy & Ethics in a Digital Age 2013 Buckeye Art Therapy Association Symposium Presented by: Cathy Malchiodi, PhD, LPAT, LPCC, ATR-BC Donald Cutcher, MA, ATR-BC, HLM/BATA
  2. 2. + Our Goals & Objectives… Ethics can be pretty boring…so we are going to focus on two topics and give you a chance to participate: 1) Internet and electronic/digital communication and privacy; 2) Online therapy and in particular, the ethical dilemmas of online art therapy education.
  3. 3. +About Ethics | General Principles a. It’s not unethical if the professional association you belong to permits it. b. It’s not unethical if an ethics code never mentions the concept, term, or act. c. It’s not unethical as long as no law is broken. d. It’s not unethical as long as we can name others who do the same thing. e. It’s not unethical as long as we don’t mean to hurt anyone Marlene Maheu, PhD says “I encourage you to consider the following cognitive statements:”
  4. 4. +What is Electronic Media?  Broadcast or storage media that takes advantage of electronic technology  May include television, radio, Internet, fax, CD- ROMS, DVD, and any other medium that requires electricity or digital encoding of information.  Also includes other forms of news publication, including websites, blogs and social networking sites.  The term “electronic media” is often used in contrast with print media.
  5. 5. Has the Internet become part of the new Maslow Hierarchy of Needs? Apparently, some people think so! [source unknown, but found on Facebook]
  6. 6. +The Internet is Always Following You ~~ A TED Talk
  7. 7. + Have you Googled yourself lately?  Try it– you will be surprised at what you discover about yourself that is on the Internet.  Major sources of Google hits: Social media such as Facebook activity and websites with your name on them.  Your clients can see them all.  Nothing ever disappears from the Internet. Nothing. Really. Lucy is shocked by how much about her is searchable on the Internet…
  8. 8. + Electronic Media…digital art images, records, social media, films and more… What are the ethical concerns? Confidentiality challenges? Legal issues?
  9. 9. + Health Information and Digital Transmission Protected Health Information: HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules But how protected is any electronic information?
  10. 10. + About Electronic Media… “Even before you put electronic client information or an image online or send it by e-mail it is at risk.” “The risks for electronic data can be internal, external, and random, and can result in data damage, falsification, loss, or leakage.” P. Orr (2011), ATCB Summer Review
  11. 11. + ATCB Ethics Code  Addresses issues related to the difficulty of maintaining the confidentiality of electronic transmitted communications, and the difficulty in removing any information or imagery that has been posted electronically if consent is later revoked.  Inform clients of all colleagues, supervisors, and employees (including Informational Technology (IT) administrators, who might have access to electronic transmissions. ATCB Code of Professional Practice states:
  12. 12. + AATA Ethical Principles for Art Therapists | Section 14.0 Art therapy by electronic means is a new and evolving application of art therapy. As such, it presents opportunities for service, as well as ethical dilemmas not encountered in the past. Art therapists are advised to use caution as the ethical ramifications of providing art therapy services via the Internet and other electronic means emerge. 14.1 Art therapists who offer services or information via electronic transmission inform clients of the risks to privacy and the limits of confidentiality. AATA [5/24/2011] states:
  13. 13. + AATA Ethical Principles for Art Therapists | Section 14.0 14.2 Art therapists who provide services through electronic means are governed by the AATA’s Ethical Principles for Art Therapists. 14.3 Art therapists are responsible for taking reasonable steps to ensure that any services through electronic means are in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations and are aware of the licensing requirements of the state in which their clients reside. AATA [5/24/2011] states:
  14. 14. + A “hypothetical” case scenario. Posting Client Films to Facebook…it happens.
  15. 15. + It happened… An art therapist posted video tapes of sessions with a minor child onto her Facebook website. The client was identified by name and there was no masking of face or images. This was reported to the ATCB and AATA; ATCB standards of professional practice indicated an ethics violation and the person was required to remove all data and respect confidentiality. Cartoon source unknown, but content is certainly accurate!
  16. 16. + A Couple of Social Media Questions…  A client sends you a email through your personal Facebook account, requesting that you friend him/her……………..what is your response and what is your rationale?  You are a member of an online discussion group and confidential information is shared regarding a client, inclusive of information that would identify the client. How do you respond to the posting?
  17. 17. +Online Art Therapy…is it possible? Could it be effective?  What do you think online art therapy would be like?  How do you envision it?  Is it even possible?  Under what circumstances would it be possible or even preferable?
  18. 18. +Totally Online Art Therapy Education…is it possible? Could it be effective?
  19. 19. +Audience Participation: Questions for Triads to Discuss [5 minutes]  What are some of the ethical issues involved in online education of art therapists?  How much face-to-face education is ethically necessary to train competent art therapists?  What other issues emerge in relation to the provision of totally online art therapy graduate education?  If you were told you would receive $100,000 a year to conduct a totally online art therapy degree, what would you do?
  20. 20. +References  Be warned: 'Online therapy' is not therapy, not really simulated/201003/be-warned-online-therapy-is-not- therapy-not-really  A Tuition-Free Art Therapy Graduate Education arts/201307/tuition-free-art-therapy-education-0  Art Therapy Meets Digital Art and Social Media arts/200911/art-therapy-meets-digital-art-and-social- multimedia  A Facebook Fan Page for Your Private Practice? arts/200907/facebook-fan-page-your-private-practice
  21. 21. + Questions & Answers… …and thank you for attending our presentation! {we know how boring ethics can be…}