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Digital Art Therapy and Social Media Ethics | ©2014 Cathy Malchiodi, PhD, LPAT, LPCC, REAT, ATR-BC and Donald Cutcher, ATR-BC


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The next iteration of our annual presentation on art therapy, digital technology and social media to the Buckeye Art Therapy Association. See our other art therapy/digital technology/social media SlideShares for additional information.

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Digital Art Therapy and Social Media Ethics | ©2014 Cathy Malchiodi, PhD, LPAT, LPCC, REAT, ATR-BC and Donald Cutcher, ATR-BC

  1. 1. + Art Therapy & Ethics in a Digital Age 2014 Buckeye Art Therapy Association Symposium, Columbus OH Presented by: Cathy Malchiodi, PhD, LPAT, LPCC, ATR-BC, REAT Donald Cutcher, MA, ATR-BC, HLM/BATA
  2. 2. + Our Goals & Objectives Today… Ethics can be pretty boring…so we picked some topics that are provocative and will give you a chance to participate: Therapists, social media and its impact; Proposed ATCB changes to ethics; Informed consent…is yours “legal and ethical?” Updates from 2013 on ethical dilemmas and never-ending questions.
  3. 3. +What is Electronic Media? Operational Definitions and Review  Broadcast or storage media that takes advantage of electronic technology  May include television, radio, Internet, fax, CD- ROMS, DVD, and any other medium that requires electricity or digital encoding of information.  Also includes other forms of news publication, including websites, blogs and social networking sites.  The term “electronic media” is often used in contrast with print media.
  4. 4. Has the Internet become part of the new Maslow Hierarchy of Needs? Apparently, some people think so! [found on Facebook]
  5. 5. + Informed Consent: Is Your Informed Consent Accurate, Legal and Ethical? What makes for an accurate, legal and ethical informed consent document? Art Therapy …an effective approach? Or a novel approach to treatment?
  6. 6. + ATCB Professional Disclosure/Informed Consent Statement… Look Closely….. 3.1.11 An independent practitioner of art therapy must sign and issue a written professional disclosure statement to a client upon the establishment of a professional relationship. Such statement must include, but need not be limited to, the following information: education, training, experience, professional affiliations, credentials, fee structure, payment schedule, session scheduling arrangements, information pertaining to the limits of confidentiality and the duty to report.
  7. 7. +ATCB Professional Disclosure Statement/Informed Consent… Look Closely….. The name, address, and telephone number of the ATCB should be written in this document along with the following statement, “The ATCB oversees the ethical practice of art therapists and may be contacted with client concerns.” It is suggested that a copy of the statement be retained in the client's file.
  8. 8. + Therapists and Facebook…a case of too much information?  Washington Post | August 25 journalist found her psychiatrist on “recommended friends” feed on Facebook.  According to recent article in Academic Psychiatry, “There are no firm guidelines for psychiatrists regarding how to manage information on the Internet.”
  9. 9. + American Counseling Association on Social Media Ethics…  You cannot look [not even sneak a peek] at your client’s Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter or other social media pages/presence.  Why? Confidentiality of the therapist-client relationship.  Example: If a friend tells you that your client is “bad-mouthing” you on Facebook, you cannot go to that Facebook page to take a look nor can you respond to that client’s remarks. It’s considered a breach of confidentiality.
  10. 10. +Does Excessive Social Media Exposure Impair Interpersonal Skills?  Apparently, the answer is a qualified “Yes.”  Studies indicate that excessive social media exposure affects the ability to have “real time” relationships. Recent Study: More Screen Time in Children = Less Ability to accurately recognize emotions
  11. 11. +Therapists and Social Media…how much is ethically too much?  As therapists we must be aware of how social media may impair personal judgment, personality and worldview.  Example: Has Facebook and Twitter become the first thing you check each day? Do you sleep with your cellphone under your pillow?  Therapists may succumb to the same social media addictions/personality changes as our clients!
  12. 12. + A Tale of Two Membership Organizations and Ethics Complaints American Counseling Association: Enforces ACA Code of Ethics. Accepts complaints and notifies complainant within two weeks. Adjudicates complaints and administers sanctions. Publishes yearly tally of complaints received to establish statistics and to show that members are held to ethical standards. American Art Therapy Association: Has Ethics Committee, but does not enforce Code of Ethics Complaints received; possible advice about which point in the Code may be involved. Does not adjudicate complaints or administer sanctions. Refers to ATCB. Does not publish yearly tally of complaints or questions received.
  13. 13. + Membership Organizations, Codes of Ethics and Professionalism  Art Therapy License Initiatives at the State Level request data on adjudication of ethics cases and types of ethics complaints received.  As of 2014, ATCB or AATA have not published general records or tallies of ethics complaints.  In contrast, professional membership organizations and recognized professions publish this data in newsletters and/or journals.
  14. 14. +From Cathy’s and Don’s 2013 Ethics Presentation…Entirely Online Art Therapy Education?
  15. 15. + ATCB Proposed Disclaimer Clause Proposed addition to ATCB (US) Ethics Code: 1.5.8 Art therapists are encouraged, whenever possible, to promote public understanding of the principles and the profession of art therapy, including through presentations to general audiences, other mental health professionals,.
  16. 16. + ATCB Proposed Disclaimer Clause ……and students outside formal art therapy programs. In making such presentations, however, an art therapist must avoid conveying the impression that the audience members or students will become competent to practice the profession or the techniques of art therapy, and the art therapist must, through conspicuous language, disclaim any intent or ability to teach such competence.
  17. 17. +Some Implications of Proposed Disclaimer  For use with any audience?  Who can’t share the information?  Who owns the techniques?  Where is the evidence to support these techniques belong to Art Therapy?  Who is competent to teach….only educators?
  18. 18. + Moses reading the disclaimer clause for the Art Therapy Commandments… “Thou shalt not say you are teaching art therapy even if it is art therapy that you are talking about.”
  19. 19. + Any other burning art therapy ethical issues? …or are you ready for a nap?
  20. 20. +Some References…  Psychiatrists and Facebook: A Case of TMI for Patients science/when-psychiatrists-are-on-facebook-their- patients-can-get-a-case-of-tmi/2014/08/25/ed31e522-110a- 11e4-9285-4243a40ddc97_story.html  A Tuition-Free Art Therapy Graduate Education arts/201307/tuition-free-art-therapy-education-0  Art Therapy Meets Digital Art and Social Media arts/200911/art-therapy-meets-digital-art-and-social- multimedia  A Facebook Fan Page for Your Private Practice? arts/200907/facebook-fan-page-your-private-practice