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  1. 1. Ethiopia Eman Al-Ansari Cecy Bateman Mr. Nebel Grade 9 Ethiopia
  2. 2. Geography of Ethiopia <ul><li>Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and its bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti, and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west by Sudan. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia has a high plateau in the center region. Some rivers cross the plateau such as the Blue Nile coming from Lake Tana. </li></ul><ul><li>The Climate is cool on the plateau but hot on the low lands </li></ul>
  3. 3. Culture of Ethiopia <ul><li>The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic which is a Semitic language that is spoken by about 27 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>The other language that is widely spoken in this country is the Oromo language. It is spoken by about 30% of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional clothes in Ethiopia are made from traditional cloth called yahager lebs, meaning clothes of the countryside, which is made of cotton woven together in long strips. </li></ul><ul><li>Men wear pants and a knee- long shirt with a white collar, and a sweater. Men and women both wear shawls called the neTela. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Culture of Ethiopia Cont. <ul><li>Women’s dresses are called habesha qemis. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time, women cover their head with a shash, a cloth that is tied at the neck. This cloth is common with both Muslim and Christian women. </li></ul><ul><li>When women go to church, they cover their hair and pull the upper ends of their shawl up their shoulders. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Religion <ul><li>There are 2 major religions in Ethiopia:- </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Orthodox </li></ul><ul><li>The beliefs and practices of the Muslims in Ethiopia is based on the Quran. </li></ul><ul><li>The beliefs and practices of the Muslims in Ethiopia is based on the Quran. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important religious practices, such as the daily prayer and fasting in the holy month of Ramadan, was observed in both urban and rural areas in Ethiopia. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who are the People? <ul><li>Ethiopia is home to just over 76,511,880 people </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the population is between the ages of 15-64 years of age and almost as many are 0-14 years old. Only about 2.7% of the people in Ethiopia are ages 65 and above. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Groups in Ethiopia mainly include the Oromo, Amhara, and Tigre groups. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Natural Resources and Trade <ul><li>Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, and hydroelectric power </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee is the major export of Ethiopia </li></ul>
  8. 8. Significant Ruler <ul><li>Haile Selassie (1892 - 1975) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haile Selassie was the first Ethiopian ruler to go abroad. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He began modernizing Ethiopia even before he was crowned emperor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because Haile had gone abroad, he knew what his empire needed to live up to. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He tried to improve bureaucracy, government, schooling, health and social services in preparation for his new reign. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haile Selassie created the first Ethiopian constitution </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Ethiopian Myths <ul><li>Ethiopians have many myths and legends. Some of these include the following: </li></ul><ul><li>The Queen of Sheba and Her Only Son Menyelek (I) </li></ul><ul><li>The Creation Myth </li></ul><ul><li>In this myth, the creator god, Wak shuts a man in a coffin on flat Earth, and then made fire rain down. This formed mountains. Then he unearthed the man, and he was alive. Soon, the man became lonely so Wak took some of his blood and made a woman for the man to marry. They had 30 children, but the man was ashamed to have so many, so he hid 15. Wak then turned those children into animals and demons. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Unique Ethiopia <ul><li>Ethiopia is the only country in Africa that has its own language that can be used in both spoken and written form. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 83 languages are spoken using about 200 different dialects throughout Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely due to the high altitude of Ethiopia, Ethiopians are known for being excellent long distance runners. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 70% of all of the mountains in Africa can be found in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital city is also Africa’s diplomatic capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia is as big as France and Spain combined in square kilometers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Unique Ethiopia cont. <ul><li>Ethiopia follows the &quot;Julian calendar&quot; which consists of 12 months, of 30 days. The 13th month is 5 or 6 days. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Julian Calendar” is about 7 and half years behind the Gregorian calendar (the calendar we use). </li></ul><ul><li>The only geographical feature of planet earth visible from the moon, The Great Rift Valley splits Ethiopia in to two, from top to bottom. </li></ul><ul><li>I the Valley, “Lucy &quot; the oldest direct human ever found (3.5 Million years old) was unearthed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia was never colonized. </li></ul>