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Central African Republic Development Situation September 2007

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Comprehensive briefing pack on the development situation in the Central African Republic

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Central African Republic Development Situation September 2007

  1. 1. CAR: Left behind in Africa Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team Central African Republic (CAR) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 1 Oct-07
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY Landlocked in the fragile centre of Africa LIBYA SUDAN CHAD DARFUR CAR CAMEROON DRC CONGO Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 2 Oct-07
  3. 3. POPULATION 4.2 million people in a country the size of France Population density Population by prefecture (5) Region 2007 Projection (6) (4) Bamingi-Bangoran (5) 46,620 Bangui (14) 687,634 (3) (7) Basse-Kotto (10) 268,692 (2) Haute-Kotto (7) 97,400 Haut-Mbomou (8) 62,120 Kémo (12) 127,708 (1) Lobaye (15) 266,238 Mambéré-Kadéï (17) 393,407 Mbomou (9) 176,873 Nana-Gribizi (4) 127,057 (13) (17) (11) Nana-Mambéré (1) 251,993 (8) (9) (10) Ombella-M'Poko (13) 384,704 (12) (15) (16) Ouaka (11) 298,413 (14) Ouham (3) 398,179 0 – 99,999 Ouham-Pendé (2) 464,272 100,000 – 199,999 Sangha-Mbaéré (16) 109,002 200,000 – 299,999 56,354 Vakaga (6) 300, 000 – 399,999 4,216,666 Total 400,000 – 499,999 600,000 – 699,999 Source: UNFPA, Population projection for 2007 Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 3 Oct-07
  4. 4. POVERTY One of the highest shares of population in extreme poverty Share of population living on less than US$ 1 a day 73 70 67 64 61 61 59 Mali Nigeria CAR Zambia Niger Burkina Faso Gambia Source: World Bank (2002) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 4 Oct-07
  5. 5. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Recovering from more than 20 years of under-development CAR’s Human Development Index value fell from 0.387 in 1985 to 0.353 in 2004 Sudan DRC Chad CAR .45 .35 .25 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004 Source: HDR (2006) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 5 Oct-07
  6. 6. ECONOMIC GROWTH For 20 years CAR stagnated while Africa grew GDP per capita (PPP) in 2006 US$ 1,198 versus US$ 2,686 in Africa as a whole GDP growth, Base = 100 (1985) +80% Africa CAR +60% +40% +20% 100 -20% 1995 1985 1990 2000 2005 Source: IMF (2007) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 6 Oct-07
  7. 7. ECONOMIC GROWTH An economy off balance Exports, imports, trade balance in bil. FCFA* Share of GDP per sector in 2006 Exports 70 Imports Services CA Balance 60 29% Pie 1 50 40 Pie 1 30 Industry 14% 20 10 Pie 1 Agriculture 0 57% -20 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Source: Central African Central Bank (BEAC, www.beac.int), * 1 USD = 500 FCFA Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 7 Oct-07
  8. 8. RESOURCES Rich in strategic natural resources N CHAD DARFUR Diamonds Gold Timber DRC Uranium Source: CAR Government Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 8 Oct-07
  9. 9. RESOURCES Resource wealth poorly managed Gold (kg), Timber (1,000 m3) production Diamond production (1,000 carats) 40 500 30 20 450 10 0 400 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 350 800 600 300 400 200 250 0 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Source: Central African Central Bank (BEAC, www.beac.int) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 9 Oct-07
  10. 10. RURAL DEVELOPMENT Agricultural sector in disarray Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 10 Oct-07
  11. 11. RURAL DEVELOPMENT Production of major export crops collapsed Rural development quick facts Cotton and coffee production in 1,000 tons • 74% of population work in agricultural Cotton 70 sector Coffee • 15 million ha arable land but only 60 600,000 ha cultivated 50 • 94% of farming is subsistence farming • On average each farmer cultivates less 40 than 0.5 ha 30 • Average yearly growth of agricultural sector in last 30 years: 2%, population 20 growth per year: 2.3% 10 • Global acute malnutrition for children under 5 years at 10% 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Source: Govt. Briefing Paper on Rural Development (www.car-conference.net), MICS Source: Central African Central Bank (BEAC, www.beac.int) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 11 Oct-07
  12. 12. HEALTH People keep dying from treatable diseases Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 12 Oct-07
  13. 13. HEALTH HIV/AIDS prevalence one of the highest in the region HIV/AIDS prevalence in % among adult population in selected African states 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.5 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.5 Kenya Uganda CAR Cameroon Rwanda Ghana Burkina Faso Guinea Source: UNFPA (2007), data based on MICS methodology Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 13 Oct-07
  14. 14. HEALTH One of the world’s poorest health systems Health quick facts HIV/AIDS prevalence by prefecture in % • 76% of population live more than 10 km 10.7 7.4 from next health centre 8.4 4.1 • Life expectancy fell from 49 years in 2.6 1988 to 43 years in 2003 3.1 13.6 4.2 • Only 44% of births assisted 7.3 • Prevalence of contraceptives only 6.9% 3.6 7.2 3.2 3.1 7.8 • One of the highest maternal mortality 6.9 6.3 rates in the world at 1,355 per 100,000 Total Top 7 regions by total Women Men • Infant-mortality rate at 132 per 1,000 Haut-Mbomou 13.5 13.8 13.6 • Malaria, diarrhoea, HIV/AIDS and Bamingui-Bangoran 15.1 6.0 10.7 Nana-Gribizi 11.4 4.9 8.4 malnutrition main causes of death for Bangui 10.3 5.1 7.8 children under 3 years Haute-Kotto 8.3 6.4 7.4 Ombella-M’Poko 9.8 4.5 7.3 Mambéré-Kadéï 10.6 3.2 7.2 Source: Govt. Briefing Paper on Health (www.car-conference.net), UNFPA (2007) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 14 Oct-07
  15. 15. EDUCATION Hardly anywhere is access to education so difficult Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 15 Oct-07
  16. 16. EDUCATION One of the world’s weakest educational systems Education quick facts Pupils per teacher in Sub-Saharan Africa • Only 1.45% of GDP spent on education, 100 almost 50% below African average 92 83 • Primary enrolment rates have not 80 improved in 15 years 72 66 • Pupil to teacher ration 92:1 in primary 63 62 education, 50:1 in secondary education 60 • Almost 50% of teachers unqualified parents 40 • Only 32% of pupils completed basic primary education in 2005 20 • Adult literacy rate 51% for men, 32% for women CAR Congo Ethiopia Mozam. Chad Rwanda Source: Govt. Briefing Paper on Education (www.car-conference.net) Source: UNESCO (2005), Pupil-teacher ratio in primary education (X:1) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 16 Oct-07
  17. 17. WATER Drinking water a health hazard Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 17 Oct-07
  18. 18. WATER Millions without access to safe drinking water Water quick facts % of pop. using adequate sanit. facilities in Africa • Most water pumps destroyed or 35 in disrepair 29 29 • Access to safe drinking water 30 estimated at 31.5% for 25 25 population in urban areas, 23 21 26.0% in rural areas 20 20 • About 75% of population without access to adequate sanitation 15 13 12 facilities 10 8 • No waste management system 5 Chad B. Faso CAR Benin Congo Niger Eritrea Ethio. Rwan. Source: Govt. Briefing Paper on Water (www.car-conference.net) Source: NationMaster.com (UNICEF, latest available) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 18 Oct-07
  19. 19. INFRASTRUCTURE Landlocked with almost no way out Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 19 Oct-07
  20. 20. INFRASTRUCTURE Vast distances, hardly any good roads, almost no electricity Infrastructure quick facts Road accessibility and distances from Bangui • 5,376 km of roads but only 700 km with good accessibility Birao: 1,073 km SUDAN • Nearest seaport Douala almost CHAD 1,500 km from Bangui Ndélé: 718 km Sam Ouandja: 910 km • Lifeline to Cameroon for large Kaga-Bandoro: 330 km CAMEROON parts without tarmac Bossangoa: 300 km Bria: 579 km Bouar: 447 km • 600,000 tons of yearly freight on Bambari: 374 km the Oubangui river in 1970s, Sibut: 179 km down to 62,000 tons in 2005 Bangui • Only 39 MW electric power installed nationwide DRC Minor road • Only 3% of population with Good access to electricity Medium Source: Govt. Briefing Paper on Transport and Energy (www.car-conference.net) Very Poor Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 20 Oct-07
  21. 21. EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE Overseas development assistance collapsed 25% ODA per capita (in 1990 US$) ODA / GDP 80 20% 15% 50 10% 5% 10 1970 1980 1990 2000 Source: CAR Ministry of Finance Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 21 Oct-07
  22. 22. PROGRESS Recent progress in Bangui and the centre of the country + Political, economic situation starts to improve; international community re-engages • Legitimate government and head of state • New constitutional framework • Technocrats return to key government positions • Government cleared debt arrears with World Bank and ADB • Thumbs up from IMF – GDP growth of more than 3 % in 2005 and 2006 – Inflation under control – Tax receipts tripled in the last 9 months • World Bank re-engages and starts Country Assistance Strategy • PRSP completed and Development Partner Round Table scheduled for 26 October • Private sector investment in gold, diamonds and uranium over US$ 400 million in 2007 Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 22 Oct-07
  23. 23. PROGRESS International aid organisations improve their field presence Birao Ndélé IPHD Sam Ouandja Paoua** Kaga-Bandoro Bossangoa *** Bozoum Sibut Bambari Bouar Bangassou Bangui IPHD ** Presence of international aid agencies as of August 2007 ** MSF also has a presence in nearby Markounda and Boguila Kota *** COOPI also has a presence in Bouca, 100 km east of Bossangoa Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 23 Oct-07
  24. 24. KEY CONTACTS Contact the Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team • Mr Toby Lanzer – Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator – UNDP Representative – Phone +236 56 10 26 | Email toby.lanzer@undp.org • Ms Amanda Weyler – Special Assistant to the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator – Phone +236 56 27 44 | Email amanda.weyler@undp.org • Mr Gilbert Aho – UNDP Senior Economist – Phone +236 50 12 49 | Email gilbert.aho@undp.org • Mr Kersten Jauer – UN Information Manager – Phone +236 57 50 34 | Email kersten.jauer@undp.org Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 24 Oct-07
  25. 25. WEBSITES Useful websites • www.cf.undp.org – UNDP Central African Republic • www.hdptcar.net – HDPT CAR Blog on the humanitarian and development situation • www.car-conference.net – CAR Development Partner Consultation • www.car-round-table.net – CAR Development Partner Round Table • www.hcpt.jot.com – HDPT CAR Intranet for Humanitarian and Development Partners • www.minplan-rca.org – CAR Ministry of Economics, Plan and International Cooperation Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 25 Oct-07
  26. 26. OVERVIEW MAP Important locations and roads N Birao Gordil CHAD SUDAN Sam Ouandja Ndélé Kabo Paoua Ouandago Ngaoundaye Bocaranga Kaga-Bandoro Bossangoa Bozoum Bria Bouar Obo Bambari Sibut Bangassou Mobaye Bangui Berbérati City / settlement Mbaïkï Prefecture Nola Road DRC 500 km Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 26 Oct-07

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