CAR caught between DRC, Darfur and Chad

2,136 views

Published on

Presentation by Toby Lanzer, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, on the humanitarian and development situation in the Central African Republic. For more information see www.hdptcar.net

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,136
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
37
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

CAR caught between DRC, Darfur and Chad

  1. 1. Caught between DRC, Darfur and Chad Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team (HDPT) Central African Republic (CAR) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 1 Aug-07
  2. 2. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Caught between DRC, Chad and Darfur Libya Sudan Chad Darfur CAR Cameroon Dem. Republic of Congo Congo Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 2 Aug-07
  3. 3. COUNTRY OVERVIEW More than 20 years of under-development CAR’s Human Development Index value fell from 0.387 in 1985 to 0.353 in 2004 Sudan DRC Chad CAR .45 .35 .25 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004 Source: HDR (2006) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 3 Aug-07
  4. 4. COUNTRY OVERVIEW One of the highest shares of population in extreme poverty Share of population living on less than 1$ a day (countries with highest values) 73 70 67 64 61 61 59 Mali Nigeria CAR Niger Burkina-Faso Gambia Zambia Source: World Bank (2002) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 4 Aug-07
  5. 5. COUNTRY OVERVIEW One of the lowest life expectancies in the world Male life expectancy at birth in years (countries with lowest values) 42 42 41 40 40 39 38 37 Sierra Leone Swaziland Angola CAR Zambia Liberia Afghanistan Botswana Source: WHO (2005), UNFPA CAR (2003) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 5 Aug-07
  6. 6. COUNTRY OVERVIEW HIV/AIDS prevalence one of the highest in the region HIV/AIDS prevalence in % among adult population in selected african states 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.5 3.0 2.2 1.8 1.5 Kenya Uganda CAR Cameroon Rwanda Ghana Burkina-Faso Guinea Source: UNFPA, data based on MICS methodology Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 6 Aug-07
  7. 7. COUNTRY OVERVIEW One of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world Maternal mortality rate per 100,000 (countries with highest values) 1,355 1,100 1,100 1,000 910 830 700 650 CAR Malawi Mozambique Eritrea Guinea-Bissau Chad Zimbabwe Zambia Source: UNFPA (2007), UNICEF (2002) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 7 Aug-07
  8. 8. COUNTRY OVERVIEW One of the lowest adult literacy rates in the world Female literacy rates in % (countries with lowest values) 34 32 32 32 31 30 27 26 24 23 22 21 21 17 10 Niger B. Faso S. Leone Afghan. Guinea Benin Iraq Somalia G.-Bissau Yemen Senegal Banglad. Mauritania CAR Mozambique Source: CIA World Fact Book (2007), UNICEF (2006) Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 8 Aug-07
  9. 9. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Rich in strategic natural resources N CHAD DARFUR Diamonds Gold Timber Uranium Source: CAR Government Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 9 Aug-07
  10. 10. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Progress in Bangui and the centre of the country + Political, economic situation starts to improve; international community re-engages • Legitimate government and head of state • New constitutional framework • Technocrats return to key government positions • Government cleared debt arrears with World Bank and ADB • Thumbs up from IMF – GDP growth of more than 3 % in 2005 and 2006 – Inflation under control – Tax receipts tripled in the last 9 months • World Bank re-engages and starts Country Assistance Strategy • PRSP about to be completed and donor round table scheduled for June • Private sector investment in gold, diamonds and uranium over USD 400 million in 2007 Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 10 Aug-07
  11. 11. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Violence and rebel activities in the north N Birao May 06, Nov 06, Mar 07 Gordil Jun 06 Vakaga Tiringoulou Apr 06 Ouanda Djallé Bamingui-Bangoran Markounda Nov 06 Sep 05 Ndélé Nov 06 Kabo, Batangafo Ouadda Dec 05, Jun 07, Jul 07 Nov 06, Apr 07 Ngaoundaye May 07, Jun 07 Paoua Kaga-Bandoro Jan 06, Jan 07 Late 06, May 07, Jun 07 Ouham-Pendé Lia Nana-Grébizi Mar 07 Ouham Bozoum Jun 07 Region 500 km Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 11 Aug-07
  12. 12. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Most and least densely populated areas affected N CHAD DARFUR 0 – 99,999 100,000 – 199,999 200,000 – 299,999 300, 000 – 399,999 400,000 – 499,999 600,000 – 699,999 Source: UNFPA Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 12 Aug-07
  13. 13. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Many ethnic groups N CHAD DARFUR Banda Goula, Kara, Rounga Nzakara, Zandé Oubanguiens Bantu, Pygmées Mbum Sara Ngbaka Basiri, Golo, Youlou Gbaya Ngbandi Source: HCPT CAR Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 13 Aug-07
  14. 14. COUNTRY OVERVIEW About 291,000 people forced to flee their homes 3' 30’ Sudan Chad Darfur 50’ 2.6’ 53 % 15’ 35' 37' Vakaga 32 % 30’ 26’ 20' Bamingui- 28 % Bangoran 8% 20’ 21 % Nana- 8% Ouham- Grébizi Haute-Kotto Pendé 8% Ouham Nana- Mambéré Cameroon Bangui IDPs Refugees in thousand Democratic Republic of Congo % of pop. Congo Source: HDPT CAR * Estimated 25,000 pastoralists have been displaced from their territory. Not shown here. Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 14 Aug-07
  15. 15. Rebels roam free Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 15 Aug-07
  16. 16. VIOLENCE Rebels roam free Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 16 Aug-07
  17. 17. Militants recruit children Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 17 Aug-07
  18. 18. State does not protect its population Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 18 Aug-07
  19. 19. Army engages Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 19 Aug-07
  20. 20. VIOLENCE Villages and towns set ablaze Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 20 Aug-07
  21. 21. VIOLENCE Villages and towns set ablaze Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 21 Aug-07
  22. 22. VIOLENCE Villages and towns set ablaze Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 22 Aug-07
  23. 23. VIOLENCE Villages and towns set ablaze Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 23 Aug-07
  24. 24. VIOLENCE Villages and towns set ablaze Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 24 Aug-07
  25. 25. Schools looted Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 25 Aug-07
  26. 26. Health posts destroyed Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 26 Aug-07
  27. 27. Pumps damaged Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 27 Aug-07
  28. 28. Seeds and tools lost Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 28 Aug-07
  29. 29. Malnutrition threatens Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 29 Aug-07
  30. 30. PROTECTION Seeking refuge in the bush Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 30 Aug-07
  31. 31. PROTECTION Seeking refuge in the bush Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 31 Aug-07
  32. 32. PROTECTION Gender-based violence spreads Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 32 Aug-07
  33. 33. PROTECTION Human rights abuses and impunity Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 33 Aug-07
  34. 34. Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 34 Aug-07
  35. 35. Protecting lives with international presence N Birao CHAD DARFUR Ndélé Paoua Bangui DRC 500 km Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 35 Aug-07
  36. 36. Reforming the security sector Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 36 Aug-07
  37. 37. Delivering emergency health care Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 37 Aug-07
  38. 38. Rehabilitating water sources Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 38 Aug-07
  39. 39. Delivering shelter and non-food items Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 39 Aug-07
  40. 40. Distributing seeds, tools and food aid Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 40 Aug-07
  41. 41. Getting children back to school Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 41 Aug-07
  42. 42. Supporting economic recovery Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 42 Aug-07
  43. 43. Overcoming logistical challenges Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 43 Aug-07
  44. 44. Overcoming logistical challenges Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 44 Aug-07
  45. 45. Linking humanitarian action and development efforts Progress towards the MDG requires coordination of short and long-term assistance MDG PRSP Humanitarian action and reform Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 45 Aug-07
  46. 46. COUNTRY OVERVIEW Offices of humanitarian organizations Birao Ndélé IPHD Paoua** Kaga-Bandoro Bossangoa *** Bozoum Mboki Sibut Bambari Bouar Bangassou Bangui IPHD ** Presence of international aid agencies as of August 2007 ** MSF also has a presence in nearby Markounda and Boguila Kota *** COOPI also has a presence in Bouca, 100 km east of Bossangoa Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 46 Aug-07
  47. 47. Caught between DRC, Chad and Darfur LIBYA SUDAN CHAD DARFUR CAR CAMEROON DRC CONGO Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team CAR Slide 47 Aug-07

×