The Case for Expository Preaching“This is a book about expository preaching,but it may have been written for a depressed market.”
The Case for Expository PreachingExpository preaching – the communication of a biblical concept, derived and transmitted through ahistorical,grammatical,literary study, of a passage in its context, which the Holy Spirit first applies to the personality and experience of the preacher, then through him to his hearers.
What’s the Big Idea?“*A]n idea begins in the mind when things ordinarily separated come together to form unity that either did not exist before or was not recognized previously” (39).
What’s the Big Idea?A Single Idea “A sermon should be a bullet and not a buckshot.” Not many vague ideas, but a single, dominant idea from a passage, supported by other ideas.
What’s the Big Idea?• A messenger must “mine out” one main concept or idea from a passage• The main idea helps us “see what was previously unclear• The process of abstracting, synthesizing, and communicating the main idea of a passage takes practice, the Holy Spirit, and spiritual maturity.
What’s the Big Idea?“If a preacher will not—or cannot—think himself clear so that he says what he means, he has no business in the pulpit. He is like a singer who can’t sing, an actor who can’t act, an accountant who can’t add.”
What’s the Big Idea?When reduced to its basic structure, an idea consists of two essential elements: a subject and its complement
What’s the Big Idea?Subject – the complete, definite answer to the question, “What am I talking about?”discipleship, witnessing, worship, grief, love
What’s the Big Idea?Complement– completes the subject by answering the question, “What am I saying about what I’m talking about?”The test of a person’s character (subject)reveals how strong that person is(complement) subject + complement = idea
What’s the Big Idea?“You do not understand what you are reading unless you can clearly express the subject and complement of the section you are studying.”
Tools of the TradeStep 1 - Choosing the passage to be preached“A diligent expositor will examine the paragraph breakdowns in both the original texts and the English translations, select the divisions of the material that seem to be the most helpful, and use these as the basis for exposition.”
Tools of the TradeStep 2 - Studying a passage and gathering notesRelate a passage to the book of which it is a partRelate a passage to its immediate contextTools: lexicons, concordances, grammars, word- study books, Bible dictionaries, commentaries,
Tools of the TradeStep 3 - Relate the parts of the passage to each other to find out the exegetical idea and its development“The process resembles an hourglass that moves from synthesis to analysis and back to synthesis”Find the subject and complement of the passage to discover the exegetical idea.
The Road from Text to SermonStep 4 - Analyze the exegetical idea What does this mean?Explanation of exegetical idea Is it true?Validity of exegetical idea What difference does it make?Application of exegetical idea
The Road from Text to SermonStep 5- After analyzing it, state the exegetical idea in the most exact, memorable sentence possible. exegetical idea homiletical idea“When an idea is a universal principle applying at any time, then the statement of the homiletical idea can be identical to the exegetical idea.”
The Arrow and the TargetStep 6 - Determining the purpose for the sermon. What you expect to happen in the hearer as a result of preaching this sermon.“A purpose differs from a sermon idea, therefore, in the same way that a target differs from the arrow, as taking a trip differs from studying a map, as baking a pie differs from reading a recipe” (107). Arrow = Idea Target = Purpose
The Shape Sermons TakeStep 7 - Decide how to accomplish the purpose of the sermonA sermon’s shape is largely determined by the homiletic idea, and how that idea itself asks to be communicated and applied.
The Shape Sermons TakeShape 1 – An idea to be explainedTell them what you are going to tell themTell them what you are telling themTell them what you have told them
The Shape Sermons TakeShape 2 – A proposition to be provedIs that true?Why should I believe it?
The Shape Sermons TakeShape 3 – A principle to be appliedSo what?What difference does this make?
The Shape Sermons TakeShape 4 – A subject to be completedIntroduction – subject of the ideaBody – discovering the complement of the idea
The Shape Sermons TakeShape 5 – A story to be told“In a narrative sermon, as in any other sermon, a major idea continues to be supported by other ideas, but the content supporting the points is drawn directly from the incident in the story.”
The Shape Sermons TakeStage 8 – Outline the SermonAn outline1. Clarifies the parts of the sermon2. View sermon as a whole, sense of unity3. Crystallizes the sermon’s order for the listener4. See parts of sermon that require more material for support and emphasis.
Make Dry Bones LiveStep 9 – Filling in the outline of a sermonSkeleton = OutlineFlesh = Supporting material
Make Dry Bones LiveRestatement – repeat for emphasis; “in other words.”Explanation and Definition – set boundaries and amplify ideas and how they relate to each otherFacts – observations, examples, statistics, etc.Quotes – to support or expand a pointNarration – “story telling” describes the individuals and events that take place in a passageIllustrations – restate, explain, validate, or apply ideas by relating them to tangible experiences
The Dress of Thought“Gift or not, we must use words, and the only question is whether we will use them poorly or well” (185).Work on:transitions, clarity of thought, develop a personal style, metaphors
How to Preach So People Will Listen“Sermons live only when they are preached. A sermon ineptly delivered arrives stillborn” (201). body language and gestures intonation matches words (natural) possess a deep desire to communicate grooming and dress should fit the audience, situation, and speaker eye contact vocal delivery; pitch, punch, progress, pause