Chomsky’sLabyrinth            http://i151.photobucket.com/albums/s133/eugcarmo/255665932jpg.jpg
Noam Chomsky(b. 1928)        MIT        1955               http://www.spike-island.org.uk/files/images/chomsky.jpg
The                                                                                 TOP 10                                ...
Why so   influential?                        http://www.pyke-eye.com/a/phil/1988/NoamChomsky.jpg
Grammar and Syntaxhttp://wvs.topleftpixel.com/photos/noam_chomsky_human_rights.jpg
His Grammar Created a Language-Mind Link                           TRANSFORMATIONAL                              Parse-abl...
Seth Merrin Professor of PhilosophyCo-Director, Center for Cognitive Studies, Tufts University                            ...
XPSpecifier        X
NPDet.        NThe     Chicken ran away from the farmer.       [t∫IkЛn]                            http://brainmind.com/im...
ComputationalMINDhttp://peterhgregory.files.wordpress.com/2007/03/virus.PNG
The           ,TuringMachines, and                http://www.tcf.ua.edu/AZ/AnalyticalEngine.jpg
Turing Computations with Binary Code                                     http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/...
Metaphors                                     Turing Machines                                       • Data Processing     ...
Steven Pinker(b. 1954)     Harvard University     2009     MIT     2003                          http://www.news.harvard.e...
1997http://linguistlist.org/fund-drive/2008/linguist-of-the-day/Pinker.jpg                                                ...
Sample Model of Language Processing         http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/srb/cyber/thi7fig4.gif
EZ Reader 10Reichle, E.D., Warren, T., & McConnell, K. (2009). Using E-Z reader to model the effects of higher level langu...
Favorite Sourceshttp://www.bookswim.com/images_books/lar                                                                  ...
INFORMATION OVERLOAD!                                                        MODULAR                                      ...
Multiple,                                                                                  Specialized                    ...
Pinker                                                             Fodor                                                  ...
Rou   nd1997     2002
PartingSo how doesBlows               the mind work?I don’t know. You don’t know. Pinker doesn’t know.And I rather suspect...
Some mysteries                                                  of the mind                                               ...
ReferencesBarrett, H. C., & Kurzban, R. (2006). Theoretical note--Modularity in cognition: Framing the debate. Psychologic...
Fodor, J., & Katz, J. (1964). The structure of language: Readings in the philosophy of language. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Pre...
Rayner, K., Pollatsek, A., Drieghe, D., Slattery, T. J., & Reichle, E. D. (2007). Tracking the mind during reading via    ...
The Computational Mind, Linguistics, and Noam Chomsky
The Computational Mind, Linguistics, and Noam Chomsky
The Computational Mind, Linguistics, and Noam Chomsky
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The Computational Mind, Linguistics, and Noam Chomsky

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Creating this presentation ignited my mind in the direction of science, linguistics, cognition, and evolution, completely altering the essence of my PhD and my life. The most important learning and teaching changes lives. I specialized in American Literature, and used the science as literary theory.

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The Computational Mind, Linguistics, and Noam Chomsky

  1. 1. Chomsky’sLabyrinth http://i151.photobucket.com/albums/s133/eugcarmo/255665932jpg.jpg
  2. 2. Noam Chomsky(b. 1928) MIT 1955 http://www.spike-island.org.uk/files/images/chomsky.jpg
  3. 3. The TOP 10 most-cited writers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Noam Chomsky 9. 10.http://thelastminute.typepad.com/photos/peace_rally_march_20_2004/p3200199.JPG Steven Pinker (1994) The Language Instinct.
  4. 4. Why so influential? http://www.pyke-eye.com/a/phil/1988/NoamChomsky.jpg
  5. 5. Grammar and Syntaxhttp://wvs.topleftpixel.com/photos/noam_chomsky_human_rights.jpg
  6. 6. His Grammar Created a Language-Mind Link TRANSFORMATIONAL Parse-able with moveable pieces Generative Infinite variety from finite pieces Universal Innate, inheritable
  7. 7. Seth Merrin Professor of PhilosophyCo-Director, Center for Cognitive Studies, Tufts University Ray Jackendoff (b. 1945) Tufts University 2005 Brandeis University 2006http://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/incbios/RayJackendoff/index.htm
  8. 8. XPSpecifier X
  9. 9. NPDet. NThe Chicken ran away from the farmer. [t∫IkЛn] http://brainmind.com/images/splitbrain20.jpg
  10. 10. ComputationalMINDhttp://peterhgregory.files.wordpress.com/2007/03/virus.PNG
  11. 11. The ,TuringMachines, and http://www.tcf.ua.edu/AZ/AnalyticalEngine.jpg
  12. 12. Turing Computations with Binary Code http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f9/State_diagram_3_state_busy _beaver_4_.JPG/800px-State_diagram_3_state_busy_beaver_4_.JPGhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f9/State_diagram_3_state_busy_beaver_4_.JPG/800px-State_diagram_3_state_busy_beaver_4_.JPG
  13. 13. Metaphors Turing Machines • Data Processing Computers • Complex Processing • Binary Code and Syntaxhttp://prevos.net/ola/identity.jpg
  14. 14. Steven Pinker(b. 1954) Harvard University 2009 MIT 2003 http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2004/12.02/photos/7-pinker1-450.jpg
  15. 15. 1997http://linguistlist.org/fund-drive/2008/linguist-of-the-day/Pinker.jpg http://www.indwes.edu/Faculty/bcupp/Book.Pinker2.jpg
  16. 16. Sample Model of Language Processing http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/srb/cyber/thi7fig4.gif
  17. 17. EZ Reader 10Reichle, E.D., Warren, T., & McConnell, K. (2009). Using E-Z reader to model the effects of higher level language processing on eye movements during reading. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 16(1), 1-21.
  18. 18. Favorite Sourceshttp://www.bookswim.com/images_books/lar http://ebooks-imgs.connect.com/ebooks/ge/The_Language_Instinct_How_the_Mind_ http://www.changeany1thing.com/wp- product/400/000/000/000/000/062/694/400000Creates_Language_PS-119190035038056.jpg content/uploads/2008/03/noam_chomsky.jpg 000000000062694_s4.jpg
  19. 19. INFORMATION OVERLOAD! MODULAR MIND = SOLUTIONhttp://img87.imageshack.us/img87/8646/fodorsk1.jpg
  20. 20. Multiple, Specialized Mind Organs= Complex Mental Processingp://brainmind.com/images/sci714428.jpg http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/innateness-language/PosnerRaichle.jpg
  21. 21. Pinker Fodor VS .http://www.firebaugh.com/FDA/Seminars/BlankSlate/PinkerLogo.jpg http://www.pyke-eye.com/a/phil/2001/JerryFoder.jpg 12 Rounds over
  22. 22. Rou nd1997 2002
  23. 23. PartingSo how doesBlows the mind work?I don’t know. You don’t know. Pinker doesn’t know.And I rather suspect, such is the current state ofthe art, that if God were to tell us, we wouldn’tunderstand him. (Fodor, 2005, p. 31)Fodor, more than anyone, has defended thecomputational theory of mind ... specialization ...[and] evolution as a shaping force in the modularmind. (Pinker, 2005, p. 2)
  24. 24. Some mysteries of the mind will probably .http://brainmind.com/images/schizophrenia43.jpg
  25. 25. ReferencesBarrett, H. C., & Kurzban, R. (2006). Theoretical note--Modularity in cognition: Framing the debate. Psychological Review, 113(3), 628-647.Carruthers, P., Laurence, S., & Stich, S. P. (2005). The innate mind. New York: Oxford University Press.Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structures. Netherlands: Mouton.Chomsky, N. (1959). Verbal behavior, by B. F. Skinner. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of the theory of syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Chomsky, N. (2006). Language and mind. New York: Cambridge University Press.Chomsky, N., & Arnove, A., (2008). The essential Chomsky. New York: New Press.Clahsen, H., & Felser, C. (2006a). Continuity and shallow structures in language processing. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27, 107-126.Clahsen, H., & Felser, C. (2006b). Grammatical processing in language learners. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27(1), 3-42.Cook, V. (1999). Using SLA research in language teaching. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9(2), 267-84.Duyck, W., Vanderelst, D., Desmet, T., & Hartsuiker, R. J. (2008). The frequency effect in second-language visual word recognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15(4), 850.Elston-Güttler, K. E., & Friederici, A. D. (2007). Ambiguous words in sentences: Brain indices for native and non- native disambiguation. Neuroscience Letters, 414(1), 85-89.Fodor, J. (1975). The language of thought. New York: Crowell.Fodor, J. (1981). Representations : Philosophical essays on the foundations of cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Fodor, J. (1983). The modularity of mind: An essay on faculty psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Fodor, J. (2001). The mind doesnt work that way: The scope and limits of computational psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Fodor, J. (2005). Reply to Steven Pinker ‘So How Does The Mind Work?’ Mind & Language, 20(1), 25-32.Fodor, J. (2006). How the mind works: What we still dont know. Daedalus, 135(3), 86-94.Fodor, J., Bever, T. G., & Garrett, M. F. (1974). The psychology of language: An introduction to psycholinguistics and generative grammar. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  26. 26. Fodor, J., & Katz, J. (1964). The structure of language: Readings in the philosophy of language. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall.Friesen, D., & Jared, D. (2007). Cross-language message- and word-level transfer effects in bilingual text processing. Memory & Cognition, 35(7), 1542-1556.Fukkink, R. G., Hulstijn, J., & Simis, A. (2005). Does training in second-language word recognition skills affect reading comprehension? An experimental study. Modern Language Journal, 89(1), 54-75.Generative Grammar. (2000). Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved December 7, 2009, from http://dictionary.oed.comJackendoff, R. (2003). Foundations of language: Brain, meaning, grammar, evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.Jackendoff, R. (1977). X syntax : A study of phrase structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Keating, G. D. (2009). Sensitivity to violations of gender agreement in native and nonnative Spanish: An eye- movement investigation. Language Learning, 59(3), 503-535.Kliegl, R., Nuthmann, A., & Engbert, R. (2006). Tracking the mind during reading: The influence of past, present, and future words on fixation durations. Journal of Experimental Psychology/General, 135(1), 12-35.Koda, K. (2007). Reading and language learning: Crosslinguistic constraints on second language reading development. Language Learning, 57(Supplement), 1-44.Pinker, S. (1994). The language instinct: How the mind creates language. New York: William Marrow, & Co.Pinker, S. (1997). How the mind works. New York: Norton.Pinker, S. (2002). The blank slate: The modern denial of human nature. New York: Viking Adult.Pinker, S. (2005). So how does the mind work? Mind and Language, 20(1), 1-24.Pinker, S. (2007). The stuff of thought: Language as a window into human nature. New York: Viking.Pinker, S. (2005). A reply to Jerry Fodor on how the mind works. Mind and Language, 20(1), 33-38.Rayner, K. (1993). Eye movements in reading: Recent developments. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2(3), 81- 85.Rayner, K. (2009). Eye movements and attention in reading, scene perception, and visual search. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62(8), 1457-1506.
  27. 27. Rayner, K., Pollatsek, A., Drieghe, D., Slattery, T. J., & Reichle, E. D. (2007). Tracking the mind during reading via eye movements: Comments on Kliegl, Nuthmann, & Engbert (2006). Journal of Experimental Psychology/General, 136(3), 520-529.Rayner, K., Smith, T. J., Malcolm, G. L., & Henderson, J. M. (2009). Eye movements and visual encoding during scene perception. Psychological Science, 20(1), 6-10.Reichle, E.D., Liversedge, S.P., Pollatsek, A., & Rayner, K. (2009). Encoding multiple words simultaneously in reading is implausible. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(3), 115-119.Reichle, E.D., Warren, T., & McConnell, K. (2009). Using E-Z reader to model the effects of higher level language processing on eye movements during reading. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 16(1), 1-21.Reichle, E., Rayner, K., & Pollatsek, A. (2003). The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: Comparisons to other models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26(4), 445-476.Reichle, E. D. (2006). Computational models of eye-movement control during reading: Theories of the eye mind link. Cognitive Systems Research, 7(1), 2-3.Skinner, B. F. (1992). Verbal behavior (Reprint, 1957 ed.). Acton, MA: Copley Publishing Group.Stuhr, J. J. (2000). Pragmatism and classical American philosophy: Essential readings and interpretive essays. New York: Oxford University Press.Tannen, D. (1999). The argument culture : Changing the way we argue and debate. London: Virago.Turing, A. M. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind: A Quarterly Review of Psychology and Philosophy, 59(236), 433.Universal Grammar. (2000). Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved December 7, 2009, from http://dictionary.oed.comUsó J., E., & Martínez F., A. (2006). Current trends in the development and teaching of the four language skills. New York: M. de Gruyter.Yamada, K. (2009). Lexical patterns in L2 textual gist identification assessment. Language Testing, 26(1), 101-122.

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