Citations- APA and MLA


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Citations- APA and MLA

  1. 1. Citations Workshop APA & MLA Heather Cook
  2. 2. What are Citations? • Citations help you avoid plagiarism. • Plagiarism is the using of other’s ideas without giving credit. • Plagiarism = stealing • Plagiarism will result in severe consequences according to the Caldwell College Academic Integrity Policy • Citations help your reader find the sources you referenced in your paper
  3. 3. Academic Integrity Policy “VIOLATIONS OF ACADEMIC INTEGRITY Academic dishonesty includes but is not necessarily limited to the following: Cheating 1. Unauthorized use of materials during tests and examinations. 2. Unauthorized possession of test or examination material prior to the administration of same. 3. Altering assigned grades. 4. Submitting, as one’s own work, assignments (for example, papers, data, computer assignments, or artistic works) obtained in whole or in part from another, unless specifically authorized to do so by the instructor. Fabricating Inventing data or other information to reach a desired conclusion. Plagiarism The unacknowledged, undocumented presentation of words or ideas which are the intellectual property of another as one’s own. 1. Direct quotation, that is, even a few of the exact words of a source, must be indicated by the use of quotation marks or indentation of the text and be properly documented. 2. Passages which parallel the thought or expression of the source, even without using the same words, must be properly documented.” “Academic Integrity Policy.” Undergraduate Catalog 2013-2014. Caldwell College. Caldwell College, 2013. Web. 3 Oct. 2013.
  4. 4. Types of Citation Formats • MLA stands for Modern Language Association. • Who uses MLA style? • The humanities use MLA style including: art, literature, music, philosophy and others. • APA stands for American Psychological Association. • Who uses APA style? • The social sciences use APA style including: business, communication, education, psychology and others.
  5. 5. 2 Part Process • Part 1- In-text Citations • Direct quotations or paraphrase of other people's words in your paper from the sources you read • Part 2- Works Cited Page/ References Page • List of all the sources you cited by in-text citations in your paper • After your paper is finished your in-text citations should match up to your Works Cited page/ References Page
  6. 6. In-text Citations - Direct Quotation • Taking someone's words exactly. When you copy someone's words exactly you must put "quotes " around the words to show you did not write them. • MLA: McBride opens his novel by describing his lack of knowledge about his mother, "As a boy, I never knew where my mother was from - where she was born, who her parents were" (6). • APA: According to Howard (2007), “…children who regularly drink soda have an increased likelihood of overweight and obesity” (p. 74).
  7. 7. In-text Citations - Paraphrase • Taking someone else’s words and putting them in your own words. • MLA- The author did not know much about his mother growing up (McBride 6). • APA- Obesity in children is linked to soda consumption (Howard, 2007, p. 74).
  8. 8. In-Text Citations • MLA form- author's last name and page number • (McBride 6) • According to McBride, ….(6). • APA form- author's last name, year, and page number • (Howard, 2007, p. 74) • In research conducted by Howard (2007)…(p.74).
  9. 9. Two ways to cite • Whenever you cite something in your paper you must provide basic information like author name and page number (MLA and APA requirements on previous slides). • There are two ways to accomplish this • Signal phrase and parentheses • Parentheses only • It’s a good idea to alternate these ways throughout your paper
  10. 10. Works Cited/ References Page • A list of all the sources you cited • Works Cited (MLA) • References (APA) • Whoever reads your paper can match the in- text citations to the corresponding reference in your Works Cited/ References Page.
  11. 11. Examples Works Cited/ References Page • MLA: • McBride, James. The Color of Water: A Black Man's Tribute to his White Mother. New York: Riverhead Books, 1996. Print. • APA: • Howard, K. R. (2007). Childhood overweight: Parental perceptions and readiness for change. The Journal of School Nursing, 23, 73-79. doi:10.1037/03923-3290.24.2.133.
  12. 12. Library Resources • Easy Bib • Library guide to citations: • • Includes websites to help you cite various types of sources and sample MLA and APA cited papers • Library databases and Summon will cite articles and books you find. • Always double check what the computer does!