Music 10 chords ppt

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Music 10 chords ppt

  1. 1. CHORDS: the building blocks of music<br />Music 10<br />
  2. 2. What is a chord?<br />Any grouping of notes that sound as being played simultaneously<br />Notes in a chord can be selected according to rules or a pattern or at random<br />In western music, the construction of chords follows a set of rules so that they can progress from one in to another in a way that sounds familiar and pleasing to the ear<br />
  3. 3. The Triad<br />A triad is one of the most basic types of chord<br />It consists of three notes that are stacked in thirds<br />The triad is considered to be the building block of functional harmony. Without it, our music would sound very different!<br />
  4. 4. The Parts of the Triad<br />The notes in the triad, when arranged from lowest to highest, are called:<br />The fifth (5)<br />The third (3)<br />The root (1)<br />
  5. 5. Types of triads<br />There are 4 types of triads:<br />Major<br />Minor<br />Diminished<br />Augmented<br />
  6. 6. Major Triad<br />In a major triad, there are 3 intervals that occur:<br />A M3 from the root to the third<br />A m3 from the third to the fifth<br />A P5 from the root to the fifth<br />
  7. 7. Minor Triad<br />In a minor triad, 3 intervals occur:<br />A m3 from the root to the third<br />A M3 from the third to the fifth<br />A P5 from the root to the fifth<br />
  8. 8. Diminished Triad<br />Diminished triads have three intervals:<br />A m3 from root to third<br />A m3 from third to fifth<br />A d5 from root to fifth<br />
  9. 9. Augmented Triad<br />Augmented triads have three intervals:<br />A M3 from root to third<br />A M3 from third to fifth<br />An aug5 from root to fifth<br />
  10. 10. Seventh Chord<br />A seventh chord is merely a triad (scale degrees 1, 3 and 5) with scale degree 7 added on top.<br />
  11. 11. Cluster Chords/Tone Clusters<br />A cluster chord is made up of at least three notes, arranged chromatically<br />

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