Spotlight on Emerging Technology:Online Learning in K-12 Schools HanNa Chung Walden University May 29, 2011
What is Online Learning? A type of distance education in which teachers and learners are separate in time or space. “Education in which instruction and content are delivered primarily via the Internet” (Cavanaugh & Clark, 2007, p.5). “typically thought of as distance learning in the form of a course taught mostly on the Internet rather than in a transitional classroom” (Hargis & Schofield, 2007, p.14).
Why Online Learning? to expand access to education and provide curricular options to all students a tool for education reform as effective as well-designed classroom instruction
Who Benefits from Online Learning?Students… who need enrichment, acceleration, remedial, or supplemental courses. that are home-schooled or live in areas where physical classrooms are not available. who want to take advanced placement or college level courses. with various and multiple learning styles.
What isCourse Management Systems (CMS)? • also known as Learning Management Systems (LMS) or Virtual Learning Environments (VLE). • a system designed to support, administer, and organize teaching and learning in an educational setting or online course.
Examples of CourseManagement Systems • Drupal • eCollege • Blackboard • WebLessons • Moodle • Rcampus
• A free web application that educators can use to create effective online learning sites.• Gives educators tools to manage and promote learning.• Teachers can create lessons, quizzes, chats, forums, workshops, and share resources.
• A collaborative learning environment that helps to connect students and educators.• A platform to manage course materials, share resources, perform assessments with rubrics, publish grades, facilitate communication and interaction.• Free, easy, and quick!
Advantages for Students• “provides students with opportunities to embrace leadership roles and demonstrate social responsibility and enhanced social skills” (Young, Birtolo, & McElman, 2009, p. 15).• “improvement in problem solving, creative thinking, decision making, and time management” (Cavanaugh & Clark, 2007, p.13).
More Advantages for Students• engaging and motivating• more choices for courses of interest• work collaboratively on projects and websites• student-centered atmosphere with more individualized attention
Advantages for Teachers• “assist students in becoming active participants in the construction of their own knowledge” (Hargis & Schoﬁeld, 2007, p. 37).• Help increase students’ study habits, creativity, and positive attitudes towards school.• Personalize and individualize instruction to accommodate and meet the needs and learning styles of all your students.• Increases student motivation and participation.• Promotes self-directed learners.
How Can Teachers Use Learning Modules With Their Students? • Extension of the • Post important classroom. announcements or • Post assignments with schedules for due clear expectations and dates. instructions. • Monitor student • Give online progress. assessments or • Analyze data faster projects with rubrics. and easier. • Create discussion • Provide timely forums and chats. feedback. • Keep communication • Post lessons and open and consistent. guided practice.
What Instructional Gaps Can Be Filled?• “online learning can give students opportunities to demonstrate mastery of academic concepts while using todays tools and resources” (Young, Birtolo, & McElman, 2009, p.16).• Increasing and building up students that are digital natives in preparing them to become 21st century citizens.• “teamwork skills, problem-solving abilities, creativity, decision-making proficiency, and higher- order thinking skills” (Cavanaugh & Clark, 2007, p.16).
What Other Instructional Gaps Can be Filled?• Students can continue learning outside of the classroom.• Critical thinking skills• Collaboration skills• Global awareness
How Can Online Learning Modules Support Meaningful, Authentic, Student Learning? • “opportunity for rich interactive collaboration among students and teachers” (Cavanaugh & Clark, 2007, p.13). • Fosters learning anytime and anyplace. • Connect with other students from around the world. • Self-paced, flexible, and comfortable learning.
Potential Reasons for Resisting Online Learning for TeachersSignificant teacher preparation andprofessional development in onlineinstructional practices needed.Time, effort, and energy needed to designvirtual course materials and communicationstechnologies.Lack of technology skills and tools.No face-to-face time with students to buildrelationships while managing learning.
Potential Reasons for Resisting Online Learning for Students Lack of auditory production and reception skills Lack of technology skills Lack of access to technology tools Time management
Possibilities…free and private CMS24/7 access and convenienceStudents and teachers need to beprepared for the 21st centuryworkplace.flexibility and self-paced learningmeets the learning needs of students
Conclusion “Implementing online learning environments in K-12 school districts requires cultivating new approaches to how we handle teaching, learning, andleading in schools. Because learning canhappen online, the applications are limited only by the imagination” (Guhlin, 2009).
References Cavanaugh, C., & Clark, T. (2007). The Landscape of K-12 Online Learning. In P. Adamson, B. Adamson, & N. Clausen-Grace, et al (Eds.), What Works in K-12 Online Learning (Chapter 1, pp. 5-19). Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education. Guhlin, M. (2009). Moodle-izing your education enterprise. Education World. Retrieved May 27, 2011 from http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/columnists/guhlin/guhlin012.shtml. Hargis, J., & Schofield, K. (2007). Integrating Online Learning into Elementary Classrooms. In P. Adamson, B. Adamson, & N. Clausen-Grace, et al (Eds.), What Works in K-12 Online Learning (pp. 33-47). Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education. Moodle. (2011). Open-source community-based tools for learning. Retrieved May 27, 2011 from http://moodle.org/. rCampus. (2011). A collaborative learning community. Retreieved May 27, 2011 from http://rcampus.com. Young, J., Birtolo, P., & McElman, R. (2009). Virtual success: Transforming education through online learning. Learning & Leading with Technology, 36(5), 12–17.