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Semantic Web 2.0


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Semantic Web 2.0

  1. 1. Semantic Web 2.0 Dr. Harry Chen CMSC 491S/691S April 21, 2008
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Revisit the Semantic Web (SW) </li></ul><ul><li>Think about SW in the context of … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speculate on the future Web </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Semantic Web <ul><li>It’s a vision about the Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise and community boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nothing new here! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was part of the goal in creating Web 1.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why should we use the Web if we can’t share and reuse information? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Semantic Web Research <ul><li>W3C Semantic Web Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Rooted in AI Knowledge Representation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some said too much KR hindered the development of the Semantic Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personally, I think that’s debatable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Since 2000, many tools and standards have been developed under the SW flag. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Most Important SW Components Ontology RDF URI Semantic Web
  6. 6. URI <ul><li>Uniform Resource Identifier </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unambiguous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike natural lang.: “G. Bush” and “G. Bush” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be used in logical inference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If we found two resources having the same URI, we can assume they are describing the same thing. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. RDF <ul><li>An unordered collection of statements that describe Web Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People, Place and Things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RDF Statement  Triple </li></ul><ul><li>Tripe  (subject, predicate, object) </li></ul><ul><li>Resources are identified by URI </li></ul>
  8. 8. View RDF as a Graph Source:
  9. 9. Publish RDF on the Web <ul><li>How do you publish RDF statements? </li></ul><ul><li>Issues to consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish for what purpose? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who will consume those stmts? And, how? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to compose and edit those stmts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who publishes those stmts – human or machine? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. RDF Representations <rdf:RDF ……..> <….> <….> </rdf:RDF> XML Encoding Graph stmt(docInst, rdf_type, Document) stmt(personInst, rdf_type, Person) stmt(inroomInst, rdf_type, InRoom) stmt(personInst, holding, docInst) stmt(inroomInst, person, personInst) Triples RDF Data Model Good for Machine Processing Good For Human Viewing Good For Reasoning RDF is a simple language for building graph based representations
  11. 11. RDF Demo
  12. 12. Ontology (in information systems) <ul><li>A dictionary of some sort. </li></ul><ul><li>An explicit representation of how to represent the object, concepts and other domain entities and relationships among them. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., database schemas and UML diagrams </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Ontology (in the Semantic Web) <ul><li>Use RDF to create a new language for describing Web Resources and the relationships among them. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RDF-S </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OWL </li></ul></ul>OWL
  14. 14. Ontology Demo Wine Ontology in SWOOP Wine Agent
  15. 15. Got Semantic Web? Why the Semantic Web remains to be a “research-ish” thing? Ontology RDF URI Semantic Web
  16. 16. Missing a Bridge The Web as we know it The Web that we hope to create Google Amazon YouTube HTML … Knowledge sharing Information reuse Machine-readable Web Ontology …
  17. 17. The “Missing Bridge” Problem <ul><li>Two causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We don’t know what kind of bridges to build. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We had the wrong design. (bridge or tunnel?) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Semantic Web’s Missing Bridge <ul><li>“ Don’t know what bridge to build ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people misunderstood SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people have misconceptions about SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ We had the wrong design ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Web == “Artificial Intelligence” Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical inference must underpin every SW app </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large ontology is required for building SW app </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe we need something different from OWL, RDFS and RDF. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Misconception #1 The Semantic Web will bring about a “killer” application!
  20. 20. SW is not Web 2.0 <ul><li>Web 2.0 is about building a new kind of highly interactive and dynamic Web applications </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Web is about data – how to share it, reuse it and integrate it. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Misconception #2 Web 2.0, JSON, Ajax will “kill” the Semantic Web
  22. 22. SW is not Web 2.0 <ul><li>JSON and Ajax enable sites to publish data for building mashup. </li></ul><ul><li>But, they are not suitable for serious data integration and knowledge sharing tasks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember the “Mash Maker” demo that Wes has shown us? </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Misconception #3 The Semantic Web is all about building an AI Web
  24. 24. Semantic Web is not AI Web <ul><li>The Web is for people, not for machines. </li></ul><ul><li>When building Web applications, anything you develop, whether it’s an AI program or non-AI program, they should serve people. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Misconception #4 Large ontologies are required for building successful Semantic Web applications
  26. 26. Bigger is not always better! <ul><li>The use of ontology in information systems is a technique to solve a certain kind of problem. </li></ul><ul><li>By itself, ontology can’t create any useful Web application. </li></ul><ul><li>You are permitted to create SW application using a small or large ontology. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Misconception #5 The Semantic Web is a different Web
  28. 28. We only have one Web <ul><li>Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web 3.0 … Web 20.0 will always be the same Web. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless, we have a completely different Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ideas and research results of the Semantic Web will be seamlessly integrated into, not replacing , the Web </li></ul>
  29. 29. We still haven’t solve the problem The Web as we know it The Web that we hope to create Google Amazon YouTube HTML … Knowledge sharing Information reuse Machine-readable Web Ontology …
  30. 30. Let’s do some speculation…
  31. 31. Acting as a futurist… <ul><li>How will Semantic Web technologies turn out in the future Web? </li></ul><ul><li>What technologies and computing trends are likely to stay in the future Web? </li></ul><ul><li>How will a social Web influence the adoption of Semantic Web technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>What’re the tools essential to the growth of the Semantic Web? </li></ul>
  32. 32. What can you conclude from this video? http:// =JVZ6E9EnJ3I
  33. 33. The Web is here to stay <ul><li>We live, </li></ul><ul><li>We work, </li></ul><ul><li>We social </li></ul><ul><li>On the Web. </li></ul>
  34. 34. HTML is here to stay <ul><li>We will continue to use HTML to create Web information. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people will be editing the Web through HTML or applications that manipulate HTML. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Open Question. <ul><li>If RDF is the language for describing semantic information on the Web, who is going to create RDF? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You, me </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X? </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Social Web and SW <ul><li>Social Web is about user-created content. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube, Facebook, Flickr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The more information they create, the more information needs to be integrated. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mash Maker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ManyEyes, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentiment Analysis, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Open Question <ul><li>If the future is about mashup, knowledge sharing and data reuse, how can we “free” data from web sites? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consuming flickr,, youtube data requires special protocols and data formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consuming RSS (from CNN, Reuters, my blogs) requires no understanding of special protocols. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Concluding Remarks <ul><li>The Semantic Web is vision, not an application technology. </li></ul><ul><li>SW is about data – being shared, integrated and reused. </li></ul><ul><li>If we resolve our misconceptions about the Semantic Web, we see a bright future for its technologies in Web 2.0 and the Social Web. </li></ul>