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Todorov and propp presentation


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Todorov and propp presentation

  1. 1. Todorov and Propp Examples of their theories 
  2. 2. Vladimir Propp’s Theory <ul><li>Vladimir Propp developed a character theory for studying media texts which indicates that there are 7 broad character types. </li></ul><ul><li>Hero – Leads the narrative, is usually looking for something or trying to solve something. Does not have to be a male character! </li></ul><ul><li>Villain – Conflicts with the hero . </li></ul><ul><li>Heroine – Is usually some sort if prize or reward for the hero. N.B. if your hero is a female, your heroine can be male. </li></ul><ul><li>Father – An authoritative figure who offers a reward to the hero for completing their quest. That reward can be a prince/princess, or an object of value. </li></ul><ul><li>Helpe r – Helps the hero – often acts as sidekick. </li></ul><ul><li>Donor – Gives the hero something – a clue, a talisman, a special power – which helps them complete their quest. </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor – Teaches and guides the hero. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tzvetan Todorov’s Theory <ul><li>Todorov, suggests that all narratives follow a five part structure. The structure is as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>1) A state of equilibrium, where everything is balanced. </li></ul><ul><li>2) A disruption of that order by an event </li></ul><ul><li>3) A recognition that the disorder has occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>4) An attempt to repair damage of disruption and to restore order. </li></ul><ul><li>5) A return or restoration of a NEW equilibrium. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Shrek (Propp’s Theory) <ul><li>Hero – Shrek </li></ul><ul><li>Villain – Lord Farquaad </li></ul><ul><li>Heroine – Princess Fiona </li></ul><ul><li>Father – Lord Farquaad (In this instance) </li></ul><ul><li>Helper – Donkey </li></ul><ul><li>Donor – Dragon </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor – None as such. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Finding Nemo (Todorov’s Theory) <ul><li>1) Nemo living with his dad, first day of school. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Nemo goes on school trip, where he is caught by a diver trying to touch the ‘butt’. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Marvin, his dad, sees Nemo being taken and decides to take action by trying to find him. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Marvin and Dory go on a sea-wide search for Nemo, getting in to all sorts of situations. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Nemo and his dad are reunited, and it feels so good. And they live happily ever after  . </li></ul>