HCC - Evaluating Sources with C.R.A.P.


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How to evaluate a source in four steps with C.R.A.P. at HCC Libraries

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HCC - Evaluating Sources with C.R.A.P.

  1. 1. Evaluating sources is as easy as C.R.A.P. (evaluating sources tutorial @HCC Libraries)
  2. 2. C.R.A.P. is a quick & easy way to evaluate information. Currency Reliability Authority Perspective/Point-of-view
  3. 3. C.R.A.P. is a quick & easy way to evaluate information. Currency Reliability Authority Perspective/Point-of-view (these 4 categories can tell you if a source is useful & helpful)
  4. 4. Currency:or is the resource from an appropriate time? • When was it originally published? • Has it been updated or revised since then? • Would time likely effect the information’s accuracy or relevancy? • Does the time frame fit your needs?
  5. 5. Currency:time does matter • E.g., science information changes often & frequently, & can completely change the content of your paper. (Remember Pluto?) • If it’s a historical paper on the JFK assassination, on the other hand, a 1964 news article might be very relevant. • Ask: will time change the information & did the professor specify a timeframe?
  6. 6. Reliability:or Can you depend on the information & trust it be accurate? • Did the author use any evidence & show their sources with citations or references? • Is the spelling and grammar correct? Do you see any obvious mistakes? • Can you verify the information from other sources?
  7. 7. Reliability:true or false? • Basically, you’re looking to see if the information is false & erroneous or authentic & valid. • If basic facts are wrong, the theory/ hypothesis has less merit.
  8. 8. Authority:or Can you trust the information source? • Who is the author & what are their credentials? • Who is the publisher or sponsor? • What does the website end in... .com = commercial, e.g. Amazon.com .gov = governmental, e.g. cia.gov .edu = educational sources, e.g. hccs.edu .org = usually a non-profit organization, e.g., cancer.gov
  9. 9. Authority:look at the Qualifications • Basically, you’re trying to determine why you should trust the information from this source. • Remember, if the person or organization is qualified, they will probably list their credentials, like what degree or job they currently hold.
  10. 10. perspective/Point-of-view:or What’s the author’s motivation? • Is the author trying to inform, persuade, sell to, or entertain you? • Are there advertisements or links to buy products or subscribe to a service? Are they clearly marked or sponsored by the source? • Does the author seem objective or biased?
  11. 11. perspective/Point-of-view:look at the author’s end goal • Try to determine the author’s (& sponsor’s) interest in the topic & if that influences their information. • e.g. Are they trying to inform about different weight loss methods or sell sell a weight loss product? • e.g. The Onion = satirical entertainment, not informative.
  12. 12. To review, CRAP is Currency Reliability Authority Perspective/Point-of-view
  13. 13. To review, CRAP is Currency Reliability Authority Perspective/Point-of-view * Checking to see if information is current, accurate, unbiased, and from a trustful source can help you judge a source’s quality.
  14. 14. You can still use other types of information; you just need to aware of any prejudices, inaccuracies, & time constraints before treating it like reliable information. (remember: Not all information is equal.)
  15. 15. More questions? Look though the guide, ask a librarian, or Find out more with HCC Libraries @library.hccs.edu
  16. 16. Thanks to Mary Meestrum & Kenneth orenic (aka the original C.R.A.P. Inventors) at dominican University Library & LOEX Wiki, Portland State University Library, Academy of art University Library, Ohio University Libraries, Vanderbilt university Library, & Landmark College Library for influencing this presentation. Their C.R.A.P. & C.R.A.A.P. tutorials are linked on the subject guide.