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# The oil & gas engineering quiz

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Engineer working on Oil & Gas Projects?
Test your Engineering knowledge with this pleasant quiz
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### The oil & gas engineering quiz

1. 1. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Welcome to this presentation. It will test you general knowledge as a Project Engineer. Good luck! Comments are most welcome (herve.baron@gmail.com), which I will incorporate for the benefit of all. Hervé
2. 2. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The Heat & Material Balance (HMB) shows the flowrate, conditions and composition of process and utility streams. Right or Wrong?
3. 3. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The Heat & Material Balance (HMB) shows the flowrate, conditions and composition of process and utility streams. Right or Wrong? Wrong, only the process streams. Utility streams, such as cooling water flowrate etc., are defined later on, once equipment is sized.
4. 4. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Consider a process unit with an INPUT and OUTPUT. The following is true:  INPUT flow rate (kg/hr) = OUTPUT flow rate (kg/hr) – True (mass balance)  INPUT flow rate (kmol/hr) = OUTPUT flowrate (Kmol/hr) – False, if chemical reaction has occured  INPUT enthalphy (kJ/hr) = OUTPUT enthalpy (kJ/hr) – False, if heat or mechanical work has been exchanged with outside PROCESS UNITINLET OUTLET
5. 5. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Consider a process unit with an INPUT and OUTPUT. The following is true:  INPUT flow rate (kg/hr) = OUTPUT flow rate (kg/hr) – True (mass balance)  INPUT flow rate (kmol/hr) = OUTPUT flowrate (Kmol/hr) – False, if chemical reaction has occurred  INPUT enthalpy (kJ/hr) = OUTPUT enthalpy (kJ/hr) – False, if heat or mechanical work has been exchanged with outside PROCESS UNITINLET OUTLET
6. 6. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which Engineering document do I need to estimate the cost of a pressure vessel?  The Process data sheet  The Mechanical data sheet
7. 7. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which Engineering document do I need to estimate the cost of a pressure vessel?  The Process data sheet  The Mechanical data sheet, as it indicates the equipment weight from which I can estimate the cost (for pressure vessels, for instance, USD 4/kg for carbon steel and USD 12/kg for SS)
8. 8. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Per ASME B31.3, at which pressure shall piping be hydraulically tested?  1.5 times the design pressure  1.2 times the design pressure  The design pressure
9. 9. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Per ASME B31.3, at which pressure shall piping be hydraulically tested?  1.5 times the design pressure  1.2 times the design pressure  The design pressure
10. 10. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Mention 3 different ways to measure engineering progress
11. 11. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Mention 3 ways to measure engineering progress  Weighting of documents and issue  Milestones, e.g. Plot Plan IFC, P&ID IFC, etc.  IFC issuance curves, e.g. m3 of IFC concrete, tons of IFC steel, tons of IFC piping isometrics
12. 12. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which document issued by the Engineering Manager serves as reference to all Engineering disciplines?
13. 13. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which document issued by the Engineering Manager serves as reference to all Engineering disciplines? The Engineering Design Data
14. 14. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which document issued by the Engineering Manager serves as reference to all Engineering disciplines? The Engineering Design Data What are the contents of this document?
15. 15. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which document issued by the Engineering Manager serves as reference to all Engineering disciplines? The Engineering Design Data What are the contents of this document?  Feedstock conditions, composition,  Products flow and specifications, performance guarantees  Battery limits & battery limits conditions  Design criteria  Site climatic conditions: Min/max temperature, rain/snow, wind, seismic  Applicable codes and standards  Utilities conditions: Fuel gas composition, pressure, electric power: voltage etc.  Regulatory requirements: Emission limits etc.
16. 16. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Put the following tasks in order  HAZOP  P&ID review meeting between COMPANY and CONTRACTOR  Issue of P&IDs for Review (IFR)  Issue of P&IDs for Design (IFD)  Issue of P&IDs for Construction (IFC)
17. 17. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Put the following tasks in order  Issue of P&IDs for Review (IFR)  P&ID review meeting between COMPANY and CONTRACTOR  Issue of P&IDs for Design (IFD)  HAZOP  Issue of P&IDs for Construction (IFC)
18. 18. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Are these items reviewed in HAZOP or HAZID?  ESD logic  Equipment spacing  Overflow of equipment  PLANT location  Overpressure hazard  Building blast resistance  Fire & Gas detection
19. 19. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Are these items reviewed in HAZOP or HAZID?  ESD logic - HAZOP  Equipment spacing - HAZID  Overflow of equipment - HAZOP  PLANT location - HAZID  Overpressure hazard - HAZOP  Building blast resistance - HAZID  Fire & Gas detection - HAZID
20. 20. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Are the following documents used in HAZOP or HAZID?  P&IDs  Cause & Effects  PFDs  Plot Plan  H&MB
21. 21. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Are the following documents used in HAZOP or HAZID?  P&IDs - HAZOP  Cause & Effects - HAZOP  PFDs - HAZID  Plot Plan – HAZID  H&MB - HAZID
22. 22. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Are the following disciplines attending HAZOP, HAZID or both?  Process  Safety  Plant layout
23. 23. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Are the following disciplines attending HAZOP, HAZID or both?  Process - HAZOP  Safety - HAZID  Plant layout - HAZID
24. 24. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The Inspection and Test Plan specifies the extent of Non Destructive Examination and tests. Right or wrong?
25. 25. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The Inspection and Test Plan specifies the extent of Non Destructive Examination and tests. Right or wrong? Wrong, it specifies the attendance -or not- of the Purchaser to these examination and tests. The extent is specified of examination/tests in the code.
26. 26. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz To specify means to define the duty whereas to design is to size. Right or wrong?
27. 27. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz To specify means to define the duty whereas to design is to size. Right or wrong? Right
28. 28. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The material requisition contains  The quantities to be supplied  The technical requirements  The inspection requirements  The list of applicable documents
29. 29. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The material requisition contains  The quantities to be supplied  The technical requirements – Wrong: The technical requirements are contained in the specification(s) and the data sheet. The MR gives the list of the applicable specification(s) and data sheet but does not contain the technical requirements themselves.  The inspection requirements – Wrong: these are found in the spec/code.  The list of applicable documents
30. 30. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition For more information refer to:
31. 31. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition Discipline presentation: activities and deliverables Table of Contents The overall process Methods & tools
32. 32. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide 2nd edition Order direct on the publisher website: http://www.editionstechnip.com/en/catalogue -detail/1111/oil-gas-engineering-guide-the.html
33. 33. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which discipline defines the diameter of lines?
34. 34. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which discipline defines the diameter of lines? Process
35. 35. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Not endorsed data and rely-upon data mean the same thing. Right or Wrong?
36. 36. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Not endorsed data and rely-upon data mean the same thing. Right or Wrong? Right. It means the Engineer is not responsible for this data. If it changes, the Engineer is entitled to a change order.
37. 37. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz On an typical large EPC Project of 3 year duration, the IFC P&IDs are usually issued at which month of the Project?  Month 6  Month 9  Month 12  Month 15  Month 18
38. 38. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz On an typical large EPC Project of 3 year duration, the IFC P&IDs are usually issued at which month of the Project?  Month 6  Month 9  Month 12  Month 15  Month 18
39. 39. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which discipline defines the wall thickness of lines?
40. 40. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Which discipline defines the wall thickness of lines? Piping
41. 41. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz As per the piping code for oil & gas plants (ASME/ANSI B31.3), the wall thickness of a line  Is proportional to the line diameter  Is proportional to the square of the line diameter  Is proportionally to the line pressure  Is proportionally to the square of the line pressure  Depends on the manufacturing process of the line pipe
42. 42. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz As per the piping code for oil & gas plants (ASME/ANSI B31.3), the wall thickness of a line  Is proportional to the line diameter  Is proportional to the square of the line diameter  Is proportionally to the line pressure  Is proportionally to the square of the line pressure  Depends on the manufacturing process of the line pipe: w.t. of seamless pipe is less than that of welded pipe
43. 43. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The essential electrical power consumers are defined by  Safety  Electrical  Process
44. 44. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The essential electrical power consumers are defined by  Safety  Electrical  Process: they are the consumers to which backed-up (diesel) power shall be supplied
45. 45. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz This question relates to the respective roles within the Engineering personnel. The question is: The designer performs the calculations and the Engineer checks them. Right or wrong?
46. 46. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz This question relates to the respective roles within the Engineering personnel. The question is: The designer performs the calculations and the Engineer checks them. Wrong, calculations are done by Engineers.
47. 47. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Carbon steel withstands temperature down to:  -46°C  -29°C  -20°C  0°C
48. 48. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Carbon steel withstands temperature down to:  -46°C  -29°C  -20°C  0°C
49. 49. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz For each of the following equipment, does Engineering specify of design?  Heat exchangers  Rotating equipment  Packages  Pressure Vessels  Boilers  Fired Equipment
50. 50. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz For each of the following equipment, does Engineering specify of design?  Heat exchangers – design shell & tubes, specifies other types  Rotating equipment - specifies  Packages - specifies  Pressure Vessels - designs  Boilers - specifies  Fired Equipment - specifies
51. 51. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz What is the governing factor that determine the strength of pipe-rack?  Number and size of supported pipes  Wind
52. 52. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz What is the governing factor that determine the strength of pipe-rack?  Number and size of supported pipes  Wind, as wind exercises horizontal loads, which have much more impact on the design than vertical loads
53. 53. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz What is the governing factor for the sizing of steel members of pipe- racks/structures?  Steel yield strength  Structure deflection
54. 54. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz What is the governing factor for the sizing of steel members of pipe- racks/structures?  Steel yield strength  Structure deflection
55. 55. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The following is adjusted at Site during commissioning/Start-Up  Settings of controllers  Settings of alarms  Setting of trips
56. 56. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The following is adjusted at Site during commissioning/Start-Up  Settings of controllers  Settings of alarms  Setting of trips
57. 57. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The P&ID review entails:  checking that the needed alarms and trips are provided  checking that the required equipment and valves isolations are provided  checking that the drains, vents are provided  checking versus similar equipment/unit P&ID  checking the adequacy of the equipment design pressure and temperature  checking the allocation of piping class and insulation type
58. 58. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The P&ID review entails:  checking that the needed alarms and trips are there  checking that the required equipment and valves isolations are provided  checking that the drains, vents are provided  checking versus similar equipment/unit P&ID  checking the adequacy of the equipment design pressure and temperature  checking the allocation of piping class and insulation type
59. 59. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Piping (ASME) flanges exist up to  16” and 2500 lbs ?  24” and 2500 lbs?  36” and 1500 lbs?  48” and 1500 lbs?
60. 60. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Piping (ASME) flanges exist up to  16” and 2500 lbs, above that hubs (see picture) have to be used  24” and 2500 lbs?  36” and 1500 lbs?  48” and 1500 lbs?
61. 61. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Instrumentation discipline is split in 3 specialties:  Field instrumentation  Systems  Installation Right or Wrong?
62. 62. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Instrumentation discipline is split in 3 specialties:  Field instrumentation  Systems  Installation Right
63. 63. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Stress calculations are required for:  large diameter lines  thick lines  lines subject to high temperature  lines connected to rotating equipment
64. 64. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Stress calculations are required for all the types listed!  large diameter lines  thick lines  lines subject to high temperature  lines connected to rotating equipment
65. 65. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The NDE requirements for a pressure vessel are specified in:  The engineering specification  The engineering data sheet  The engineering requisition  The code
66. 66. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The NDE requirements for a pressure vessel are specified in:  The engineering specification  The engineering data sheet  The engineering requisition  The code
67. 67. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The wall thickness of lines is indicated on which of the following engineering document(s)?  the P&ID  the line list  the piping class specification  the isometric drawing
68. 68. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The wall thickness of lines is indicated on which of the following engineering document(s)?  the P&ID  the line list  the piping class specification – not for large diameters for which the w.t. is calculated with the line design pressure!  the isometric drawing
69. 69. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Electrical discipline is split in 2 specialties:  Medium Voltage (MV)  Low voltage (LV), lighting and small power Right or Wrong?
70. 70. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Electrical discipline is split in 2 specialties:  Medium Voltage (MV)  Low voltage (LV), lighting and small power Wrong
71. 71. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Piping routing drawings are produced at FEED stage. Right or Wrong?
72. 72. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Piping routing drawings are produced at FEED stage. Right or Wrong? Right, but for main process lines only. This is where the money is. Remember that the purpose of q FEED is to estimate the cost – and allow EPC contractors to bid.
73. 73. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Engineering is a  Linear  Iterative Process?
74. 74. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Engineering is a  Linear  Iterative: documents undergo revisions as design develops Process?
75. 75. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The following documents contain redundant information  P&ID and line list  Process Data Sheet and consumers list  Process Data sheet and Mechanical Data Sheet  P&ID and instrument list  Heat & Material Balance and Process Data Sheet  All of the above
76. 76. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The following documents contain redundant information  P&ID and line list: line numbers, piping class  Process Data Sheet and consumers list: power consumption  Process Data sheet and Mechanical Data Sheet: design pressure/temp  P&ID and instrument list: instrument numbers  Heat & Material Balance and Process Data Sheet: flowrate, operating conditions  All of the above
77. 77. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The design and construction code applied in the Oil & Gas industry for pressure vessels is  ASME VIII  API 5L  ANSI B31.3  ASME I
78. 78. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz The design and construction code applied in the Oil & Gas industry for pressure vessels is  ASME VIII  API 5L  ANSI B31.3  ASME I
79. 79. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Post Weld Heat treatment is specified by Piping and Pressure Vessel codes above a certain  Temperature  Pressure  Wall thickness
80. 80. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Quiz Post Weld Heat treatment is specified by Piping and Pressure Vessel codes above a certain  Temperature  Pressure  Wall thickness: above 19.7mm for piping (ANSI B31.3) and above 38mm for pressure vessels ordinary carbon steel plates (ASME VIII div. 1)
81. 81. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition For more information refer to:
82. 82. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide - 2nd edition Discipline presentation: activities and deliverables Table of Contents The overall process Methods & tools
84. 84. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The work of each Engineering discipline is described
85. 85. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron Design activities are explained, e.g., Plant Equipment layout
86. 86. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron Complex activities, such as QRA, are explained through a practical example.
87. 87. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron How are materials of construction selected ?
88. 88. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron How and when are Piping Materials ordered?
89. 89. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron A sample of all common Engineering documents is included
90. 90. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron A sample of all common Engineering documents is included Use this to specify what you want to your Engineering supplier !
91. 91. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron Verify the contents of engineering documents with check lists.
92. 92. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron Difference between Engineering and Shop drawings
93. 93. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron Understand the main technical aspects, e.g., DCS vs ESD
94. 94. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The common 2 types of package control
95. 95. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The different Plant drainage systems
96. 96. HERVE BARON ©2013–HervéBaron The dynamic forces to which an Off-Shore Plant is subject