STATISTICS 4 out of 10 employees state that their jobs are "very" or "extremely" stressful Those in high stress jobs are 3 times more likely to suffer from medical conditions.
S TATISTICS – CONTD. Women, in particular, report stress related to conflict between work and family. (National Life Insurance company) 75 – 90 % of physician visits are related to stress and, according to the American Institute of Stress.
W OMAN ’ S C HANGING R OLEIn years past, a woman’s decision to work outside herhome was usually based on three factors: Marital status, Contributions from other family members (husband’s salary), ChildrenA married woman with children nearly always workedonly at home.
C URRENT S CENE Women enjoy the sense of competence Contribute financially to their families Men face less stress when not pressured to be the family’s sole provider
C URRENT SCENE ( CONTD.) In 1960, 1/3rd women with children were employed outside the home. In 2003, 60.7 % of mothers in two-parent families were employed. 4 out of 5 Americans say it’s fine for a married woman to work even though her husband makes enough money to support the family.
C HANGING OCCUPATIONS Women’s occupations are also changing as they move into careers previously dominated by males Fill approximately 1/3rd of management positions However, remain in jobs with little authority and low pay.
R ESULT :M ORE COMPLEX FAMILY LIFE Challenge of balancing responsibilities in both the family and work areas The ones who feel they aren’t very successful in balancing family and work is highest between the ages of 30 to 39.
S UPERWOMAN ’ S LEGACY Marian Thomas writes: "The good news is superwoman is dead. The bad news is she left behind an entire generation of women who are still struggling to figure out how to balance home and work.”
C OMMON C ONCERNS …. “How can I work and have time with my partner or for myself and be available for the kids and get the shopping done and find time to mop the kitchen floor, not to mention relationships, Masjid, kids games?” Approximately 95 percent of adults in a national survey reported they are concerned work takes too much time away from their families.
FAMILY AND WORK SETTINGSHAVE A BUILT- IN POTENTIALFOR CONFLICT. You may feel overwhelmed with the demands at work and at home. You may feel little energy or time to do all the things you are required to do You may feel you have no time for yourself.
C ONFLICTS IN WORK - FAMILYBALANCE Time conflicts Conflict due to tension between roles Behavioral conflicts
E CONOMIC AND D EMOGRAPHIC CONTEXTEconomic context Demographic context Globalization of markets Aging population Market competition Low birth rate Mass entry of women into labour “Sandwich generation” market Tertiarization of the economy
W ORK AND SOCIAL CONTEXTWork context Social context Increased use of technology Increase in atypical jobs and work schedules Few measures to facilitate work- family reconciliation Work intensification
THEORETICALFRAMEWORK OF ANALYSIS Work-family balance Time conflicts Conflict due to tension between roles Behavioural conflicts
I MPACT ON FAMILY, WORK & H EALTHImpact on family Impact on work Impact on health Stress, burnout, fatigue, Decreased socialization Reduced work satisfaction tension and depression Deterioration of lifestyle Absenteeism Migraines, practices (food, exercise, etc.) Adaptation problems Employee turnover Cardiovascular diseases Reduced marital satisfaction Demotivation Obesity Increased health care costs Reduced ability to transmit Increase in number of single values, culture parents Diversification of families Dual-earner families Social isolation
FAMILY AND WORK ENVIRONMENTS INFLUENCE EACH OTHER . Positive and negative feelings go with you to work and to home.
B ALANCE BETWEEN WORK AND FAMILY SETTINGS WILL MINIMIZE STRESS . Reach Family Goals Plan Family Activities
R EALISTICALLY E VALUATEY OUR E MPLOYMENTD ECISION Calculate how much the decision to work Will you receive will cost in time for Do you need to health family, child- work full-time? care, retirement, and care, clothing and vacation benefits? dry cleaning, and household chores.
O RGANIZE FAMILYA CTIVITIES Set priorities for the family. Plan Ahead for Be the Next Realistic Day
I SLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON WORKING WOMENAllah Almighty says (what means): “And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance…” [Quran 33: 33]
M USLIM WOMEN IN H ISTORYScholars and Orators and WorshippersMuhaddithat Preachers Women of General Benefactors Warriors ExcellencePoetesses and Many Women Women of of Political Eloquence Acumen
KHADIJAH (RA): THE ARCHETYPE Esteemed Counselor The First of the Believers Wealth and StatusFamilyandCharacter
WARRIOR WOMENTook part in battles by carryingwater, nursing wounded, some alsofought! Safiyya bint Abdul Muttalib, saw aunt killed a spy with a tent pole Khaibar & Umayyah bint Qais & the women of Banu Ghifaar The Yarmuk contingent Azdah bint al Harith: Heroine of Battle of Maisaan - banners made out of headscarves to reinforce the army!
N USAIBAH BINT K A ’ B AL - A NSARIYAHAl-’AqabahThe Battle of UhudThe Prophet’s (saw)Praise - ‘I did not turn right or left in the Battleof Uhud but that I saw her fighting near me.’Her WoundsLater Events: Ridwaan & Yamaamah
WOMEN OF P OWER The number of women who were politically prominent are well over a hundred: Umayyads, Abbasids, Turks, Persians, Mongols, Indians, and others. Shajar ad-Durr • Sultana est control over Egypt, led resistance against 7th Crusade, captures leader St. Louis Shaghab • ruled Abbasid empire for a time, helped public audiences, governors and judges reported to her Radiyah Begum • ruled Delhi took firm control of the gov’t., did justice, led her armies and was famed for fair dealing. Two Rulers in Modern Times: • Sakandar Begum took authority in the principality of Bhopal in Central India- Great pilgrimage 1863 daughter ruled until 1901
S OME G ENERALIZATIONS A BOUT W OMEN IN THE P ROPHETIC A GE Critical Women and Women at CounselorsConsciousness the Hijaab Work Rich, Mature, Women and Facility of Helpful, Dynamic Knowledgeable Movement Honorable Participation Lives
I SLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON WORKING WOMEN Most important role is motherhood
I SLAMIC G UIDELINES FOR WORKMust Obtain Husband’s ConsentMust ensure full care for Home and ChildrenAppropriate choice for EmploymentMust not compromise Islamic ObligationsMust maintain Modesty
1. M UST O BTAINH USBAND ’ S C ONSENT First, she must obtain consent from her guardian or husband (if married), who may offer a broader perspective on how her work may influence the family and its functioning.
2. M UST E NSURE F ULL CARE FOR H OME AND C HILDREN Secondly, a woman must ensure that her home and children are properly cared for. Her husband may be of assistance in this area, or outside help may be employed.
3. A PPROPRIATE CHOICE OF EMPLOYMENT Thirdly, care must be taken to choose employment that is appropriate and fits with her skills.
4. M UST NOT COMPROMISE I SLAMIC O BLIGATIONS Fourthly, any job that prevents her from fulfilling any of her Islamic obligations, is not an option to be considered.
5. M UST MAINTAIN M ODESTY Fifthly, while atthe job, a womanmust maintain her inwardly and outwardly modesty and chastity.
M USLIM WOMEN AND KNOWLEDGE From the Transmitters Prophetic = Raawiyaat Period till the Transmitters of Compilations Hadith & Scholars of Hadith Bearing the Light of ‘A’ishahWomen AnEssential ElementFrom the Beginningto the End
T HE C RITICALC ONSCIOUSNESS OF THE C OMPANION WOMEN Education: Obtained Ijazas, attended study circles, taught others, est. institutions Social and Women are the Societal full sisters of Maturity men What made them amazing? Social Full Social and PoliticalContributions Participation Work in and outside the Home