Understanding Psychology to discipline Dr. Kanwal kaisser
Activity…• Recall a time when a student misbehaved in one of your classes. Describe the student’s attitude/actions: How did this behavior affect the teacher, other students, and the learning environment? How did the teacher react to this behavior? Were the teacher’s actions effective in changing the student’s behavior? Explain. Share your recollections with the class.
Normal kids• Not perfect• Don’t do what we think they should do• Not always happy• Don’t talk about everything• Not perfect students• Don’t always behave within rules
• Want to take care of themselves• Have distinct self-identity• Resilient• Proactive• Assertive• Can have fun• Can accept new challenges• Require discipline• Know about personal boundaries
• Assume that others are responsible for themselves• Self-controlled• Honest with themselves• Not easily manipulated• Optimistic & Humorous• Not persistent in doing what someone else wants them to do• Can lead without controlling• Value-guided
We Believe Behavior can be changed Behavior can be taught Behavior can be modeled Behavior reflects basic needsBehavior is non-negotiable in areas of safety and security Behavior has consequences
Behavior that needs to be learned, needs to be taught. .When children are well-trained,it is habit-forming.
Things to Know About BehaviourAll behavior has a purpose. To treat behavior you must know the reason for it. The good student is good for a reason; the student in trouble also misbehaves for a reason. Treating all behavior problems the same won’t work.
Three Variables in Every class Situation Rest of class Proble m student Teacher• The only controllable variable is: The teacher• If the teacher is out of control, the situation is out of control.
What Teachers Should Do• Teachers must have a plan and not just react to behavior.• To change behavior you must first identify the specific characteristics.
Teachers: Reactive vs. ProactiveReactive teachers respond todisruptive behaviors without forethoughtProactive teachers have a plan for dealing with disruptive behaviors
Watch Attitudes and actions of childIn school • Avoids generalization • Helps zero inAt home
Effects of the behaviour Teacher Class mates Parents Learning environment
Vision is necessary• Effective management can prevent the beginning and spread of inappropriate behavior.• Some inappropriate behavior is a symptom of another problem
5 Keys to Changing Behavior Know how to change See others do Have it (be a role opportunities model) to practice The ReceiveWant tochange child support must:
Common mistakesResearch shows that difficult students act out because needs are not being met. Distructive React methods Perpetuates problems
Action plan: Identify Cause Lack of attention Lack of power RevengeLack of self-Confidence
When Students Demand Attention… Student’s reaction Teacher’s to teacher’s response: response: Stop disrupting when giving attention; but Makes you feel will shortly continue annoyed! demanding “more” attention
How do they try to gain attention? Speak without permission Arrive late Make noise Tell bad things
Power issue Open dissentRefusal to follow rules Defiant, Bullies
When Students Need Limits Student’s reactions Teacher’s response: to teacher’s response: Confrontation Make you and refuse to angry! comply! Power Struggles Occur
Revenge Mean, vicious, violentSeek revenge in any way Write on desks Beat up classmates Threaten students
Lack self-Confidence Expect failure Feel they lack abilityPlay and talk when study time
Keep watch on primary needs Hunger Thirst Air Rest Escape from Pain