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Bibliographic paradigm and the digital information resources

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Bibliographic Paradigm and the
Digital Information Resources
Nurhazman Abdul Aziz
Council Member for Information Technolog...

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Introduction
about me
Nurhazman abdul Aziz (Hazman Aziz)
Community Profession (Community Social Responsible)
Elected Counc...

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Introduction
Project Experiences | ‘06 – ‘12

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Bibliographic paradigm and the digital information resources

  1. 1. Bibliographic Paradigm and the Digital Information Resources Nurhazman Abdul Aziz Council Member for Information Technology Committee Library Association of Singapore Librarian (Technology & Systems) Nanyang Technological University
  2. 2. Introduction about me Nurhazman abdul Aziz (Hazman Aziz) Community Profession (Community Social Responsible) Elected Council Member for Information Technology Committee Library Association of Singapore, Singapore Knowledge Technologist (Webmaster) Angakatan Sasterawan’ 50, Singapore - National Art Council (Funded) Social Technologist Various Community Initiative Profession Librarian (Technology & Systems) Nanyang Technological University
  3. 3. Introduction Project Experiences | ‘06 – ‘12
  4. 4. Introduction Background “… over the 5 past years, the roles of a librarian to my perspective is more than just at the reference desk or building digital library. It involves passion, professionalism and practices to make you an experience one. The work of a librarian is beyond the call of duty, where oneself has not only have to look how to understand the flow of information but to create a value in it and experience the immersive in the community And if that librarian is able to deliver, he/she has achieves more than just building a library. But, oneself who brings in life knowledge to the community….” Hazman Aziz Rebranding your profession Brunei Library Association Conference December, 20012
  5. 5. Bibliographic Paradigm
  6. 6. Bibliographic Paradigm Melville Louis Kossuth (Melvil) Dewey An American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification. He worked out a new scheme that superimposed a system of decimal numbers on a structure of knowledge first outlined by Sir Francis Bacon And, many public and school like adopt this system till today.
  7. 7. Building a Digital Information Resources “ …. a challenge to us, librarians today”
  8. 8. Let’s take a look in today’s web
  9. 9. Let’s take a look in today’s web Discography Filmography Webography
  10. 10. Bibliographic Paradigm The bibliographical perspective ". . . bibliography is the discipline that studies texts as recorded forms, and the processes of their transmission, including their production and reception . . . I define 'text' to include verbal, visual, oral, and numeric data . . ." . (McKenzie, 1999: 12).
  11. 11. Today’s Bibliographic Paradigm VSUSERS SYSTEM
  12. 12. Physical Paradigm (System-Oriented Approach) 1. Mechanical, 1. Based on abstract generalizations about information retrieval languages, 2. Reductionist Often, one have the feeling that by "system" is meant "computer system". However, also the bibliographical system have been understood as part of the "systems oriented approach" (c.f., bibliographic paradigm).
  13. 13. Cognitive views (User Views) Cognitive paradigms in LIS are approaches inspired by cognitive psychology and the interdisciplinary field known as cognitive sciences. "That any processing of information, whether perceptual or symbolic, is mediated by a system of categories or concepts which, for the information processing device, are a model of his [its] world" (de Mey, 1977, p. xvi-xvii & 1980, p. 48).
  14. 14. But again, the objective
  15. 15. Enumerative bibliography “… share a common factor: this may be a topic, a language, a period, or a theme. An entry for a book in a bibliography usually contains the following information: 1. author(s) 2. Title 3. Publisher 4. date of publication An entry for a journal or periodical article usually contains: 1. author(s) 2. article title 3. journal title 4. Volume 5. Pages 6. date of publication
  16. 16. Enumerative bibliography A bibliography may be arranged by: 1. author, 2. topic, or 3. some other scheme Annotated bibliographies give descriptions about how each source is useful to an author in constructing a paper or argument. These descriptions, usually a few sentences long, provide a summary of the source and describe its relevance.
  17. 17. What has we done Your Content Management System Platform Your Project: 1. Your library blog/website 2. Your Journal blog/site 3. Your subject blog/site Your social media presence 1 2 3
  18. 18. Building a Meaningful Portal
  19. 19. Yet Viral …
  20. 20. The Open Graph Protocol The Open Graph protocol enables any web page to become a rich object in a social graph. For instance, this is used on Facebook to allow any web page to have the same functionality as any other object on Facebook.
  21. 21. The Open Graph Protocol The Idea Convert the web from a hyperlinks related Documents to related Objectsts Make it a part of the Social Graph Depend on the social connection nested of the links and page ranks
  22. 22. The Open Graph Protocol Add some metadata to your page Facebook generates Admin pages Build your Robot to update them
  23. 23. The famous 3 concept
  24. 24. Key Concept – Actions and Object Title Actions and objects are the building blocks of Open Graph. Actions are the high level social actions users can perform in your app. Objects represent the type of things that users can connect with in your app.
  25. 25. The diagram below illustrates the process: 1.User takes an action in the app, such as "cook" a "recipe“ 2.App calls a Graph API /me/action:object=Object_URL 3.Facebook will crawl the object URL, read its meta tags and connects the object to the user's Graph via the action. ---------------------------------------------------- The Open Graph protocol was originally created at Facebook and is inspired by Dublin Core , link-rel canonical , Microformats , and RDFa . Key Concept – Open Graph Mechanics
  26. 26. Social Channels News Feed and Ticker When an action is published, the activity may appear in their News Feed and friends' News Feeds and will appear in their friends' Ticker.
  27. 27. Social Channels Timeline Timeline represents a user's identity on Facebook.
  28. 28. Social Channels Aggregations and Reports Aggregations are summaries of Open Graph activities which showcase a user's interactions with your app on their Timeline in structured and interesting ways.
  29. 29. Social Channels Timeline Views Timeline Views are app specific views on a user's Timeline.
  30. 30. The Implementation The Open Graph Protocol plugin gives you a lot of flexibility when it comes to generating the required meta tags for these pages.
  31. 31. The Implementation
  32. 32. The Implementation
  33. 33. The Implementation
  34. 34. The Implementation
  35. 35. Conclusion

Editor's Notes

  • The core assumptions in the physical paradigm are according to Ellis: 

    - Mechanical,
    - Based on abstract generalizations about information retrieval languages,
    - Reductionist  ("..the assumption that index languages consisted of amalgams of index language devices meant that index language performance (in terms of the measures of recall and precision) could be directly explained by reference to the combination of use of the different index language device, just as the performance of a mechanical system can be explained with reference to the contributions of the different elements of the system").
  • "It is widely recognized that both individual information needs and institutional information access are socially conditioned. However, conducting information seeking research on a macro-sociological level has turned out to be difficult within the cognitive viewpoint, since it is basically a theory of how individuals process information. The cognitive viewpoint offers no concrete and obvious solutions to the question of how to conceptualize and study the socio-cultural context of information processes. " (Talja, 1997).
  • "It is widely recognized that both individual information needs and institutional information access are socially conditioned. However, conducting information seeking research on a macro-sociological level has turned out to be difficult within the cognitive viewpoint, since it is basically a theory of how individuals process information. The cognitive viewpoint offers no concrete and obvious solutions to the question of how to conceptualize and study the socio-cultural context of information processes. " (Talja, 1997).
  • So what do these spheres mean? Anyone who sells something or provides a service that people use should be looking for as much exposure as they can get on the web. The external data sphere represents human and machine readable data that you’d want everyone to access. One of the primary vehicles gaining popularity on the web is RDFa, a way of utilizing richly annotated HTML to deliver data to machines while retaining the rich visual web human users have become accustomed to. There are also markup techniques like Microdata that do a similar job, allowing us to enrich HTML utilizing semantic vocabularies like GoodRelations to create virtual representations of real world physical objects. Search engines like Yahoo! have been taking advantage of rich data markup techniques for years, and Google has built RDFa, Microdata and Microformats support into their Rich Snippets initiative. The great thing about “front-end” semantic markup techniques is with a little additional knowledge and tools, it allows countless numbers of HTML devs to create a very rich web of data by simply adding data annotations to their HTML, essentially making the entire web an open and queryable database or API for us to extract knowledge from.

    On the other side of the spectrum, most businesses have proprietary or sensitive data that they would not want to expose, but could still utilize internally for business benefits. This is where non human-readable semantic data technologies like RDF/XML would be useful. Companies could build internal apps that query a large amount of data that they posses, but typically don’t utilize. What if I could mash up internal data like product margins, inventory levels, along with store trend data and the “sentiment of the web” and start asking it questions? I can see benefits that touch every aspect of the business, from extremely contextual consumer and associate-facing product recommendation engines to merchandising tools that automatically determine trends and adjust product levels across the enterprise, even down to the region or individual store level, with limited human involvement.
    Combining these external and internal data structures will result in insights — a necessary resource needed by all companies simply to survive in the current extremely competitive landscape. Data-driven insights are device, platform and trend agnostic, meaning they can easily be utilized and deployed to any new app, operating system or device. With the online space rapidly transforming into a “splinternet” of device types and methods for consuming and producing data, a solid base of semantically structured and linked data will be key to the next generation of successful enterprises.
  • http://bub.blicio.us/the-wheels-of-viral-marketing/

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