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Teachers implications on vygotsky theory

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it is suitable for those trainee teachers that took child's development course

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Teachers implications on vygotsky theory

  1. 1. TEACHERS IMPLICATIONS ON VYGOTSKY’S THEORY MUHAMMAD HAZIM BIN MISWAN MUHAMMAD FIRDAUS BIN KHALID
  2. 2. CLASSROOM APLICATIONS • Knowing both levels ofVygotsky’s zone is useful for teachers, for these levels indicate where the child is at a given moment as well as where the child is going. • According toVygotsky, for the curriculum to be developmentally appropriate, the teacher must plan activities that encompass not only what children are capable of doing on their own but what they can learn with the help of others (Karpov & Haywood, 1998). • Teachers can use information about both levels of Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development in organizing classroom activities.
  3. 3. EXAMPLES • Hints and prompts that helped children during the assessment could form the basis of instructional activities. • Cooperative learning activities can be planned with groups of children at different levels who can help each other learn. • Scaffolding (Wood, Bruner, & Ross, 1976) is a tactic for helping the child in his or her zone of proximal development in which the adult provides hints and prompts at different levels. • In a high school laboratory science class, a teacher might provide scaffolding by first giving students detailed guides to carrying out experiments, then giving them brief outlines that they might use to structure experiments, and finally asking them to set up experiments entirely on their own.
  4. 4. Teachers and Social Development Theory with Technology • Technology can be used to facilitate learning within the Zone of Proximal Development(ZPD). • Online activities and projects can encourage the co- operation of students even when not in the classroom. • Teachers can use videos and interactive worksheets to engage their students and assist them through scaffolding.
  5. 5. Teachers and Social Development Theory without Technology • Even without technology, the basic ideas are the same. • Students work better in groups according toVygotsky, so group projects from art all the way to presentations on the latest math systems learned are a great way to get kids learning. • Scaffolding can be done with real world objects and interactions, not just technological ones.
  6. 6. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION • Teachers should emphasis on social interactions. • Teachers should encourage self-talk.
  7. 7. THANK YOU

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