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Learning Theories & ICT 260913


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Learning Theories & ICT 260913

  1. 1. Learning Theories and ICT Prepared for Dr. Simin Ghavifekr Madam Hazline Mahmood (Hazel) PGD 120003 PXGM6106 Information Technology In Educational Management 26th September 2013
  2. 2. PRESENTATION OUTCOMES iscuss Learning Theories & ICT applications ehaviourist Theory ognitive Theory nformation processing onstructivist  define ISD (Instructional System Design) & describe at least one ISD Model
  4. 4. Which Theory used in e-Learning?
  5. 5. BEHAVIOURIST THEORY earning as ‘conditioning’: behaviour as responses to stimuli – an individual responds to a stimulus by behaving in a particular way einforced by reward/punishment & link to motivation: E/I omputer-based ‘instructional’ programmes: learning broken down into small chunks; input - ‘drill-and-practise’; test - feedback elieves : Repetition beneficial/essential Computer doesn’t get bored
  6. 6. COGNITIVE: INFORMATION PROCESS GARDNER’S MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES 1. Visual – Pictures & images 2. Linguistic – Words 3. Logical & Mathematical – Numbers & Reasoning 4. Musical – Tone, Rhythm & Timbre 5. Bodily & Kinaesthetic – Body, Hands 6. Naturalistic – Environment 7. Interpersonal – Social understanding 8. Intrapersonal – Self knowledge
  7. 7. COGNITIVE: CONSTRUCTIVISM (PIAGET) tages of mental development concrete to abstract; sequential; age related) ssimilation (new information fitted into existing mental model) ccommodation (new information modifies the existing mental model)
  8. 8. VYGOTSKY: SOCIAL ‘INTERACTIVISM’/ SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM earning in a socio-cultural environment mportance of language (especially talk or reflection) Significant others’ who are more knowledgeable one of Proximal Development (ZPD) (explore new territory by yourself compared to being shown round by a guide with local knowledge)
  9. 9. Which Theory used in e-Learning?
  10. 10. ICT & LEARNING THEORIES CT may be seen as mediating learning , Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) mpact on roles and relationships: teacher-pupil pupil-teacher pupil-pupil CT shifts the balance of power Emergence of Instructional System Design (ISD)
  11. 11. Instructional System Design(ISD) SD is unique simply because it is both a science and an art. A “science because it is rooted in learning theories… and an art because the designing of instructional materials is a highly creative process”. Moore, Bates & Grundling, 2002, p.71)
  12. 12. ISD- a set of Theories which sorts out Learning Resources so that Learning Outcomes are better achieved and are done so at a faster rate. t answers these questions:- .What occurs during the learning process? .What influence learning? .How does learning facilitated?
  13. 13. ISD MODEL 1:ADDIE
  14. 14. ISD MODEL 2: ASSURE
  15. 15. ISD MODEL 3: SPIRAL
  16. 16. CONCLUSION Basic Learning Theories are: . Behaviorism . Cognitivism nformation Processing onstructivism Almost all e-Learning is based on this theory)