Successfully reported this slideshow.
Activate your 14 day free trial to unlock unlimited reading.
-is derived from the Greek word “RES” which
means real which further is related to object.
-is an attempt to portray life as it is.
-the world is real and material.
-considered as an educational philosophy
which advocates that education should be
concerned with the realities of life and should
prepare a person for his/her duties in life.
• “ Realism is the reinforcement of our common
acceptance of this world as it appears to us.” -
• “ The doctrine of realism asserts that there is a
real world of things behind and corresponding
to the objects of our perception ”– Ross
• Realism means a belief or theory which looks
upon the world as it seems to be a mere
phenomenon.” -Swami Ram Tirth.
Forms of Realism in Education
Aimed to secure a knowledge of human
society and its institutions of nature and
man’s reactions to nature, chiefly through the
content and not the form of classics.
According to John Milton education must
prepare one for life in the real world.
Francois Rabelais was known for his idea that
education is gained through books, though
emphasis should be on the mastery of their
content and their actual use in one’s life.
According to him, education should be
attractive rather than compulsive.
It criticized bookish knowledge & emphasized
on practical knowledge. Its aim is to fulfill
social needs ,social efficiency which is the
result of practical knowledge. Which can be
tours, excursions, observations, experiences
“ The social realist, looking askance of
bookish studies stressed the values of direct
studies of men & things in mind, having chiefly
the upper classes ;they advocate a period of
travel, a grand tour which will give real
experience of varied aspects of life.” -J.S.Ross
-he believe that ideas are acquired through
interactions with other people, first in one’s own
country then while on travels to other countries.
-according to him, the aim of education is
not produce scholars and professionals but to
prepare a young boy to live the life of a
gentleman in the world of affairs.
"A boy should not so much memorize his
lesson as practice it. Let him repeat it in his
It came into being in the 17th century according to
which knowledge can be gained through our senses.
Inductive method, from simplest ideas to the more
The medium of education should be mother tongue
or dialect used in ancient times.
It is developed on the psychological, scientific, and
Method of teaching should be natural
According to Comenius, the aim of knowledge is to
make a child moral, knowledgeable, and a devotee.
Realism and aims of Education
Preparing the child for a happy and successful
Emphasis on training on senses.
Preparing a child for a real life.
Equal importance to individuality and sociability.
Developing scientific attitude.
Realism and Curriculum
According to realists only those subjects
should included in the curriculum which
prepare the child for day to day living
Realist emphasized prime importance to
nature, science and vocational subjects
whereas secondary place to arts, literature and
At the same time they have made clear that
teaching of mother tongue is the foundation of
all the development and vocational subjects.
Hence the essential subjects in the curriculum
should be language and vocational subjects.
Realism and Teacher
The teacher according to realist, is expected to
have full knowledge of the content and needs of
It is the duty of the teacher to tell children about
scientific discoveries, researches and inventions
by others in the field of knowledge.
The teacher himself should also be engaged in
some research work and experimentation. At the
same time he must inspire the children to
undertake wide and close observation and
experimentation so that they are able to find out
the new facts.
Realism and the child
According to Realist, the child will have to be
enabled to proceed from ignorance to knowledge
& to beget the knowledge of the real.
Unlike naturalist & idealist, the realist want to
educate a child how to become a man that he can
face the real challenges of life.
Disadvantage of Realism
Great stress upon physical world.
Realism accepts real needs and real feelings only. It
doesn’t believe in imagination and sentiments.
Realism emphasizes on scientific subjects and
neglects art and literature. This creates imbalanced
Doesn’t give any importance to ideals and values.
Fails to answer illusion and faulty knowledge.