Chapter 2 :To Search and to Scan Web searching in the world of e-books From  Curtis J. Bonk’s  “ The World is Open ” Summa...
<ul><li>Network bandwidth, computer storage, and processing  costs  have dropped. </li></ul>Network  bandwidth , computer ...
Supercomputer speed (measured in floating point operations per second or flops) <ul><li>1980’s – Gigaflops </li></ul><ul><...
The convergence of bandwidth, storage, and processing speed has fueled the uploading of content onto the Web.  <ul><li>Ban...
Educators can now make more resources available online, and this leads to … <ul><li>Niche learning opportunities  where sc...
As more and more information can be found and extracted quickly from the Web, memorizing information is now much less impo...
Knowledge on the Web <ul><li>The Web of today provides the foundation for the production and dissemination of knowledge. <...
Digitization <ul><li>The digitization of knowledge on the Web has reduced the time between production to the consumption o...
About to be “Google-ized” <ul><li>We spend a lot of time each day searching for information, but much of what we find is i...
Google’s Mission <ul><li>“ To organize all the world’s knowledge and to make it accessible and useful.” </li></ul><ul><li>...
Redefining  intelligence <ul><li>Technology such as Google’s will change the defining feature of an intelligent person fro...
Learning = Access <ul><li>With the  enormous  amount of information that will be made available by Web search engines,  le...
The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>This is a  mind-boggling project  that aims to bring the informat...
The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>Not everyone is happy though. </li></ul><ul><li>The  publishing i...
The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>There are also  quality concerns  related to this scanning projec...
The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>“ Scanning the great libraries is a wonderful idea, but if only o...
Microsoft Live Search  Books <ul><li>The Microsoft Live Search Books project scanned 750 000 books before it was terminate...
Open Content Alliance (OCA) ( http://www.opencontentalliance.org/ ) Provides access to scanned books and multimedia conten...
The Open Library ( http://openlibrary.org/) <ul><li>This is the digital card catalog for the OCA and other similar project...
The Global Text Project  ( http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu) <ul><li>Aims to develop  more than a thousand free open-source...
The One Million Book Project (http://www.ulib.org/) <ul><li>This is a project by Carnegie Mellon University that  aims to ...
“ Blowing Dandelions” <ul><li>“ If you blow your works into the Net like a dandelion clock on the breeze, the Net itself w...
<ul><li>Some authors who have embraced this idea: </li></ul><ul><li>Terry Anderson  – his “Theory and Practice of Online L...
“ Blowing Dandelions” <ul><li>What do these authors get from providing free downloads of their works? </li></ul><ul><li>In...
The end of the beginning … <ul><li>Filling the Web with a vast amount of knowledge is  just the first step . What is the p...
<ul><li>Thank You. </li></ul>
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HMID6303 Assignment 1 - Yeap

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A summary of Chapter 2 of Curtis J. Bonk's book "The World Is Open"

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HMID6303 Assignment 1 - Yeap

  1. 1. Chapter 2 :To Search and to Scan Web searching in the world of e-books From Curtis J. Bonk’s “ The World is Open ” Summarized by Yeap Hock Aun OUM-MIDT Penang, Malaysia. February 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>Network bandwidth, computer storage, and processing costs have dropped. </li></ul>Network bandwidth , computer storage capacity , and processing speed have soared From teraflops to petaflops … do you have a supercomputer on your desk?
  3. 3. Supercomputer speed (measured in floating point operations per second or flops) <ul><li>1980’s – Gigaflops </li></ul><ul><li>1990’s – Teraflops </li></ul><ul><li>2000’s – Petaflops </li></ul><ul><li>2009 – 1.759 Petaflops (Cray Jaguar) </li></ul><ul><li>What this means is that you are now probably reading this on the equivalent of a 1980’s supercomputer! </li></ul>
  4. 4. The convergence of bandwidth, storage, and processing speed has fueled the uploading of content onto the Web. <ul><li>Bandwidth </li></ul>Storage Processing speed Online Content
  5. 5. Educators can now make more resources available online, and this leads to … <ul><li>Niche learning opportunities where schools are not limited to a finite number of courses and a predetermined list of resources, and where students can pursue their passions . </li></ul><ul><li>Learning 2.0 – a life filled with options, choice, flexibility, and openness in education. </li></ul><ul><li>(John Seely Brown) </li></ul>
  6. 6. As more and more information can be found and extracted quickly from the Web, memorizing information is now much less important than knowing how to access information. Elliot Masie calls this “ Fingertip knowledge ”.
  7. 7. Knowledge on the Web <ul><li>The Web of today provides the foundation for the production and dissemination of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Web search tools such as Yahoo! , Google , and MSN Search can expand and organize our educational quests. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Digitization <ul><li>The digitization of knowledge on the Web has reduced the time between production to the consumption of knowledge to mere milliseconds. </li></ul><ul><li>Digitization could make every idea in every book in existence available for educational and noneducational use. </li></ul><ul><li>( Dr. Brian J. Ford ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. About to be “Google-ized” <ul><li>We spend a lot of time each day searching for information, but much of what we find is irrelevant to our needs and interests. </li></ul><ul><li>A better way to learning is to provide knowledge when it is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is shifting from acquiring and assessing knowledge to searching and finding knowledge, and companies such as Google will provide the tools and guide us in doing this . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Google’s Mission <ul><li>“ To organize all the world’s knowledge and to make it accessible and useful.” </li></ul><ul><li>This might have sounded ridiculous even ten years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Today it just might be plausible . </li></ul><ul><li>In the near future, it will be reality . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Redefining intelligence <ul><li>Technology such as Google’s will change the defining feature of an intelligent person from one having a lot of knowledge in one’s head to one who has the skills in problem finding and solving, information synthesis, knowledge collaboration, originality, and critical analysis. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Learning = Access <ul><li>With the enormous amount of information that will be made available by Web search engines, learning will be increasingly equated with access to information . </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>This is a mind-boggling project that aims to bring the information contained in all the world’s books to our homes via the Web. </li></ul><ul><li>Google will scan millions of books provided by partners such as the University of California (UC), Stanford, Harvard, Oxford, and the New York Public Library. </li></ul><ul><li>UC alone will provide 2.5 million books ! </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>Not everyone is happy though. </li></ul><ul><li>The publishing industry has threatened lawsuits against Google. </li></ul><ul><li>The US government is looking closely at the legal implications… </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>There are also quality concerns related to this scanning project. For example, in some scanned online books, the hands of the person who scanned the book can be seen! </li></ul>Source: http://www.techcrunch.com/2007/12/06/google-books-adds-hand-scans/
  16. 16. The Great Google Scanning Project @ Google Books <ul><li>“ Scanning the great libraries is a wonderful idea, but if only one corporation controls access to this digital collection, we’ll have handed too much control to a private entity.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Brewster Kahle ) </li></ul><ul><li>Fortunately for us all, the Internet is about choice , and so Google has competition … </li></ul>
  17. 17. Microsoft Live Search Books <ul><li>The Microsoft Live Search Books project scanned 750 000 books before it was terminated in May 2008. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Open Content Alliance (OCA) ( http://www.opencontentalliance.org/ ) Provides access to scanned books and multimedia content. Its goal: to have a representative collection of the “creative output of humankind.”
  19. 19. The Open Library ( http://openlibrary.org/) <ul><li>This is the digital card catalog for the OCA and other similar projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Embraces Web 2.0 technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Records the discussions and reviews of its users in a free, fully open, and comprehensive archive. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Global Text Project ( http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu) <ul><li>Aims to develop more than a thousand free open-source digital textbooks for learners in Third World countries who cannot afford to buy paper-based books or cannot access books that they need. </li></ul><ul><li>It focuses on business, science, and technology books. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The One Million Book Project (http://www.ulib.org/) <ul><li>This is a project by Carnegie Mellon University that aims to foster creativity by providing free access to all human knowledge . </li></ul><ul><li>It has scanned 1.5 million books (a change of project title required?) and made them available on the Web. </li></ul>
  22. 22. “ Blowing Dandelions” <ul><li>“ If you blow your works into the Net like a dandelion clock on the breeze, the Net itself will take care of the copying costs.” ( Cory Doctorow ) </li></ul><ul><li>This statement illustrates the belief of some authors that information should be copied and distributed , not copyrighted and protected. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Some authors who have embraced this idea: </li></ul><ul><li>Terry Anderson – his “Theory and Practice of Online Learning” is available for free on the Web. </li></ul><ul><li>Cory Doctorow – wrote the book “Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom” which is available both in print and as a free download. </li></ul>“ Blowing Dandelions”
  24. 24. “ Blowing Dandelions” <ul><li>What do these authors get from providing free downloads of their works? </li></ul><ul><li>Increased audience – which leads to increased publicity and enhanced reputation. </li></ul><ul><li>Their readers tend to form loyal relationships with them. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above helps to increase the authors influence in their field of expertise. </li></ul>
  25. 25. The end of the beginning … <ul><li>Filling the Web with a vast amount of knowledge is just the first step . What is the point of all that knowledge on the Web if few people can reach it and use it effectively? </li></ul><ul><li>We need to provide access to people who have limited technology infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>We must design creative and educationally beneficial uses of our information technologies. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Thank You. </li></ul>

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