THEORY OFKNOWLEDGETHE ARTS“Art is what you can get away with.” AndyWarhol
Objectives To appreciate possible definitions and descriptions of the central characteristics of the arts To understand some of the changes in artistic expression through human history
Why Art? “The supreme goal of man “I must study politics and is to fulfill himself as a war so that my sons may creative, unique individual have liberty to study according to his own mathematics and unique potentialities and philosophy. My sons ought within the limits of reality.” to study mathematics, Carl Jung philosophy, geography, naval architecture, navigation, commerce and agriculture in order to give their children a right to study painting, poetry, music, architecture, statuary, tapestry and porcelain.” John Adams
Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsWhere does art fit in this?What’s more important—the top of the pyramid or the bottom?
What is art? “El arte es una mentira que nos acerca a la verdad.” Pablo Picasso
What is art? “Art is a lie that brings us nearer to the truth.” Pablo Picasso
What is art? How do we want to answer this question Empirical issue: What sort of things are called art? How and in what context do people use the word art? This question is answered by a description of the world Judgment issue: What sort of things should we call art? This answer requires a judgment and the answer will vary depending of how we think the world should be. How is the difficulty in judging what is art, or the quality of a work of art, different from judging a theory in science?
Why do art?First things first…If something is a work of art then it shouldfulfill the purpose of art—but what is thatpurpose?As a group, and before going on,brainstorm a list of reasons that art iscreated—both in the present and in the past
What is the purpose of art? Art is a way of expressing emotion Think for a moment of a time when art evoked some sort of emotional response from you (anger, awe, fear, etc...) Now think of a time that you experienced a different sort of emotion as a result of art. Briefly describe these experiences. If the purpose of art is to evoke emotion, then what are the best forms of art? Is the emotional theory of the purpose of art a complete answer to the question, what is the
What is the purpose of art? Art’s purpose is to imitate nature or the world The mimetic theory of art What form of art creates the most realistic versions of reality? Does this art always tell the truth? Do artists strive to capture reality? What role does nature play in abstract art? Is the mimetic theory for the purpose of art a complete answer to the question?
Photography and Reality http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5254838.stm
Art and Moral Awareness “We have never lived “There is no such enough. Our experience thing as a moral or is, without fiction, to confined and too parochial. an immoral book. Literature extends it, Books are well making us reflect and feel about what might written or badly otherwise be too distant for feeling. The importance of written. That is all.” this for both morals and politics cannot be Oscar Wilde underestimated.” Martha Nussbaum
What is the purpose of art? The purpose of art is to teach us what is right. When have you experienced art that has affected your moral outlook? Why did it do so? Art can make statements in a powerful way. Is art a language? Art which broadens our experience must also inform our understanding of how we should live. Do you agree with that statement?