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Chapter summaries (1 12)


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Chapter summaries (1 12)

  1. 1. Denise HawkesSlsChapter One SummaryThis chapter was how about your first time in college. The sections discussed topics likeyou want out of college, you can explore you’re learning in college and throughout life.This can promote your success for your future. Using the three thinking skills, analytical,creative and practical thinking will provide a new view of your skills and potential as astudent. There were didn’t cases with college students who had personal issues with lifeand school this chapter provided information to show us how to think and solveproblems.Some cases are facts some were fiction. There were also in chapter content andstudent profiles that illustrate growth mindset and thoughtful, emotionally intelligentchoices. Learn from your failure was also a topic in this chapter, one of the messagesabout this topic was failure approached with a growth mindset can spark motivation,showing you what you can do better this will drive you to improve.I found key four very helpful in this chapter. It was a pyramid that showed the differentlevel of basics for success there are seven levels I’ll start from the bottom 7. Attendclass on time with a positive attitude. 6. Read assigned material before it is discussed inclass. 5. Listen attentively, take notes, and participate in discussions, 4. Completeassignments on schedule, 3.Study for exams, 2. Seek help when needed, 1. Towardgraduation. These were tips that were given in chapter one to help some collegestudents stay focus in order to get closer to their success.
  2. 2. Denise HawkesSlsChapter Two SummaryThis chapter talked about values, goals and time. Which is a very important topic in allcollege students life. Most of us work one job or two. Some of us have kids or a familywe have to take care of, so when it comes to school our values, goals and time may bean issue when it comes to staying focus and on top of class assignments. Values talkedabout why it’s important to know what you value and how important it is for you to knowwhat’s important about your future career and what’s not important. There were fourimportant topics that were given. 1. Understand what you want out of life. 2. Choosehow to use your valuable time. 3. Build rules for life. 4. Find people who inspire you.Goals talked about short term and long term goals. Setting up a SMART goalachievement plan can be very helpful. The SMART system to make your goals specific,Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and linked to a Time Frame. 1. Define a realistic andachievable goal. 2. Define a specific path. 3. Link to a time frame. 4. Measure yourprogress. 5. Get unstuck.Time talked about identifying your time profile and preferences, building a schedule,keeping track of events and commitments (this particular topic is a very hard issue forme because of my busy schedule) Scheduling tasks and activities that support yourvalues and goals. Make a to do list and prioritize. Plan a track had a few tips that werehelpful as well: 1. Plan regularly 2. Actively manage your schedule 3. Use monthly andyearly calendars at home. 4. Work to stay motivated. 5. Avoid time traps. 6. Scheduledowntime.
  3. 3. Denise HawkesSlsChapter Three Summary Learning how to learn was about learning what works for you as you go throughcollege. Some students may lean better in study groups others may learn better throughonline classes many prefer to be in the classroom to get hands on experience like me.Learning style is a particular way in which the mind receives and process information.Potential is the abilities that may be developed. Intelligence is the ability to solveproblems or create products that are of values in a culture.One of the topics was Classroom choices one of the questions was; what can you dowhen your preferences don’t match up with how your instructor teaches. Threesuggestions were 1. Play to your strengths. 2. Work to strength weaker areas. 3. Askyour instructor for help. This tip is especially important because when there are largelectures and your unknown to the instructor unless you speak up they’ll never know ifyou need help or if you understand if you never say anything.
  4. 4. Denise HawkesSlsChapter FourCritical, Creative and Practical thinking chapter discussed a lot of different topics suchas Gathering information 1. Review the assignment terms you note two importantitems. 2. At the library and online you can find thousands of articles in this topic area. 3.Examining the summaries of six comprehensive articles leads you to three in depthsources. Break information into parts 1. Separate the ideas 2. Identify the evidence.Another topic was improving your creative thinking skills brainstorming. Take a new anddifferent look challenge assumptions shift your perspective ask the what if questions.Set the stage for creativity, choose or create environments that free your mind. Becurious. Give yourself time to sit with a question. Take risks go against establishedideas. Let mistakes be okay.All the topics and information in this chapter helps you improve your three differentthinking skills. Solving problems keeping your balance and making your decisions arenot only apart of college life but it’s also used in your everyday life as well.
  5. 5. Denise HawkesSlsChapter FiveThis chapter is about reading comprehension. There are a lot of techniques thatcollege students can use in order to help them understand what they are reading.Those techniques are: Define your reading purpose, Take active and positive approach,Choose the right setting, Learn to concentrate and Expand your vocabulary. There isalso something called SQ3R which stands for Survey, Questions, Read, Recite, andReview. This technique helps readers take in, understand and remember what theyread.What Strategies help with specific subjects and formats? Math and science. You haveto interact with math material actively through writing. Pay attention to formulas, usememory strategies to learn science. . Social science and humanities prepare you to bea well-rounded person, able and ready to fulfill your responsibilities to yourself, yourfamily, and a free democracy. Look at the themes as you read, even if they are notspelled out. think critically will help you maximize learning and understanding as youask questions about what you read.
  6. 6. Denise HawkesSlsChapter Six:Listening and Note Taking was the best chapter to me. I feel that I learned a lot ofstrategies that I know for sure that I will use in my everyday life. Knowing the stages oflistening was about four listening stages which are: Sensation, Interpretation,Evaluation, Reaction. With these four stages anyone can become a better listener bylearning to recognize and manage listening challenges and becoming actively involvedwith the material.Also becoming an active listener, Manage listening challenges were topics discussed inthis chapter. When it comes to Managing listening challenges there are five fixablethings to help you which are: Focusing, Have an I can do it attitude, Recognize andcorrect your patterns, Get help, and take a proactive approach to understanding.There are also note taking skills advice in this chapter, some of those tips are: Beingprepared, Preview your reading material, Review what you know, Set up yourenvironment, Gather support and choose the best note taking systems. Record infoeffectively during class, Review and revise, Take notes from the texts in the book anduse the Cornell T-note system.
  7. 7. Denise HawkesSlsChapter SevenWhen it comes to memory a lot of people have a hard time knowing exactly what theywrote, or even what was told to them five minutes ago. This chapter talked about shortterm, long term memory and sensory registers. Most people including me wants to knowwhy we forget things what is it in our mind that makes us forget. In this chapter thattopic was explained it’s because of ineffective studying. That’s when your not doingwhat you should to retain what you learn.How can you remember what you study? There are six questions to answer this whichis: 1. When2.where 3.who. 4. What5. Why? 6How. When choosing when, where, andwho, choose your best setting. When your using what and why, that’s evaluating studymaterials. How is use with study strategies.Have purpose, intention and emotional connection, put your notes to work. Understandwhat you memorize, Study during short, frequent sessions. Get your body ready, useanalytical thinking skills. Organize the items you are processing. Recite, rehearse andwrite. Also use flash cards, use audio strategies. Use learning styles strategies and usethe information.
  8. 8. Denise HawkesSls Chapter EightAre you having problems when you’re trying to study for a test or you’re about to take atest? How can preparation improve test performance? Identify test type and what youwill be expected to know. You need to determine where and how the test will be given.What kinds of ways can you create a study schedule and checklist? There are readingand studying strategies such as: Think analytically, Use SQ3R, Employ strategies fromhow questions and Create mnemonic devices.You can also make a pretest on your own with your notes that you have. Prepareyourself for final exams.Prepareyourself physically and make the most of the last minutecramming. Prepare yourself well and have a positive attitude. Try to eliminate theamount of distraction you get while trying to studying. That includes cell phones, Tv,sitting by the window,listening to the radio etc.
  9. 9. Denise HawkesSlsChapter NineDifferences among people and within people, now days everyone has a mixture ofdifferent levels of diversity. There are differences in gender, skin, color, ethnicity andnational origin age and physical characteristics are most obvious. Value diversity whichmeans have a basic respect for the difference among people and an understanding ofwhat is positive about those differences.Identify and evaluate personal perceptions and attitudes such as prejudice andstereotypes. Be aware of what happens when cultures interact this includesdiscrimination and hate crimes. Build a cultural knowledge so you can understandothers lifestyle better and not to be quick to judge they what other people do or howthey think. Adapt to diverse cultures look past external characteristics, move beyondyour feelings, put yourself in other people shoes.
  10. 10. Denise HawkesSlsChapter TenS-T-R-E-S-S! is a huge topic in everyone lives. There are many ways in this chapterthat can help you manage stress. You have to eat well. Evaluate your waiting habits,understand your eating habits, understand the effects of obesity target your ideal weightand control the body mass index. Make sure you get lost of exercise. Make exercising apriority. Get enough sleep good sleep is at least about 8-9 hours.Make effective decisions about sex. Use birth control you can get this from a primarydoctor or a health clinic. Use condoms. It prevents you from getting sexually transmitteddiseases. AIDS and HIV. You have to be more than careful when it comes to yourselfnow a days there are so many diseases.
  11. 11. Denise HawkesSlsChapter ElevenMoney is a major issue in everyone’s life. You have to learn how to spend it when youneed to spend it and when you don’t sometimes you might have to cut back on thethings you want and only get the things you really need. This chapter was aboutManaging Money. Look at how your time relates to your money. Figure out what youearn every year, hour, every month or two weeks. Figure out what you spend and howmuch you spend on a regular bases, It’s all on important things or things you know youdon’t need but still want because you have no self control. Adjust your expenses fromyour earnings evaluate the difference.If you have credit cards manage them correctly what for problems build a good creditscore. If you have bad credit try to clean the things off your credit to help yourself outbecause with good credit you can get the things you really want with no problem, suchas homes, cars or jobs.
  12. 12. Denise HawkesSlsChapter Twelve We are all in college to get a career so we can live the life we planned for ourselfsince we’ve been in high school. Without a career things will be a lot harder for you asfar as finding a good job with great pay. Trying to get a house but you can’t becauseyou can’t afford that. Having a kid but you can’t afford to put them in the school youwould like for them to go to because it costs to much. It’s all based on you career touryearly income what can you afford. How can you prepare for career success? Consideryour personality and strengths, Bestragetic, Build knowledge and experience,investigate career paths, know what employers you want to be around or that you maywant to work for you, if you plan on being a boss. Expect change in your career andyour personal life. Flexibility helps you adapt to change. Without change you will neversee progress.