Theorist research


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Theorist research

  1. 1.
  2. 2. The Semantic Code (SEM)<br />The Hermeneutic code (HER)<br />Roland Barthes - 5 Codes <br />The Cultural Code (REF) <br />The Symbolic Code (SYM)<br />The Proairetic Code (ACT)<br />
  3. 3. The Semantic Code (SEM)<br />The Semantic code refers to connotation within the story that gives additional meaning over the basic denotative meaning of the word.<br />
  4. 4. The Hermeneutic code (HER)<br />The Hermeneutic Code refers to any element of the story that is not fully explained and hence becomes a mystery to the reader.<br />
  5. 5. The Cultural Code (REF) <br />The Cultural code refers to anything that is founded on some kind of canonical works that cannot be challenged and is assumed to be a foundation for truth.<br />
  6. 6. The Proairetic Code (ACT)<br />The Proairetic Code builds tension, referring to any other action or event that indicates something else is going to happen which gets the reader guessing to what will happen next.<br />
  7. 7. The Symbolic Code (SYM)<br />The Symbolic code is very similar to the Semantic Code, but acts at a wider level, organizing semantic meanings into broader and deeper sets of meaning.<br />
  8. 8. Tzvetan Todorov is a philosopher and cultural critic and the author of over 20 books.<br />Tzvetan Todorov <br />Tzvetan Todorov’s believed that there are five stages to narrative structure:<br /><ul><li> A state of Equilibrium. (All as is if it should be)
  9. 9. A disruption to that order (by an event)
  10. 10. A recognition that the disorder has occurred.
  11. 11. An attempt to repair the damage.
  12. 12. A return or restoration to start a NEW equilibrium. </li></li></ul><li>Vladimir Propp analysed a whole series of Russian folk tales in the 1920s.<br />Vladimir Propp <br />Vladimir Propp’s theory was formed in the early twentieth Century. He studies Russian fairytales and discovered that in stories there were always 8 types of characters evident.<br /><ul><li>The hero,
  13. 13. The villain,
  14. 14. The donor,
  15. 15. The dispatcher,
  16. 16. The false hero,
  17. 17. The helper,
  18. 18. The princess and her father.</li></li></ul><li>Propp's Narrative Functions (31)<br />1. A member of a family leaves home<br />2. An interdiction is addressed to the hero<br />3. The hero ignores the interdiction <br />4. The villain appears <br />5. The villain gains information about the victim<br />6. The villain attempts to deceive the victim to take possession of victim or victim's belongings<br />7. The victim is fooled by the villain, unwittingly helps the enemy<br />8. Villain causes harm/injury to family/tribe member<br />9. Misfortune or lack is made known<br />10. Seeker agrees to, or decides upon counter-action <br />11. Hero leaves home<br />12. Hero is tested, interrogated, attacked etc, preparing the way for his/her receiving magical agent or helper<br />13. Hero reacts to actions of future donor<br />14. Hero acquires use of a magical agent<br />15. Hero is transferred, delivered or led to whereabouts of an object of the search<br />16. Hero and villain join in direct combat<br />
  19. 19. 18. Villain is defeated<br />19. Initial misfortune or lack is resolved<br />20. Hero returns<br />21. Hero is pursued<br />22. Hero is rescued from pursuit<br />23. Hero unrecognised, arrives home or in another country<br />24. False hero presents unfounded claims<br />25. Difficult task proposed to the hero<br />26. Task is resolved<br />27. Hero is recognised<br />28. False hero or villain is exposed<br />29. Hero is given a new appearance<br />30. Villain is punished<br />31.Hero marries and ascends the throne<br />
  20. 20. laude Lévi-Strauss was born in Belgium on 28 November 1908 to French parents.<br />He undertook a law degree at the University of Paris.<br />Claude Levi-Strauss<br />Levi-Straus believed that the individual narrative structure could be grasped as the imaginary resolution to real contradiction.<br />