Radio broadcasting is a wireless transmission to radio
waves to get to listening audiences, it can also be done
via cable radio, local wire television networks, satellite
radio, and internet radio via streaming media on the
Internet. There are two different types of radio
signals digital and analogue.
BBC World service it’s the world’s largest international broadcaster it’s
available in 28 languages. It has been reported to have reached 188million
people a week on a average in June 2009. The world services is currently
funded by grant-in-aid through the foreign and common wealth and British
government. The BBC world service currently broadcasts from broadcasting
house in London.
It broadcasts to many parts of the world via analogue and digital
shortwave, internet streaming and podcasting, satellite, FM and MW relays. It
is politically independent (by mandate of the Agreement providing details of
the topics outlined in the BBC Charter), non-profit, and commercial-free. The
English language service had always had a UK listenership on LW and therefore
DAB Services allowed, by this popular demand, it to be now available 24/7 for
this audience in better quality reception.
The BBC also runs radio stations for the three "national regions“ That is in the
UK, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. These stations focus on local issues to a
greater extent than their UK counterparts, organising live phone-in debates about these
issues, as well as lighter talk shows with music from different decades of the 20th
century. Compared to many advertising-funded Independent Local Radio (ILR)
stations, which often broadcast contemporary popular music, BBC nations' radio stations
offer a more "serious" alternative
The BBC today runs eleven national domestic radio stations:
These are National (UK wide):
*BBC radio 1 *BBC radio 2 *BBC radio 3 *BBC radio 4 *BBC radio 5 live
(main radio stations available via both analogue FM/AM digital audio broadcasting).
*BBC radio 1XTRA *BBC radio 4XTRA *BBC radio 5 live sports Extra
*BBC radio 6 music *BBC Asian network
(New digital-only (internet streaming/sky/free-sat/freeview/DAB).
These are the national regions but has many BBC stations.
*Wales *Scotland *Northern Ireland
There are 40 local radio stations by region for example, BBC Essex, BBC Norfolk, BBC
Cambridgeshire and BBC Suffolk. They cover a variety of areas, with some serving a city and
surrounding city’s. So they do it in the East, East midlands, London, North East and
Cumbria, North West, South, South East, South West, West, West midlands, Yorkshire and
Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.
The radio stations are operated from stations around the country that usually share with the
BBC regional news services, and their news gathering bureaux. The stations are operated by
the region that the station is based in, and are responsible to the BBC English Regions
department, a division of BBC News. The remit for each Local Radio station is the same: to
offer a primarily speech based service comprising news and information, complemented by
music. The target audience of BBC Local Radio are listeners aged over 50, who are not served
as well as other age groups on the BBC. Each station produces most of their own programmes
however, some off-peak programming is produced from one station and covering all stations in
the region, some is simulcast with other neighbouring regions and all stations simulcast BBC
Radio 5 Live overnight when the station is off the air.
BBC has many different Platforms it is a different types of
media that can be seen or heard on other electric items for
example TV, the internet and radio or anything that gives the
news a raised base to be seen on.
Interactive is for example the all BBC website, BBC iplayer
where you can play catch on shows that you have missed.
The BBC gets the money from the TV license as they don’t have
adverts to pay them, this is an advantage because the money they
get goes out to do a wide range of varieties of high quality,
interesting and multicultural programming for all the viewers who
watch BBC or goes to do all the radios and interactive sites they do
for example BBC iplayer and make different ranges of programming
for all different type of audiences.
In the United Kingdom and the Crown Dependencies, any household watching
or recording live television transmissions as they are being broadcast
(terrestrial, satellite, cable, or internet) is required to hold a television
license. Since 1 April 2010 the annual license fee has been £145.50 for
colour and £49.00 for black and white. Income from the license is primarily
used to fund the television, radio and online services of the BBC. The total
income from license fees was £3.6562 billion in 2012–13 of which £597.3
million or 16.3% was provided by the Government through concessions for
those over the age of 75. Thus, the license fee made up the bulk of the
BBC's total income of £5.102 billion in 2012-2013.
They have their own Television Channels
They have their own radios
They have their own interactive sites (web)
BBC iplayer (catch up TV)
Commercial radio is where the station are paid by
adverts so you will hear few adverts during the radio
station you might be on.
Capital fm: London and several other metropolitan areas across the UK (main populated
area) Birmingham, Leciestshire and London. Before it was called capital, it was also called
Hit music and one galaxy. Also available on TV and on the internet. It does contemporary hit
radio, news, entertainment, speech and showbiz.
Heart fm: Heart is a network of 17 adult contemporary and southern England and north
Wales also heart is a franchise. Also available on TV and the internet.
Kiss fm: The headquarters is in the United Kingdom, London also it does it in south
Wales, south west England, east of England and there’s former Kiss stations in Manchester
and Yorkshire. Also available on TV and the internet and they presents and do raves in
Choice fm: Choice FM, branded on-air as London's Choice, is a brand used by the UK's
biggest radio company, Global Radio for its urban music radio station. It is anchored by an
FM operation in London, and is also broadcast via DAB Digital Radio, Sky, Virgin Media and
LGR (London Greek Radio):
London Greek Radio (LGR) is an Independent Local Radio station broadcast only in London's
sizeable Greek community, which is mostly goes to the Cypriot community. It broadcasts in
both Greek and English and includes news from the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC)
Based in North London.
Jack FM 2: Oxfordshire (referred to on-air as 'Jack 2') is an Independent Local Radio station
broadcasting in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom on FM, the Oxfordshire DAB multiplex and online.
It is aimed at "under 30 professionals" with a "female skew", and is a music-heavy station with
only limited speech and seven hours per week of specialist music as required by Ofcom. Jack
FM 2 competes with Heart Thames Valley, BBC Oxford, OX105FM and sister station Jack FM
Oxfordshire, as well as several online Community Radio stations in Oxfordshire.
Premier Christian Radio: Is a British Christian radio station wholly owned by the charity Premier
Christian Media Trust. Premier Christian Radio broadcasts Christian programming including
news, debate, teachings and Christian music to London and the surrounding areas. It operates
on three frequencies on medium wave across five transmitters.
The effects on relying on advertisements revenue is, if
you have low audiences ratings on your radio, you wont
be getting advertisers paying for slots in your radio as
they would be wanting to advertise and to be getting to
a large audience so they are more likely to get customers
and this means you wouldn’t be getting no money to pay
for everything like the DJ, the equipment and the sensual
LGR (London Greek radio):
*5pm Saturday Restina Greek restaurant
*6pm Sunday a winehouse that does deals for restaurants.
*12:55pm Icelands shopping deals
*7pm SKY broadband offer
*3pm Sainsburys shopping deals
Global radio is the biggest known company to own many other well known
radio stations and makes them a worldwide and make the same stations but in
*Capital *Heart *Classic fm *LBC radio *XFM *Choice fm *Gold
Also there RTL group which is a international company which owns many radio
stations throughout Europe for example in France Fun radio and many other
Then there are other huge companies that owns other radio stations and even
TV channels most of these company owners don’t have media platforms on
most of these as they only have the power on the radio.