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  1. 1. By Munira Mohamed RADIO
  2. 2. WHAT IS RADIO BROADCASTING?  Radio broadcasting includes many technologies that combine to form a technique of one way transmission of audio data. This is used to communicate information by radio for public or widespread use. It’s a form of communication that helps to spread news to many spectators from different locations at the same time.
  3. 3. PUBLIC SERVICE BROADCASTING     BBC Audio & Music is a share of the British Broadcasting Corporation. The service offers national radio stations covers most of the musical genres, as well as local radio stations . The national radio stations, BBC Radio 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Live are all accessible through analogue radio (5 Live on AM only) then on DAB Digital Radio and internet services through Real Media, WMA and BBC IPlayer. The other stations, BBC Radio 1Xtra, 4 Extra, 5 Live Sports Extra and 6 Music, all program on digital platforms only. Majority of the BBC's national radio stations, with the exception of BBC Radio 5 Live and BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra who broadcast from Media City UK in Salford, broadcast from bases in London However, radio programs are also made in the BBC's network production units located in other cities around the UK.
  4. 4. BBC NATIONAL RADIO STATIONS           BBC Radio 1 – popular music aimed at a young audience BBC Radio 1Xtra – hip hop, garage, RnB, drum & bass & dancehall, aimed at a young audience BBC Radio 2 – adult-orientated popular music BBC Radio 3 – classical, jazz and world music, culture, drama BBC Radio 4 – spoken-word programmes BBC Radio 4 Extra – archive comedy, drama and children's programming, formerly known as Radio 7 BBC Radio 5 Live – news and sport BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra - sport, used as an overflow station when 5 Live is broadcasting live sport at the same time BBC Radio 6 Music – rock, funk, alternative BBC Asian Network – Indian and British content aimed at British Asians (some areas on analogue, nationwide on digital)
  5. 5. BBC DIGITAL RADIO STATIONS       Platforms: Internet Streaming/Sky/free sat/Freeview/DAB) radio stations are: BBC Radio 1Xtra: new urban music, plus news, original in-house live music sessions, original live music concerts and music documentaries BBC Radio 4 Extra: classic comedy, drama, books, science fiction, fantasy and children's programs BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra: a companion to Radio 5 Live for additional sports events coverage BBC Radio 6 Music: an eclectic mix of alternative genres including rock, funk, punk and reggae, plus news, original in-house live music sessions, original live music concerts and music documentaries BBC Asian Network: aimed at the large South Asian community in the UK (primarily a digital radio station, but available in parts of the Midlands on medium wave)
  6. 6. BBC WORLD SERVICE RADIO STATIONS   BBC WORLD SERVICE The BBC World Service is the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasting news, speech and discussions in 28 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, internet streaming, pod casting, satellite, FM and MW relays. The World Service was reported to have reached 188 million people a week on average in June 2009.It does not carry advertising, and the English language service broadcasts 24 hours a day.   The World Service is currently funded by grant-in-aid through the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British Government, however from 2014, it will be funded by the compulsory television license fee levied on every household in the United Kingdom using a television to watch broadcast programmes.
  7. 7. BBC REGIONAL RADIO STATIONS           BBC Radio Scotland BBC Radio nan Gàidheal – Scottish Gaelic language BBC Radio Shetland – Scotland (Shetland) BBC Radio Orkney – Scotland (Orkney) BBC Radio Wales BBC Radio Cymru – Welsh language BBC Radio Ulster – Northern Ireland BBC Radio Foyle – Northern Ireland (Londonderry) BBC Local Radio is the BBC's regional radio service for England and the Channel Islands, consisting of 40 stations. They cover a variety of areas with some serving a city and surrounding areas, for example BBC Radio Manchester; a county, for example BBC Radio Norfolk; an administrative region for example BBC WM; or a larger region entirely for example BBC Radio Solent. The stations were launched progressively starting with BBC Radio Leicester on 8 November 1967 with the last station to launch being the ill fated BBC Dorset FM on 26 April 1993. Since then, numerous local radio stations have been merged and renamed, however no new stations have been created where no service previously existed.
  8. 8. THE LICENCE FEE    The license fee is used nearly entirely to fund the BBC's domestic radio, television and internet services. The money received from the fee signifies approximately 75% of the cost of these services with most of the rest coming from the profits of BBC Worldwide — a commercial wing of the corporation which sells programmes and runs stations overseas (such as BBC World News), other than business associated to broadcasting for example, publishing. Television license is required for each household where television programmes are watched while they are broadcast.
  9. 9. ADVANTAGES OF BEING FUNDED BY THE LICENSE FEE license fee funding will be a advantage to the World Service, the wider BBC, and the British people. BBC’s license fee funding is grounded on multi-year payments, the present funding preparation lasting until 2017.  The BBC does not have to depend on advertisers to fund it, it can create more specialty and minority programming. commercial stations these sorts of programmes might not get a enough audience, so advertisers would not want to give the station money. 
  10. 10. WHAT ELSE THE BBC OWNS?  They own sister companies such as BBC films, BBC radio 1extra and so on as well as digital channels BBC 3, BBC 4 which are designed to appeal to a different audience.
  11. 11. WHAT INDUSTRY IS IT LINKED TO?  the radio industry is linked to the interactive media industries as they use their Facebook website or twitter account to gain followers.