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CREATIVE model for Coaching Psychology 創造的問題解決のためコーチング心理学

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CREATIVE model for the coaching psychology for Solutions.

Tokuyoshi,Y, Iwasaki,S, & Palmer,S. (2013). Development of an Interview Sheet based on the CREATIVE model for Coaching Psychology Practice. Coaching Psychology International, 7(1), 4-10.

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CREATIVE model for Coaching Psychology 創造的問題解決のためコーチング心理学

  1. 1. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 4 Abstract
  2. 2. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 5 The CREATIVE model framework for Coaching Psychology Development of an interview sheet for CREATIVE model (see Appendix) Conclusion
  3. 3. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 6 Table 1: The CREATIVE model (Tokuyoshi,Iwasaki & Palmer,2013a) C: Curiosity purpose or goal This stage is designed to set a goal for a coaching session by the collaboration of the coach and coachee.The coach asks the coachee to discuss the goal in a coaching session. R: Research Resources,Reframe (including Reverse) This stage explores the coachees’resources and helps to reframe their ideas.The coach facilitates the coachee to explore their resources and also attempts to encourage and inspire the creativity of the coachee. E: Expand or Eliminate In this stage,the coach/coaching psychologist uses creativity techniques and skills applying Creative Problem Solving (CPS).They can use the techniques of ‘Expand and Eliminate strategies’.By using ‘E’strategies they can put ideas into practice to generate new ideas or values.For example,the G-ABCDEF model (Palmer & Szymanska,2007) was adapted to the Coaching Psychology field. A: Adapt,Attach,Apply to combine This stage is designed to use the techniques of ‘Adapt,Attach,and Apply to combine strategies’. The coachee puts various ideas into practice by applying old ideas to new situations or by testing one’s personal resources in a new situation using ‘A’strategies.The GF-PRACTICE framework (Tokuyoshi,Iwasaki & Palmer,2013b) attempted to combine the PRACTICE model (Palmer,2007,2008,2011) with Flow theory (Csikszentmihalyi,1975,1996,1997). References Csikszentmihalyi,M.(1975).Beyond Boredom and Anxiety: Experiencing Flow in Work and Play.San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Csikszentmihalyi,M.(1996).Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention.New York: HarperCollins. Csikszentmihalyi,M.(1997).Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement with Everyday Life. New York: Basic Books. D’Zurilla ,T.J.(1986).Problem-solving therapy: A social competence approach to clinical intervention.New York: Springer. Eberle,B.(1997).Scamper: Creative Games
  4. 4. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 7 and Activities for Imagination Development. New York: Prufrock Press. Guilford,J.P.(1959).‘Traits of creativity’. In H.H.Anderson (Ed.),Creativity and its Cultivation.New York: Harper, 142-161. IBM.(2010).Working beyond boundaries: Insights from the global chief human resource officer study.Somers,NY. IBM.(2011).Cultivating organizational creativity in an age of complexity: A companion study to the IBM 2010 Global Chief Human Resource Officer Study. Somers,NY: Lombardo, B.J.,& Roddy,D.J. Isasksen,S.G.,& Treffinger,D.J.(2004). ‘Celebrating 50 years of reflective practice: Versions of Creative Problem Solving’.In Journal of Creative Behavior, 38,75-101. Kabat-Zinn,J.(1990).Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress,Pain,and Illness.New York: Delacorte. Novak,J.D.,& Gowin,D.B.(1984). Learning How to Learn.New York and Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press Osborn,A.F.(1952).Wake up Your Mind: 101 Ways to Develop Creativeness. New York: Scribners. Osborn,A.F.(1953).Applied Imagination: Principles and Procedures of Creative Thinking.New York: Scribners. Table 1: The CREATIVE model (continued) T: Technique or Tool This stage is designed to use the techniques of creativity,ie ‘New Technique or Tool strategies’. An old idea may be modified into something new by using a new technique or a new tool.For example,technological innovation brought about the progress of our quality of life and business.If we use information technology,we can obtain information for solutions we want to know right away. I: Import from different fields or cultures This stage is designed to use the techniques of “Import from different fields or cultures strategies”.For example,the mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) training program developed by Kabat-Zinn (1990) adapted ideas and methods from Buddhism to apply them to Western society. V: Venture (make a plan to implementation of ideas) In this stage,a plan is developed for implementing ideas and then the coach solicits and encourages the coachees’implementation of their ideas.Imagery exercises and techniques can be used to enhance the coachee’s imagination and focus it on the implementation (eg,Idea showering,Creative thinking,Coping and End goal imagery). E: Evaluation (point assessment technique,ranking,create priorities) In this stage the coach facilitates and encourages the coachee to evaluate his/her plan in order to implement ideas.The coach encourages the coachee to evaluate their ideas.For example, he/she examines and encourages evaluation of the coachees’ideas in terms of “Originality”, “Utility”,“Profitability”,“Benefit”and “Priority”.
  5. 5. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 8 Palmer,S.,& Szymanska,K.(2007).‘Cognitive behavioural coaching: An integrative approach’. In S.Palmer & A.Whybrow (Eds.),Handbook of Coaching Psychology: A Guide for Practitioners. Hove: Routledge. Palmer,S.(2007).‘PRACTICE: A model suitable for coaching,counselling,psychotherapy and stress management’.In The Coaching Psychologist,3(2),71-77. Palmer,S.(2008).‘The PRACTICE model of coaching: towards a solution-focused approach’.In Coaching Psychology International, 1(1),4-8. Palmer,S.(2011).‘Revisiting the “P”in the PRACTICE coaching model’.In The Coaching Psychologist,7(2),156-158. Tokuyoshi,Y.,Iwasaki,S.,& Palmer,S.(2013a).‘A CREATIVE framework based on Creative Problem Solving (CPS) for Coaching Psychology Practice’.In Coaching Psychology International, 6(2),22-26. Tokuyoshi,Y.Iwasaki,S.,& Palmer,S.(2013b). ‘Development of an interview sheet based on the GF-PRACTICE model for Solution-focused coaching’.In Coaching Psychology International, 6(2),14-21 Biographies and correspondence
  6. 6. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 9 Appendix © Tokuyoshi,Iwasaki,& Palmer,2014 Reproduction permitted for training,teaching and research purposes. The IS-CREATIVE is the semi-structured interview sheet (Work Sheet) of Creative Problem-solving Coaching. ******************************************************************************************************* Please answer and circle the appropriate category. [C]: Curiosity purpose or goal What interests you about your goal relating to change or creation? Could you tell me your purpose (Goal,Dream,Hope)? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [R]: Research Resource,Reframe (Including Reverse) (1) What kind of resources do you have to create new things? (2) What new things can you create using your resources? (3) If you change your perspective can you produce a new idea if you change your perspective? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [E]: Expand or Eliminate (1) Can you create a new idea based on expanding your goal or idea? (2) Can you create a new idea if you eliminate your goal or idea? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [A]: Adapt (Attachment,Apply to combine) (1) Can you create a new idea if you adapt other ideas? (2) Can you create a new idea if you combine your ideas with others? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [T]: Technique or Tool (1) Can you create a new idea if you use new techniques? (2) Can you create a new idea if you use a new tool? (cont’d over) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  7. 7. Coaching Psychology International. © International Society for Coaching Psychology 2014 Volume 7, Issue 1 10 [I]: Import (from different fields or cultures) (1) Can you create a new idea if you apply different fields or areas of knowledge? (2) Can you create a new idea if you reflect on different cultural perspectives? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [V]: Venture (develop a plan to implementation of ideas,from idea to Plan) (1) How can you make a plan based on your ideas? (2) To carry out your plan what initial step do you need to take? Plan to achieve your goal by using manageable steps. For example: (1) Collecting information (Marketing) (2) Prepare and source raw materials (3) Produce (4) Make a Sale [E]: Evaluation (scaling technique,ranking,create priorities) Please evaluate your ideas in view of Originality,Usefulness,Benefit,Priority Ranking (Scale 1 – 10) Example [ Salmon Sushi Bread (New product) ] – Originality ( 8 ) / Usefulness ( 7 ) / Benefit ( ? ) / Priority Ranking ( 1 ) Reason [In Europe and the US,Japanese food has been very popular in recent years] (1) [ ] – Originality ( ) / Usefulness ( ) / Benefit ( ) / Priority Ranking ( ) Reason [ ] (2) [ ] – Originality ( ) / Usefulness ( ) / Benefit ( ) / Priority Ranking ( ) Reason [ ] (3) [ ] – Originality ( ) / Usefulness ( ) / Benefit ( ) / Priority Ranking ( ) Reason [ ] -------------------------------------------------------------------------- E2: Please select and prioritise your ideas.What do you need to do to put into action your ideas? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Please write your thoughts in this session (cont’d from previous page)

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