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Deconditioning

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A collection of the most recent evidence based figures / models regarding deconditioning, sarcopenia and frailty.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Deconditioning

  1. 1. @strengthforlifecampaign @strength4_life #StrengthSavesLives www.strengthforlifeltd.co.uk Deconditioning
  2. 2. Key Deconditioning Research
  3. 3. Categorising Deconditioning ➢ Primary sarcopenia- Age related loss of muscle mass, strength and physical function, preventable and is not normal ageing. ➢ Secondary sarcopenia – sarcopenia following an event that alters pre-existing levels of mobility such as hip fracture ➢ Medication induced sarcopenia – drugs such as corticosteroids and statins can accelerate reductions in muscle mass and strength ➢ Sarcopenic obesity – low muscle mass and strength in addition to high body fat levels ➢ Cachexia - muscle wasting condition with inflammatory component accompanying diseases such as cancer, COPD, renal disease ➢ Frailty - a syndrome resulting from age-related cumulative declines of multiple physical & psychosocial factors that results in reduced resilience to stressors
  4. 4. Sarcopenia vs Cachexia
  5. 5. Low levels of strength is a red Flag! Patients under these thresholds should be seen as a serious cause for concern; Increased risk of multi- morbidity & mortality. Limited physical performance, reduced independence & reduced quality of life. Increased need of healthcare support for ADL’s & increased healthcare costs. Strength Assessment Grip Strength 5 Sit to Stands M < 27kg F < 16kg > 15 seconds Increased risk of falls and fractures.
  6. 6. Complications of Low Muscle Mass
  7. 7. Muscle Mass is a Vital Sign
  8. 8. Muscle Mass is a Physiological Reserve
  9. 9. Skeletal Muscle Performance & Ageing
  10. 10. Lose Strength, Lose Movement
  11. 11. Step Reduction & Muscle Mass
  12. 12. Bed Rest is Toxic
  13. 13. Vicious Cycle of Deconditioning
  14. 14. Functional Declines
  15. 15. Muscular Strength & Mass Declines
  16. 16. Age Related Loss of Muscle Mass
  17. 17. Muscle Mass & Life Course Events
  18. 18. Sarcopenia – Punctuated Decline
  19. 19. Sarcopenia
  20. 20. Sarcopenia Aetiology
  21. 21. Factors Associated with Sarcopenia
  22. 22. Sarcopenia & Clinical Outcomes in Older Adults
  23. 23. Sarcopenia Assessment
  24. 24. Regulation of Muscle Mass
  25. 25. Factors that worsen Sarcopenia
  26. 26. Chronic Conditions Accelerate Ageing
  27. 27. Muscle Mass & Chronic Conditions
  28. 28. Osteosarcopenia
  29. 29. COPD & Muscle Mass
  30. 30. Sarcopenia Rates in Cancer
  31. 31. Rheumatoid Cachexia
  32. 32. Frailty & Chronic Conditions
  33. 33. Sarcopenia & Frailty Overlap
  34. 34. Sarcopenia – Frailty - Malnutrition
  35. 35. Frailty Across the Life Course
  36. 36. Cycle of Frailty
  37. 37. Frailty – Progressive Decline
  38. 38. Effectiveness of Strength Training for Treating Frailty
  39. 39. Exercise Prevents Functional Decline in Hospital
  40. 40. Strength Training is a Countermeasure for Deconditioning & Chronic Disease!
  41. 41. Please follow our social media channels to see how we put all these methods into practice! @strengthforlifecampaign @strength4_life That's all Folks... @strengthforlifecampaign info@strengthforlifeltd.com

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