Social studies exam


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Social studies exam

  1. 1. Colegio Bilingüe Richmond<br />BY:Sebastian Guerra<br />Mr:DiegoVillamizar<br />Exam<br />
  2. 2. Whatis a Constitution<br />Constitution: are higher standards by which a nation is governed.<br />
  3. 3. WhenwasSlaveryabolished?<br />La abolición de la esclavización el primero de enero de 1852.<br />
  4. 4. Whatis a ConstitutionalAmendment?<br />A constitutionalamendmentis a changetotheconstitution of a nationorstate.<br />
  5. 5. Whatis a Plebiscite?<br />Theplebiscite isone of themechanisms of participationthattheConstitutionprovidesforColombianstoparticipate in politicaldecisionsthataffectthem.<br />
  6. 6. Whatdidthe 1957 amendmenttotheConstitutionchange?<br />Toendthepoliticalviolence and implementtheclimate of dialogue, peace and understandingthetwotraditionalpartiesagreeon a system of governmentcalledtheNational Front.<br />
  7. 7. Whatwasthegoal of the 1968 amendmenttotheConstitution?<br />A presidentabilityto declare a state of emergency and allowtheexecutivetointerveneselectively in specificareas of theeconomytoprevent crises orfacilitatedevelopmentplans.<br />
  8. 8. Prior tothe 1991 Constitution, could a Presidentbereelected?<br />Before the 1991 Constitution, a president could not be reelected.<br />
  9. 9. What were decree-laws?<br />Regulation having the force of law issued by the executive, without necessarily intervention or approval. <br />
  10. 10. What were the main requirements to become President of Colombia?<br />Required the president must be a native-born Colombian at least fifty-five years of age and in full possession of his or her political rights. The constitution also requires the president to have had previous service as a congressional or cabinet member, governor, or government official; as a university professor for five years; or as a practicing member of a liberal profession requiring a university degreeents to become President of Colombia<br />
  11. 11. What were the main constituents of the executive branch of government?<br />The president oversees the executive branch of government, consisting of a thirteen-member cabinet, various administrative agencies, a developing bureaucracy, and more than 100 semiautonomous or decentralized agencies, institutes, and corporations, generally known as institutes decentralizations. These appointive powers allow the approval of either house of congress.<br />
  12. 12. Explain the Concept State of Siege?<br /> <br />The state of siege is a state of emergency the government can declare a country in special situations, such as when public order is disturbed.<br />
  13. 13. What is a Cabinet Minister?<br />A cabinet minister is an official appointed by the president to make part of his cabinet, which exerts a major public role in the executive branch, such as transportation, health, defense etc.<br />
  14. 14. Who elects Congress?<br />Members of Congress are elected by popular vote for four-year terms.<br />
  15. 15. What are the functions of the Senate?<br />Issuing laws, exercises the functions of Political Control, Public, Judicial and Electoral Office, the protocol and Administrative<br />
  16. 16. What are the functions of the House of Representatives?<br />In addition to making laws and amending the Constitution, exercises the following functions:- Choose the Ombudsman.Examine and concludes national treasury account sent by the Comptroller General. - Accuses the Senate to senior officials. It also knows of such complaints. - It is responsible for dealing with such complaints.It is responsible for commissioning staff to carry out relevant evidence to the accused.<br />
  17. 17. How is the Judicial Power organized?<br />The Judicial this Branch organized of the following way:<br />- Supreme Court of Justice <br />- Constitutional court <br />- Council of State <br />- Top Council of the Judicature <br />- General Fiscally of the Nation<br />
  18. 18. What are the functions of the Supreme Court?<br />To act as court of cassation.<br /> To judge the President of the republic or to whom it(he,she) does his(her,your) times, to the justices of the Council of State and of the Constitutional Court, to the members of the top advice(council) of the judicature and to the general district attorney of the nation for crimes committed in the exercise(fiscal year) of his(her,your) functions or for common crimes when the Congress conceptúe that there is place to follow-up of reason.<br /> <br /> To know about the contentious business of the diplomatic agents credited before the government of the nation, in the cases foreseen by the international law.<br /> <br />To give his proper regulation<br />
  19. 19. Who elects the members of the Supreme Court?<br />There are 23 judges for individual periods of eight years, elected by the same corporation in more than five candidates lists sent by the Supreme Judicial Council.<br />
  20. 20. What are the functions of the Council of State?<br />Judicial function: She is the manager of handling the right; it(he,she) is to say, one entrusts to judge and, by means of the laws that are established inside the constitution of the State, to look for a solution to the conflicts that they present between(among) individuals or between(among) individuals and the State. It(she) is represented by the Constitutional Court, by the Supreme Court of Justice, by the Council of State, by the Top Council of the Judicature, by the District attorney's office and by the Jurisdictions.<br /> <br />Who elects the members of the Council of State? It is shaped by seven members, five of them named by the President, for extendable periods of four years, replaced two of them in half of the presidential period. In addition, there does part(report) of the Meeting the Secretary of the Treasury, who presides at it.<br />