Royal Thai Army
The Roles that Land Forces should Play
in CIMIC/INTERAGENCY Cooperation
Building in DRO
Scope of Presentation

   National legal mechanism
   RTA disaster relief operational plan
   Lessons learned from Tsunami...
National Legal Mechanism
Law and Organizations

   National law: Civil Disaster Prevention Act
   National Plan: National Civil Defense Plan
   Man...
Organisational Chart
                              Defence Disaster Relief Center
                                        ...
RTA Disaster Relief
Operation Plan
Objectives of the Plan

  - Administer, coordinate, direct and
    supervise
  - Encourage the rendering of assistance
   ...
Objectives of the Plan



    - Use of RTA’s media resources to warn
     and report to the public
    - Coordinate operat...
Objectives of the Plan

  - Provide knowledge and training
  - Carry out campaigns to enhance the
    prevention of accide...
The RTA Organizational setting


                   RTA Disaster Relief
                   Center
                   – 4 R...
The Roles and responsibilities of the
RTA Disaster Relief Centers


                   - To formulate
                    ...
The Roles and responsibilities of the
RTA Disaster Relief Centers

- Act as a coordination center
- Supervises/monitors th...
Operation


   Preparation Stage
   Operation Stage (Level 1, 2, and 3)
   Rehabilitation Stage
Preparation Stage


   - Monitor situation, gather data and
   information
   - Prepare personnel, equipment, tools
   and...
Operation Stage

   - Level 1 is a minor disaster
   - Level 2 is a moderate disaster
   - Level 3 is a major disaster
Operation Stage

   Level 1: Minor Disaster;
    which can be handled by the local civilian
    authorities.
Operation Stage

    Level 2: Moderate Disaster; requires support
 from various agencies within the province, or
 nearby p...
Operation Stage

   Level 3: Major Disaster; is deemed when
   the disaster will affect the majority of
    the public or ...
Rehabilitation Stage


    - Plan, administer, coordinate,
      monitor and publicize available assistance
    - Provide ...
Rehabilitation Stage

    - Restore the environment
    - Provide the necessities of life
    - Set up phychological rehab...
Lesson Learned
Minor and Moderate DRO

   - Flood
   - Shortages of water
   - Cold weather
   - Forest and bush fires
   - So on
Flood
Cold weather
Drought
Major DRO
  In country
           - Tsunami
  In the other countries
  - Bangladesh: Cyclone Syd
  - Union of Myanmar: Nar...
Tsunami
Background



 Stage 1: Urgent phase
 Stage 2: Medium phase
 Stage 3: Long term phase
Lesson Learned from Tsunami


    - Low awareness
       of natural risk:
      - Regionally
      - Nationally
      - Lo...
Lesson Learned from Tsunami


    - No plan in managing a large scale
      natural disaster
    - No MOU in managing inte...
Lesson Learned from Tsunami


    - Help promote awareness of natural risk:
      Regionally, Nationally, Locally
    - In...
Lesson Learned from Tsunami


    - Many international forums have been
      held
    to promote cooperation
    -The coo...
Roles of RTA in CIMIC/INTERAGENCY
Cooperation Building In DRO


 - Helping in promote awareness of natural risk
 - Convinc...
THANK YOU
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บทบาทกองทัพบกในการบรรเทาสาธารณภัย

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บทบาทของกองทัพบกในการบรรเทาสาธารณภัย ภายใต้กรอบ รัฐธรรมนูญ แห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย และกฏหมายอื่นๆที่เกี่ยวข้อง และกรณีศึกษาในการบรรเทสาธารณภัยจากภัยพิบัติสึนามิ

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บทบาทกองทัพบกในการบรรเทาสาธารณภัย

  1. 1. Royal Thai Army The Roles that Land Forces should Play in CIMIC/INTERAGENCY Cooperation Building in DRO
  2. 2. Scope of Presentation National legal mechanism RTA disaster relief operational plan Lessons learned from Tsunami The role that the RTA plays in CIMIC/INTERAGENCY
  3. 3. National Legal Mechanism
  4. 4. Law and Organizations National law: Civil Disaster Prevention Act National Plan: National Civil Defense Plan Management of the Plan: Ministry of Interior Administration of the Plan: Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
  5. 5. Organisational Chart Defence Disaster Relief Center (DDRC) Office of Permanent Secretary for Defence Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters Disaster Relief Center Disaster Relief Center (OPSD DRC) (RTAFs HQs DRC) Royal Thai Army Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Air Force Unit directly reported to RTAFs Disaster Relief Center Disaster Relief Center Disaster Relief Center Disaster Relief Center (RTA DRC) (RTN DRC) (RTAF DRC) (Unit directly reported to RATFs HQs DRC)
  6. 6. RTA Disaster Relief Operation Plan
  7. 7. Objectives of the Plan - Administer, coordinate, direct and supervise - Encourage the rendering of assistance to the disaster victims
  8. 8. Objectives of the Plan - Use of RTA’s media resources to warn and report to the public - Coordinate operations and practice
  9. 9. Objectives of the Plan - Provide knowledge and training - Carry out campaigns to enhance the prevention of accidents or disasters as assigned by the Ministry of Defense - Develop procedures for disaster
  10. 10. The RTA Organizational setting RTA Disaster Relief Center – 4 Regional Disaster Relief Centers – The Military Districts/ Circles Disaster Relief Centers
  11. 11. The Roles and responsibilities of the RTA Disaster Relief Centers - To formulate policies and guidelines - To provide guidelines in assisting disaster victims
  12. 12. The Roles and responsibilities of the RTA Disaster Relief Centers - Act as a coordination center - Supervises/monitors the situations and events - To render timely assistance to disaster victims
  13. 13. Operation Preparation Stage Operation Stage (Level 1, 2, and 3) Rehabilitation Stage
  14. 14. Preparation Stage - Monitor situation, gather data and information - Prepare personnel, equipment, tools and communication systems - Confirms coordination, support, procedures and safe evacuation areas with civil agencies
  15. 15. Operation Stage - Level 1 is a minor disaster - Level 2 is a moderate disaster - Level 3 is a major disaster
  16. 16. Operation Stage Level 1: Minor Disaster; which can be handled by the local civilian authorities.
  17. 17. Operation Stage Level 2: Moderate Disaster; requires support from various agencies within the province, or nearby provinces, as the situation cannot be controlled or managed by local civilian authorities The Ministry of Defense will closely monitor the situation, if the degree of disaster continues to increase from level 1 to level 2 and beyond, the ministry will take the appropriate actions.
  18. 18. Operation Stage Level 3: Major Disaster; is deemed when the disaster will affect the majority of the public or a situation
  19. 19. Rehabilitation Stage - Plan, administer, coordinate, monitor and publicize available assistance - Provide personnel to rebuild/repair infrastructure and public property
  20. 20. Rehabilitation Stage - Restore the environment - Provide the necessities of life - Set up phychological rehabilitation activities - Survey damages for furture assistance
  21. 21. Lesson Learned
  22. 22. Minor and Moderate DRO - Flood - Shortages of water - Cold weather - Forest and bush fires - So on
  23. 23. Flood
  24. 24. Cold weather
  25. 25. Drought
  26. 26. Major DRO In country - Tsunami In the other countries - Bangladesh: Cyclone Syd - Union of Myanmar: Nargis - Laos People’s Democratic Republic: Monsoon Kammuri
  27. 27. Tsunami Background Stage 1: Urgent phase Stage 2: Medium phase Stage 3: Long term phase
  28. 28. Lesson Learned from Tsunami - Low awareness of natural risk: - Regionally - Nationally - Locally - No preventive Mechanism
  29. 29. Lesson Learned from Tsunami - No plan in managing a large scale natural disaster - No MOU in managing international or regional disaster management
  30. 30. Lesson Learned from Tsunami - Help promote awareness of natural risk: Regionally, Nationally, Locally - Involve in developing preventive technology with other sectors
  31. 31. Lesson Learned from Tsunami - Many international forums have been held to promote cooperation -The cooperation between nations in the region is increasing through many kinds of activities such as seminars and trainings
  32. 32. Roles of RTA in CIMIC/INTERAGENCY Cooperation Building In DRO - Helping in promote awareness of natural risk - Convincing the government to constitute a regional MOU or legal agreement in using Armed forces for DRO - Conducting regional interactive education training and seminar in DRO
  33. 33. THANK YOU

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