Introduction to Technical Textile by NTU

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We here in technical textile society struggle to make certain that Pakistan’s part in this era of change is not left unrecorded.
Join us and be with us ‘that instrument of change’.

Regards:
Hassan Shahzad
President 2013-14
Technical Textile Society-NTU
Group for research project discussions: https://www.fb.com/groups/technicaltextiles
Page: https://www.fb.com/tts.fsd

Published in: Education, Business, Lifestyle

Introduction to Technical Textile by NTU

  1. 1. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  2. 2. Lecture Delivered 16,Jan’14 Special Thanks Mr. Muneeb Tahir (Batch 2009) Regards: Hassan Shahzad President 2013-14 Technical Textile Society-NTU Group for research project discussions: https://www.fb.com/groups/technicaltextiles Page: https://www.fb.com/tts.fsd Technical Textile Society-NTU
  3. 3. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  4. 4. Reformation in global trends Technical Textile Society-NTU
  5. 5. Technical textiles in Pakistan • Although Pakistan’s potential in the field of technical textiles is immense but it is in the developing phase. Pakistan has always been a formidable force in the field of conventional cotton based textiles. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  6. 6. Difference b/w conventional &technical textiles • Unlike conventional textiles used traditionally for clothing or furnishing, technical textiles are used basically on account of their specific physical and functional properties. Conventional Textiles Technical Textiles Technical Textile Society-NTU
  7. 7. Agrotech • Textiles used in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, farming and fishing Technical Textile Society-NTU
  8. 8. • Agrotech sheets are also used for soil reclamation. • These sheets can contain soil erosion problem and decompose into plant nutrients. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  9. 9. •Provide protection against frost, wind, excessive sunlight.
  10. 10. Agrotech • Avoids crop wastage due to better symmetric arrangement. • Provide protection against weeds. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  11. 11. Bird Protection Nets Technical Textile Society-NTU
  12. 12. Biodegradable Plant Pots Technical Textile Society-NTU
  13. 13. Buildtech • Buildtech involves textile composites used in building industry. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  14. 14. A revolution has been introduced to the building industry by the use of textile based composites. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  15. 15. As Thermal and Noise Insulators Technical Textile Society-NTU
  16. 16. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  17. 17. Textile Materials as Concrete Reinforcement Technical Textile Society-NTU Litracon
  18. 18. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  19. 19. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  20. 20. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  21. 21. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  22. 22. Now more durable, reliable, cheaper and resilient structures can be made. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  23. 23. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  24. 24. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  25. 25. Designing of Wind Turbines • Owing to light weight which is required for maximum energy production. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  26. 26. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  27. 27. Structures built of textile materials Technical Textile Society-NTU
  28. 28. Ultimate remedy • Buildtech has addressed the problems commonly faced in building industry. • Like weakening of structures due to rusting, seepages or natural calamities . Technical Textile Society-NTU
  29. 29. Properties • Strength • Resilience • Resistance to degradation by chemicals and pollutants in the air Technical Textile Society-NTU
  30. 30. Clothtech • Components of clothing and footwear. • It includes the most promising field/future of textiles “SMART TEXTILES”. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  31. 31. Smart textiles • Electronics embedded on garments i.e. wearable electronics. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  32. 32. Smart textiles • A piece of e-Textile weighing 0.3 kgs the approximate weight of a T-shirt could hold up to three times more energy than a cell phone battery. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  33. 33. Smart textiles Technical Textile Society-NTU
  34. 34. Military advancements • South Korean military has taken a gigantic leap forward. • It aims to integrate smart textile technology in the uniforms of it’s military personnel. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  35. 35. Objective • The objective is to create a military uniform that integrates information technology. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  36. 36. Heat sensitive textiles Technical Textile Society-NTU
  37. 37. Shape Memory Textiles Technical Textile Society-NTU
  38. 38. Shape Memory Textiles Technical Textile Society-NTU
  39. 39. Astronaut suits • Cosmic apparel used by astronauts in space or on the surface of a planet. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  40. 40. Cosmic apparel • These are supplied with oxygen, safety from solar radiations due to absence of atmosphere in space and many other life support systems. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  41. 41. Hug jackets/shirts Technical Textile Society-NTU
  42. 42. Musical shirts • Electronic touch sensitive drum embedded on a garment. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  43. 43. Self luminous textiles • The textiles for disco clubs of future. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  44. 44. Geotech As implied from the name Geo textiles are the textiles which work in contact with Earth’s basic elements; soil, rocks, water etc. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  45. 45. Dams • Geotextiles are used in the construction of dams as concrete reinforcements. • Used either in powdered or compact form. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  46. 46. Roads • Geotextiles are being used in the construction of roads. • Lahore Kalar-kahar Motorway. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  47. 47. Mechanism behind road construction • Geotextiles fabric sheets are used due to their inherent stiffness. • This does not let the roads deform easily, even if they are subjected to heavy traffic flow. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  48. 48. Prevention of soil erosion • Lining of riverbanks can be done with Geotextiles to prevent soil erosion due to floods or other climatic conditions. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  49. 49. A chance lost! • The damages due to recent floods could have been curtailed to a certain extent if geotextiles were given a chance! Technical Textile Society-NTU
  50. 50. Prevention of soil erosion • Erosion causes soil’s humus layer to erode away leaving the land barren/unavailable for cultivation. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  51. 51. Prevention of soil erosion • Geotextile sheets are used in plains, hilly or coastal areas to prevent soil erosion. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  52. 52. Geotech market • Asia and other developing regions of the world are much likely to see a sustained infrastructure development programs. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  53. 53. Geotech market Technical Textile Society-NTU
  54. 54. Hometech • Home textiles includes household textiles. • One such article which has an interesting property is fragrant curtains. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  55. 55. Function and Mechanism • Whenever there is some undesirable odor in the environment of a room these curtains would release fragrance to counter that odor. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  56. 56. Decoration purposes • Litracon is also used as decoration article in home textiles as table lamps etc. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  57. 57. Hometech market • The market is fairly mature in Western economies. • The growth in emerging economies such as India and China is expected to accelerate. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  58. 58. Indutech • The textile materials used in industries are known as indutech. • Generally industech are used in purifying poisonous gases at high temperature. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  59. 59. Used in chimneys • Most poisonous gases are discharged into the atmosphere at very high temperatures. • Common materials can’t withstand such temperatures without melting. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  60. 60. Indutech has the remedy • To solve this problem heat resistant textile materials with small pore sizes are used to filter hot poisonous gases. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  61. 61. Used as high strength ropes • Indutech ropes are also used in industrial units. • For lifting heavy weights and pulleys. • These have high tensile strength. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  62. 62. As noise absorbents • Some Industrial textiles are used at industrial scale as noise absorbents too. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  63. 63. Medtech • Absorbents, Bandages: Plaster of Paris Bandage, orthopedics bandage, etc Technical Textile Society-NTU
  64. 64. Alginate bandages • Alginate bandages can be removed without even the patient knowing about its removal and heals the wound faster. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  65. 65. Alginate Bandages “A Revolution” • Wounds are not damaged as happens mostly when cotton bandage is removed. • These bandages find their usage specially in burn care centers for acute burn injuries. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  66. 66. Germ absorbents • Non woven germ absorbent wipes on handles of hospital doors. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  67. 67. Special tremor disease • Boxer Muhammad Ali has the same disease. • Due to hand tremor patient can’t carry out their daily choirs. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  68. 68. Medtech to the rescue! • Special fabric gloves designed from piezoelectric material are designed to nullify the effect of these tremors. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  69. 69. In Transplantation • Artificial kidney, Artificial liver, Artificial heart, Mechanical lung, grafts, artificial skin and bones are produced for transplantation. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  70. 70. Soothing Broken Bones and Hearts • Textile based grafts and replacements of broken or damaged bones are also available for transplantation. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  71. 71. Magic healing • Special environment for the treatment of various diseases like Asthma is required. • Humidity, temperature or microbial activity is kept in check. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  72. 72. Magic healing • Now we have such textiles available which can control these factors. • Example of Khewra mine and a hospital situated in it for the treatment of Asthma. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  73. 73. How its done? • The walls of the room of the patient is lined with fabric sheets made of these textiles. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  74. 74. Hernia • The disease known as hernia makes the abdomen muscles weak. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  75. 75. Hernia • Weak muscles cannot even hold the pressure of the intestines. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  76. 76. Development in Treatment Method • The scientists have carried out the preparation of artificial hernia mesh (a fabric). Technical Textile Society-NTU
  77. 77. Mechanism • It lets the abdomen muscles develop and takes up the pressure. • Instead of letting it being transferred to the slowly developing abdomen muscles. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  78. 78. Curing hernia • In this way the weakened muscles get time to develop fully. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  79. 79. Eye lenses • Eye lenses are examples of technical textile materials. • Very few of us know this. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  80. 80. Eye Cornea • Recently artificial eye cornea has been developed with textile fibers. • Cornea is the most important part of human eye. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  81. 81. Hope in sight • Transplanting cornea in place of damaged or diseased cornea of a patient can give light to someone’s eye. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  82. 82. Relief for sugar patients • Recently a major breakthrough for sugar patients has been the manufacturing of micro level fabric based drugs encapsulating insulin. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  83. 83. Mechanism • It has an interesting mechanism. • Capsules are injected into the blood stream by an injection. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  84. 84. Life of capsules • The life of these capsules is 6 months at present. • After this time span it is dissolved into non toxic materials. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  85. 85. No daily injections • The greatest advantage of this technique is that patient doesn’t have to take insulin injections daily! Technical Textile Society-NTU
  86. 86. Technical textiles, no boundaries • These are the marvels of technical textiles in the field of medial sciences. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  87. 87. Medtech market • Strong growth potential in developed countries based longer-living and increased awareness about healthcare issues. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  88. 88. Mobiltech • The textile materials in automobiles. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  89. 89. Automobiles • Seat covers, seat belts, car carpets, air bags, tyre cord, composite panels, car mats (although they look like made of rubber). Technical Textile Society-NTU
  90. 90. Military use • A very interesting application of such fabrics was devised by various countries. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  91. 91. Main idea • It used these fabrics in the manufacturing of inflatable armored vehicles, tanks and even fleets of warships. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  92. 92. Objective • To distract, confuse and deceive enemy in the event of war with the original ones. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  93. 93. Interesting thing • Inflatable decoys can also be detected on radar by the enemy as originals. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  94. 94. Carbon fiber as wonder fiber • Carbon fiber is being presented as a replacement to aluminum alloys in fighter and commercial jet manufacturing. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  95. 95. New chapter of aviation history • Boeing’s Airbus 380. • Such fighter or commercial planes would be light weight and fuel efficient. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  96. 96. Eyebrow Raising Facts; Wonder Fiber • It is much lighter than aluminum. • Its single fiber is far thin than even human hair but still its strength surpasses that of steel. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  97. 97. Realization of Potential • USA has devised a plan to shift 75% of its military vehicles to textile composite based structure. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  98. 98. Precious oil • It is converting its military vehicles to Ethanol instead of gasoline. • Ethanol is not as strong as gasoline. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  99. 99. Remedy • To counter this problem the weight has to be reduced using textile based composites in vehicle structure. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  100. 100. Oekotech • Textiles for environmental protection are known as Oekotech.(GREEN TEXTILES) Technical Textile Society-NTU
  101. 101. An interesting application • Used effectively against oil spillages in coastal areas or in open oceans or seas, separates water and oil.(otherwise it is harmful to ecosystem) Technical Textile Society-NTU
  102. 102. Nothing goes to waste • Separated oil can be used again, while on the other hand disasters can be averted. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  103. 103. In cigarette filters • I bet you didn’t realize that over four trillion cigarette filters are manufactured annually. • Cigarette filters are non woven textile materials. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  104. 104. Use of cigarettes filters • These filters filter the tar and nicotine. • Although handsome amount of it is inhaled but still it does filter these substance to some extent. • These are carcinogenic materials. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  105. 105. Packtech • Textiles used in packing materials are called packtech. • Even tea bags (no one ever thinks about it) which are non woven fabrics. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  106. 106. Protech • Heat resistant clothing for scientists studying volcanic eruptions. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  107. 107. Fire suits • Fire men’s protective clothing. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  108. 108. High tech military apps. • Clothing against cold (like clothing of army personnel in Siachin) Technical Textile Society-NTU
  109. 109. High tech military apps. • Clothing against chemical substances for atomic, chemical and biological warfare specially(gas, liquids, particles) Technical Textile Society-NTU
  110. 110. Mosquito repellant fabrics • Even mosquito resistant fibers are available in the market to keep mosquitoes away. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  111. 111. For Falcons • G suits for fighter pilots to coup up with the pressure due to high speed maneuvers in air. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  112. 112. Great domestic opportunity • Bullet proof jackets, helmets and special boots. • Pakistani law and order agencies are in great need of protective textiles to counter the law and order situation in country. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  113. 113. Need of the hour • Local textile industry could exploit this opportunity by manufacturing desired products. • Hence saving country foreign exchange being wasted on imports of these products. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  114. 114. Sporttech • A fiber named Coolmax remains cool even at 50⁰C. • It is used in making track suits for sportsmen and women. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  115. 115. Suits for Deep Sea Divers • Pressure suits for under water divers are also manufactured by some special types of fibers. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  116. 116. Function of Suits • These suits help them to acclimatize to the varied pressure levels above and below water level. • Mentioning of bubble formation disease. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  117. 117. Sporttech Apps. at Home • In Pakistan technical textile fibers are widely being used specially in Sialkot’s sports industry. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  118. 118. Domestic Sporttech Products • In manufacturing of hockey sticks and footballs complying with international standards. (little elaboration on the strength of such hockey sticks) Technical Textile Society-NTU
  119. 119. A matter of pride • 90% graduates in Pakistan’s present textile industry belong to National textile university. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  120. 120. National Textile University • You have been provided a life changing opportunity to be a part of never failing engine held responsible for Pakistan’s economic growth by destiny itself. Technical Textile Society-NTU
  121. 121. Change approaches • Now it is up to you to excel, innovate and lead my dear juniors! Technical Textile Society-NTU

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