“Human Resource Management”
Miss. Shumaila Azhar
Attiqe Ur Rehman (Group Leader) MCE 13216
Hassan Karamat MCE 13205
Ayesha Ashraf MCE 13203
First of all we thanks to Allah who has given us to strength to complete this project. And also
thanks our respected teacher Miss Shumaila Azhar who helped us at the time of difficulties
with his experience and thoughts of professional management. Without his guidance we have not
able to achieve our target. He gave us his most valued time to help in our project so we are very
thankful to you miss.
This piece of work is dedicated to our beloved parents and our teacher Miss Shumaila Azhar
who always helped us out in times of woe and stress and taught me to follow the path of truth
justice honesty and to all who love and care about me.
Only For Miss Shumaila Azhar
Human Resource Management:
Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses
on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the
A manager is a person that can manage it and the resources to achieve the organization
goals and objective.
DESCRIPTION OF REPORT:
1. Table Of Contents:
What is HRM?
Who is manager?
Nature of Industry
Address of Offices
Number of Employees
Form of the Business
Board of Directors
Funding of organization
Human Resource Department
Human Resource Management
Human Resource Planning
Recruitment and Selection
Training & Development
HR Management Challenges
Questionnaire of Human Resource Management
Conclusion & recommendations
Human Resource Management:
Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses
on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the
A manager is a person that can manage it and the resources to achieve the organization
goals and objective.
Our main focus on the HR function which are adopted by our selected organization
“Akhuwat”. Our purpose to visit this organization to know the HR system and also know the
implementation of HR functions in this organization. And know how about its goals,
organizational culture & environment, structure design. Akhuwat is currently working according
to society act so there is no labor union in organization and there is no specific hand employee
hand book but there is book that describes the organization culture also attached.
2. Nature & Industry:
Akhuwat the organization that we visit is a nonprofit organization and it provides micro
financing for small scale business without any interest or service charges.
Akhuwat is registered under the society’s registration Act of 1860.
Number of Employees:
The total numbers of employees in Akhuwat are 710 on the basis of permanent and daily
Address of Offices:
House # 382 Block # 15 Sector B-1 Township Lahore
Phone # 042-35122743, 3516382
PSIC (Punjab Government)
Floor L.D.A Plaza Edgerton Road Lahore
Phone # 042-99201432
The products which are offering by Akhuwat mention below:
Board of Directors:
1. Dr. Muhammad Amjid Saqib
2. Dr. Kamran Shams
3. Mr. KhawarRafique Sheikh
4. Mr. HumayunEhsan
5. Dr. Izhar-ul-haqHashmi
6. Mian Anwar Sadiq
7. MsKulsoom Fatima Ranjha
9. Mr. MuhamamdSaleem Ahmad Ranjha
History of Akhuwat:
In 2001 the idea of Akhuwat was presented before a group of friends at the Lahore
Gymkhana. During the conversation, charging of exorbitant interest rates on microfinance
programs aimed at poverty alleviation was being criticized. The idea of initiating an interest
free successful microfinance program was brought forth as a challenge and at that point, no
one present foresaw the shape this experiment would eventually take. One of the friends
pledged a donation of ten thousand rupees, while another friend, Dr. Amjad Saqib, took it
upon himself to utilize that donation as an interest free loan.
The first loan of ten thousand rupees was given to a widow who was striving to earn a
decent living through honorable means. She was neither a beggar nor was she looking for
charity; she was only seeking a helping hand. By utilizing and returning that loan within a
period of six months, she reinforced the belief in the integrity exhibited by the poor when
they are helped with trust and respect. The success of the first loan brought in more donations
and the group of friends became convinced of the viability of their venture into interest free
microfinance. Herein Akhuwat was born, with these friends forming the first Board of
Governors and Dr. Amjad Saqib serving as the first Executive Director. This marked the
beginning of a new chapter in microfinance, one that found its inspiration not in economic
logic but in the spirit of compassion and generosity of mankind.
Akhuwat derives its name from ‘muakhaat’ or brotherhood, the earliest example
of which was seen in the fraternity formed by the Ansars (citizens of Medina) and the
Muhajireen (or Mecca’s) who had migrated to Medina to escape religious persecution.
Inspired by the spirit which induced the Medinites to share half of their wealth with the
migrants, Akhuwat seeks to invoke this very concept of brotherhood through its
operations. For Akhuwat, the metaphor of brotherhood entails the creation of a system
based on mutual support in society. To this end microfinance is only one of the tools,
albeit a powerful one, being employed by Akhuwat.
3. Form of Service:
Akhuwat is nonprofit organization and it is providing interest free micro financing.
Akhuwat is registered under the society’s registration Act of 1860.Akhuwat was
established in 2001.
4. About Organization:
Akhuwat is interest free micro financing organization.
Main objective of Akhuwat of providing interest free microfinance to the poor so as to
enhance their standard of living. Drawing on the principles of social justice and
brotherhood, Akhuwat strives to alleviate poverty by creating a system based on mutual
support in society. To this end, Akhuwat has adopted microfinance as its operational
strategy with the loans being offered in accordance with the doctrines of Qarz-e-Hassana
FAMILY ENTERPRISE LOAN
AKHUWAT MUTUAL SUPPORT FUND
Donation is back bone of this organization. Many rich people and many organizations who want
to decrease the poverty in our country they donate large amount to this organization. Some
personalities names are given below who are donation this organization:
Mr. Jahangir Kahn Tareen
Mr. Pervaiz Musharraf (Ex President of Pakistan)
Mr.KhalidMaqbool (Ex Governor Punjab)
Malik Iftikhar Ahmad
Mr. Abdul RazzaqDawood
M/s Ghosia Builders
M/s New age Cable
M/s Style Textile Mills
M/s Ejaz Spining Mills
M/s Manzoor Textile
M/s Sahir Associates
M/s Jamshoro Joint Venture
M/s HabibRafique Development
M/s Haier Group
M/s D.G Khan Cement
M/s Nishat Mills
M/s Western Unions
M/s Lahore carpet manufacturing
M/s Asiatics Group of Companies
M/s Jamal Rug Weavers pvt Ltd
Many foreign organizations who are supporting the “Akhuwat” are listed below:
Pakistan Italian Debt Swap Agreement(PIDSA)
Oxford University U.K
Pakistan students association (Hong Kong)
Punjab Government wants to poverty free society So Punjab government establish a fund
of amount “Two Hundred Corer" to issue the interest free loan to needy people
Basically“Akhuwat” is part of Punjab Government department Punjab Small Industries
Human Resource Management
Basic Concept OfHuman Resource Management:
Each organization works towards the realization of one vision. The same is achieved by
formulation of certain strategies and execution of the same, which is done by the HR department.
In Akhuwat the basis objective of the HR Department is to facilitate all the employees working
in different departments by listening to their grievances and by helping them in their career
Recruitment: It aims at attracting applicants that match a certain Job criteria.
Selection: The next level of filtration. Aims at short listing candidates who are the
nearest match in terms qualifications, expertise and potential for a certain job.
Hiring: Deciding upon the final candidate who gets the job.
Training and Development: Those processes that work on an employee onboard for
his skills and abilities up gradation.
Human resource management is important for all the managers because:
They don’t want to hire a wrong person for the wrong job.
Experience high turnover.
Wastage of time with useless interviews.
In Akhuwat every function of human resource management plays vital role in the organizing but
the most vital one is staffing because rest of all depend in it.At the base of this strategy
formulation lie various processes and the effectiveness of the former lies in the meticulous
design of these processes. But what exactly are and entails these processes? Let’s read further
The following are the various HR processes:
1. Human resource planning (Recruitment, Selecting, Hiring, Training, Induction,
Orientation, Evaluation, Promotion and Layoff).
2. Employee remuneration and Benefits Administration
3. Performance Management.
4. Employee Relations.
The efficient designing of these processes apart from other things depends upon the degree of
correspondence of each of these. This means that each process is subservient to other. You start
from Human resource Planning and there is a continual value addition at each step. To
exemplify, the PMS (performance Management System) of an organization like Infosys would
different from an organization like Wal-Mart. Let’s study each process separately.
HRM In Akhuwat
HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING:
Generally, we consider Human Resource Planning as the process of people forecasting. Right but
incomplete! It also involves the processes of Evaluation, Promotion and Layoff.
Akhuwat is not a large professional organization but still have strong HR system in Akhuwat HR
planning is done according to systematic process first they set the objective and strategies
company also look the external and internal factor in Akhuwat there is strong culture effect in
his HR planning. The HR planning process in Akhuwat starts according to this process:
In Akhuwat first of all scanning the external environment in which studying the environment of
the organization. In which many factor effect on organization. Scanning the entire factor they can
influence on organization. Environmentalscanning is the important process of Akhuwat because
there have strong culture that has great impact on organization
Organizational Capabilities Inventory:
In Akhuwat organizational capabilities consist of following component:
Employee career progression
Education and training
Abilities and interest
Akhuwat is expanding there branch network in all over Pakistan so there is complete procedure
of forecasting. Forecasting is benefit for long term planning. In Akhuwat there is systematic
branch structure which consists of Region, Area office and branches whenever expansionoccurs
there is preplan that how much employee need in future.
Human Resource Plan:
Human resource plan develop in Akhuwat for long term. Planning of human resource in
Akhuwat must consider the allocation of people to job over long periods of time. Human
resource planning provides the opportunities to organization to complete their task efficiently.
RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION:
In Akhuwat Recruitment is arguably the most important HR function, the sourcing of people to
in this organization on referral bases.The main focus of Akhuwat recruitment policy is on culture
candidate having strong social culture have batter chances in Akhuwat.There is complete
procedure of selection in branch level, Area level and Regional level. In Akhuwat there is two
category of department wise in branches and area office these are credit and Accounts and
finance .Branch manager recommend the application toward Area office and the the detail of
candidate send to the region office to HR department .
Need Analysis and the HR Plan:
Employment of organization’s personnel is governed by an extensive Human Resource Plan
included in the budget for each financial year which is presented by the Executive Director and
approved by the Board of Directors/EC. The Plan is reviewed and if necessary, revised on a
Recruitment on Merit:
All recruitment is conducted on an equitable and competitive basis and is strictly on merit.
Recruitment Policy Flow:
The Board of Directors (through the Board Recruitment Committee) appoints the Executive
Director, while the Executive Director makes all H.O, A.O and B.O appointments except
All officers including first line managers are kept on probation for a period of 3 months. The
organization may, at its option extend the probationary period of an employee for periods
recommended by the Departmental Head and confirmed by Programmed Manager.
Release of Employee Information:
The organization will not release employee information to the third party other than required by
course of law. However, this does not include the confirmation of the job particulars, package or
ethical values of the person(s) as asked by other companies as a part of their background
Policy for Management Trainees:
The Management Trainees may be employed in different departments’ i.e. General Management
operations Finance, HR & Administration, and IT etc.
Trainees will be appointed for the period of three months to support the above departments as
and when required. The minimum qualification for hiring a management trainee would be
Graduation in any discipline and they will be paid honorariums approved by the Executive
Director from time to time. The management Trainees will be offered permanent employment
only if necessitated by the workload in a relevant department and financial condition of the
All the appointments in The Akhuwat will be on contract basis for a period as decided by the
The process of recruitment starts with the completion of a personnel requisition form (3.1) by the
competent authority as mentioned below.
Requisition by Recruitment committee:
Theexecutive committee is responsible for initiating the requisition for the following position:
Creating any new Managerial position in the organizational structure of the organization.
These requisitions for above positions would be approved by the BOD, while all other
requisitions will be approved by the P.M at head office level. Branch Manager and Unit Manager
will be appointed through interview committee consisting of Manager (Admin& HR), Credit
Operations Manager and Area Manager.
Requisition by PM:
The PM is responsible for initiating the requisitions for the recruitment of the Departmental
Requisition by the Head of Department:
Departmental heads are responsible for initiating the requisition for the recruitment of all staff
within their departments and will sent to HR.
Rejection of the Requisition:
If the requisition is turned down for any reason by the approving authority the same would be
communicated to the originator of the requisition.
Confirmation and Approval of the Requisition:
A requisition would be confirmed and approved by the appropriate authority as defined in the
After approval of the personnel requisition, the recruitment authority will seek applications
through one or more of the following methods:
Transfer/Promotion from within the Organization:
The entire process will be carried through Internal Job Posting (IJP) and details of job
profile, candidate profile, eligibility (who can apply), application deadline etc. would be
circulated throughout the organization.
Employees possessing necessary skills, knowledge, and experience matching with those
required for the job may apply through the appropriate communication channels as
prescribed in the IJP.
Search from the Data Bank:
All resumes that the organization receives from time to time will be stored manually in a separate
file and will be kept for a period of one year. For any new vacancy, this file will be searched to
find the suitable candidate.
The employees may refer the persons they know, who fulfill the criteria of the vacant position;
for this purpose an employee referral form will be utilized.
Online Job Portals:
The online job portals (like; www.rozee.com.pk) may be used to solicit applications for
Human Resource Agencies or Recruitment:
For senior level positions, Recruitment Consultants or Human Resource agencies may be used to
attract the suitable applicants if needed. To identify and engage Professional recruitment
consultants to help HR to source quality candidates, the following process shall be established.
Process guidelines to engage a new Recruitment:
Identification of the Consultants based on their current client’s distribution, database size,
past performance records & industry feedback.
Negotiate the Terms & Conditions with all the identified consultants and get a one-time
approval (from the Executive Director) before rolling out the formal agreement with
Advertisement In The Newspaper:
The vacant positions shall be advertised in the newspaper of repute for attracting applicants. A
draft advertisement shall be forwarded to the Executive Director for review and approval prior to
forwarding it to the News Agency for publishing.
Once the resumes have been called, the next step would be short listing the suitable candidates
for job as per the criteria set out against the vacant positions.
All the applications are received and reviewed by the Manager (Admin & HR)(in consultation
with the originator of the requisition) and a short list of candidates suitable for interviews is
prepared. The rejected applications are filed in a separate folder.
Initial short listing of the applicants would be done for the first interview. After the first
interview, applicants would be recommended for the second interview. After which final
selection would take place.
The Manager (Admin & HR), PM, Credit Operations Manager and Area Manager Schedule
interviews of the shortlisted applicants after confirming interview dates with the concerned
requisitioning authority. The Program Manager (Admin & HR) prepares and mails interview
letter to prospective candidates. It is ensured that:
As far as possible, candidates are informed of interview dates at least one week in
All certificate and testimonials are brought by the candidate at the time of interview.
Two and testimonials are brought by the candidate at the time of interview.
Initial interviews will be conducted by the relevant authority as per the Authority Matrix. If
considered necessary, the tests may be administered to evaluate candidate’s competence.
The candidates are evaluated on an Interview Assessment Form (3.5) and based on the
evaluations the most suitable candidate is recommended.
After the initial interviews, second interview may be conducted by the relevant authority as per
After second interview in Akhuwat conduct the written test of short listed candidates. After few
days of test organization announce the result.
SELECTION OF CANDIDATE:
Based on the performance of the candidates in the interviews (and if needed the test
administered), the most suitable candidate would be selected and submitted for the approval as
per the Authority matrix.
In Akhuwat selection decision is based on employment test. An employment test is a mechanism
to measure the certain characteristics of individual. In Akhuwat various test is conducted to
check the employee KSA level. This test in written and oral form.
Physical Ability Test:
In Akhuwat most of the work is on the field related so for this purpose physical test is conducted
and check the tension level of candidate.
Personality test is very important in Akhuwat because strong social culture background and
positive attitude required in Akhuwat.They test the personality by giving the situation.
In Akhuwat work sample test is conducted. Candidates are sending in field visit for a day and
work in practical environment.
Letters of Regret:
Head of HR & Administration would send out the letters of regret (3.4) to the candidates who
were shortlisted and interviewed but could not be finalized.
(Letter of regret are given in annexure)
Background investigation of the selected candidate would be made to cross verify the particulars
of the selected individual. That may include confirmation of particulars from the educational
institute(s) or employer(s) though phone call etc. /email etc.
The candidate would be asked to complete the necessary paper work and provide the reference
letter for records as soon as possible.
Reference Letter (3.6) together with blank Reference Form (3.7) is sent to the references
provided by the employee. On receipt of reference letter(s), these are reviewed and filed
in the employee's personal folder along with his employment application form.
Appointment Letter and Terms of Employment:
Appointment letter with detailed terms of employment prepared in duplicate and Signed by
Program Manager (Admin & HR). Executive Director will sign the appointment letter at head
office except auxiliary staff.
Executive Director signs the Appointment Letters and returns it back to the Program Manager to
be used as follows:
Original will be mailed to the successful candidate.
Second copy to be signed by the new employee on the date of joining as evidence of
acceptance of terms of appointment.
Once an employee joins the joining report and employee fact sheet is completed.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT:
Training and development is very important function of HRM because every employee need
training to fulfill the organizational goal .In Akhuwat training is conducted according to this
This policy provides guidelines on matters relating to the professional development & training of
The purpose of this policy is to spend resources to send employees to training sessions and
functions which will benefit the employee and broaden their skill base and knowledge and
Akhuwat simultaneously receiving a positive return on their investment.
From time to time Akhuwat deems it appropriate to have employees attend conferences,
seminars or training classes for the purpose of enhancing the employees’ industry knowledge and
broadening their job-related skill base. For this purpose Akhuwat management will develop a
professional development and training plan which take into account of the training and
continuing professional development needs of its employees and will form part of the annual
Akhuwat will cover the cost of the registration fees, training materials and other course-related
expenses incurred by the employee. However, in an effort to ensure that the maximum benefit is
obtained from the employee’s attendance at such events or classes, it is the responsibility of the
employee upon returning to the office to share his newly obtained knowledge with coworkers.
Employees returning from offsite training sessions are expected to spend time with others who
would benefit from knowledge of this same skill set, explaining what they have just learned,
sharing course materials, giving sample presentations, etc.
Additionally, should the employee leaves Akhuwat employment within ninety (90) days of their
return date from training sessions, conferences and classes for which organization has paid their
fees, The organization be reimbursed by the employee for all costs incurred for said event.
The organization may from time to time arrange in-house trainings for the professional
development of its staff. The trainer may be someone from within the organization or hired from
outside depending upon the training needs of the employees and availability of the skilled
resources to manage the training.
The organization may from time to time encourage its employees to attend the training
courses/certifications/diplomas organized by the training organizations/institutes. The
organization may coordinate with these organizations /institutes to registration, payment and
feedback regarding the employees who attend the courses offered by them.
Sponsorship & Reimbursement:
With prior approval from the management, employees are encouraged to take such
certification/diploma exams as may be beneficial to the employee in the performance of his or
her duties. In case of successful completion, Akhuwat will reimburse the examination fee to the
employee. However, please note that prior approval from the management is a prerequisite in
Nomination for Attending Training:
Approval for Attending Training:
In Akhuwat every training start from introduction of Akhuwat and history why Akhuwat is
made. In which tell about the training why training is conduct why training is important and give
detail about the whole training process.
Firstly, select the title of training. Training is conduct to provide opportunity and broad structure
of the development of human resources.
Objective of Training:
In organizations the objective of training must be clarify. The objective of training smart, simple
and every individual know about it. In Akhuwat focus on what will learns individual after finish
the training. The main objective of training in Akhuwat is focus on individual behavior and after
training they must be able to complete their task effectively and efficiently.
The employees may either on their own identify the trainings which they need to attend to
enhance their job related skills or the management may nominate the employees for attending
the trainings which the management feel, are necessary for improvising the efficiency and
performance of the employees. For local or outstation branches departmental head will nominate
the name of the staff to Training Coordinator or HR department at head office.
In either case, written approval of the management will be sought as to the mode of training (In-
house or outside) and sponsorship limit (whether full or partial) as per matrix.
In Akhuwat the lesson plan prepared is contain of following things:
Summary of key point
Timing and planning of each activity
Material or Handouts:
Training material use in Akhuwat mostly training manual or Akhuwat hand book for the basic
instructional material, reading, exercises and self-test. Program out lines provided beginning of
the training. Program outlines contain of the content, goals and training schedule.
Description of Trainer:
The trainer in Akhuwat must be specializing in work and they must be able to deliver the
knowledge, use various, have interpersonal skills, and ability to motivate the other person.
In Akhuwat the mostly training method use is on the job training. Training is conducted in a
specific location they designed for training. The training method use in Akhuwat is job
instruction training in which the person specializes in training or in work gives the training.
Schedule of the Program:
The schedule of the training program in Akhuwat is simple and straight forward and easily
understands for every person. The main focus on the learning task and trainer or learner attention
must be on goal in scheduling.
Initial experiential activity
Discussion on the problems
9:00 – 11:00a.m.
Brainstorming session on topic
11:30 a.m. -
Discussion on the topic and activity results
Final discussion on the training topic
After that the whole process implement and ensure that the effective outcomes. Deliver the
program and then evaluate it.
Examination the outcomes they should be related to program objective and trainee understand
the purpose of the program.Effective and cognitiveoutcomes develop in trainee. Trainee able to
complete their work with effectively and they must be motivated. In Akhuwat trainingevaluation
form is filled from employee.
Performance Management In Akhuwat:
In Akhuwat there is performance is check at the end of each financial year these are the points
that kept in mind in appraisal.
Internal audit point
Performance Appraisal System:
It includesa 360 Degree assessment of the reporting officer by the reporters. This gives Senior
Management the opportunity to get the feedback from the staff about the performance of their
seniors. The results from 360-degree feedback would also help in planning the trainingand
development of the employees while the results from traditional appraisal help in making
administrative decisions, such as pay or promotion.
In Akhuwat performance is measured by:
Graphic Rating Scale:
Category rating method use in Akhuwat to measure the performance of the employees by
supervisors and managers. Most of the time Graphic rating scale method use in Akhuwat. In this
method to measure the employees performance and quantity of work and quality of work and
Schedule For Performance Appraisals:
Administration and HR Department will notify the appraisers. Executive Director in respect of
the Departmental Heads and Departmental Heads in respect of all the other employees) of the
upcoming performance appraisals.
Appraisers to schedule half an hour sessions for each employee.
Appraisers to inform employees at least one week before the scheduled interview.
Preparation For Review:
Appraisers review the last appraisal reports and the target and goals set for the individuals before
Performance Review And Agreement:
Administration department to provide Appraiser with appraisal form All employees will undergo
appraisal interview including setting performance targets and goals for the next time
period.Appraiser to complete forms for respective staff.Management review & Feedback from
Administration would work with all the employees and external sources to arrange for feedback
for all employees form their peers, seniors, subordinates and external sources.
Once this complete, then the feedback for all the employees is compiled in separate files.
Procedure To Conduct Performance Appraisal:
AKHUWAT’s performance Appraisal is based on the following:
Should be supported by facts and for this purpose adequate records are maintained.
Goals set are used to evaluate progress.
Systematic collection and feedback of performance data from a number of the stakeholders
(peers, direct reports, Departmental Heads, internal customers).
Encourages two-way communication.
Communication of shortcomings.
Versatile and open-minded.
(Performance appraisal form given in annexure)
Employee Remuneration And Benefits:
All salary changes can factor into the written performance evaluation. However, the annual
review is not the only indicator to determine compensation changes. The Akhuwat strives to
reward individual performance, be market competitive, and remain comparable with The
Akhuwat operating budget. All increases must be within the budgeted guidelines approved by
the Board of Directors each year. Exceptions must be approved by the Executive Director.
Performance Review Salary adjustments are effective from first of July in each year.
MDP allowances are provided employees of Akhuwat after every three months. MDP
allowances provide the employees who are effectively perform the job tasks.
All the employees who have completed at least three months in a department at the Akhuwat
would be eligible for the annual performance appraisal.
The deadline to complete this process will be 15th
of June every year.
The incentive/raise model would be as follows based on the weighted averages of the employees
in the performance appraisal;
‘00-40% No incentive or raise
‘41-60% as approved by ED
‘61-80% as approved by ED
‘81-100% as approved by ED
Special Bonus Allowance:
In Akhuwat special bonus allowance provided to employees on their annual appraisal about the
special assignments the management give it to them time by time.
Akhuwat provide the Eid allowances to employees. Eid bonus offering 30% of gross salary given
to all employees on everyEid.
1. In case of any leave employee will get written approval from E.D/Competent Authority.
2. 24 leaves are allowed in a year. Deduction from salary will be done in case of more
leaves above 24 days.
3. In case of more than three sick leaves a medical and fitness certificate will be provided by
the staff to Competent Authority.
4. Leave encashment policy will finalized later on.
Personal work during office hours is not permitted; however in exceptional cases/hardships, an
employee may be permitted to attend to personal work during office hours.
Short leave/late arrival in excess of three (3) hours is treated as half day off.Head of the
Department, depending on the merits of the case approve or reject the application. In case of
approval, the employee hands the approved application to Administration Officer.
The Administration Department will record the time 'out” in Attendance Register. If the
employee returns the same day during working hours he/she informs, Administration Department
to note the time 'in' on the application for short leave. In case, absence is for more than three
hours adjust the employee’s leave records.
In Akhuwat they don’t have any labor union because all the matters are solved between the
management and the labor in a decent way.
HEALTH & SAFETY:
The security alarm will be placed in the premises of the organization so that all the employee
may be warned in case of any emergency situation which may include fire, earthquake or other
The fire extinguishers will be placed at appropriate place in the premises to use these in case of
any unfortunate event.
HR MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES:
The human resource management faces different kind of challenges in the organization:
Growth of information technology.
Education of the workers in basic skills
The most important is the retention of the employees.
What made the organization Successful?
These are some factor that makes Akhuwat successful in the presence of other competitors.
Organization Goal is different from other.
Provide interest free loan
No security deposit
Concept of brother hood
Giving respect to borrower
After reviewing and studying of the company we conclude that the “Akhuwat” has a well
structured and well controlling organization. And the financial position of organization is stable
because the government of Punjab is supporting this organization. And it is working for needy
people who want to betterment in their business “Akhuwat” is fully supporting that people.
1: Why is human resource management important to all the managers?.
2: What is the basic objective of HR department in this organization?
3: Which is the most important function of human resource management? Planning,
Organizing Staffing, Leading Controlling?
4:How is strategic planning related to HRM? Why there was the need to shift personnel
management into human resource management?
5: What kinds of challenges are faced by the HR management in the organization?
6: is there any concept of international HRM?
7: What techniques does your organization use for forecasting the supply of employees?
8: what are the methods that are used for forecasting?
9: Did your organization ever follow the DOWNSIZING approach?
10: Is there any job description rule for new applicants?
11: How does job rotation policy takes place in your organization?
12: How is performance management evaluated in your organization?
13: From what type does your organization collects job analysis information?
14: How the recruitment procedure in your organization?
15: What internal sources you can use for recruitment?
16: What external sources you can use for recruitment?
17: During the recruitment process of the new employees, what type of recruitment
complexities are faced by your organization?
18: What types of interviews are conducted?
19: During the interview how much you give importance to the things such as snap
judgment, non verbal behavior and impression management?
20: Is there any process for socialization of new employees?
21: Who does socialization in the organization?
22: Is there any orientation program arranged for new employees?
23: Is there any policy for the training of the employees?
24: Do you follow any succession planning process?
25: Which method you adopt for hr purpose of the delivering of the training?
26: What do you do for the career development of the individual employees?
27: How you can assess the need of training. Define the procedure which you can follow?
28: What method you can use in delivering training?
29: Are there any compensation criteria which you can follow?
30: Do you have any evaluation process for training programs?
31: What do u think the most important and effective way of motivation of the employees?
32: Is there any work flow analysis system in your organization?
33: What type of compensation is given to the employees?
34: What kind of INTRINSIC REWARDS are given to the employees?
35: What types of FRINGE benefit are given to the employees?
36: After how much time you conduct performance appraisal?
37: How do you ensure that employees are protected while working in your organization?
38: Describe the performance management system in your organization?
39: Which elements are taken into consideration during the factor comparison method?
40: Describe your gain sharing system?
41: What is MBO measurement system in your organization?
42: Is there any labor union?
H.R Manager (Akhuwat)
First of all we would like to thank Mr. Shahidsafdar (HR Manager) for
giving us his precious time. In Akhuwat we were well treated. Everyone
was quite friendly and they provide us relevant information to extent they