LOCATIONPakistan, located is South Asia has a current population of about 180 million people.Located at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia, Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistans narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.
The President : Asif Ali ZardariThe President of Pakistan (Urdu : )is designated as the figurehead, ceremonial head of state of the State of Pakistan. The President holds an important title de jure, but the true executive powers, the powers to make decisions and executive authorizations on key matters requires the both consultation and final confirmation from the Prime Minister of Pakistan who is designated as the Chief Executive of the country.
ASIF ALI ZARDARIAsif Ali Zardari was born on 26 July 1955 and is the 11th and current President of Pakistan. He is co-chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who servedtwo nonconsecutive terms as Prime Minister.A Baloch from a landowning tribe based in Sindh, Zardari rose to prominence after his marriage to Bhutto in 1987.
Prime Minister : Raja Parvez AshrafThe Prime Minister of Pakistan (Urdu: )is the principle head of government of State of Pakistan who is designated to exercise as the countrys Chief Executive (CE). By the Constitution of Pakistan, Pakistan has the parliamentary democratic system of government, consisting Prime minister as Chief Executive and head of government. Currently, the seat of Prime Minister is occupied by Raja Pervez Ashraf of Pakistan Peoples Party, who was elected on 25 June 2012, after a vacancy occurred due to the disqualification of the then Prime minister, Yousaf Raza Gillani of Pakistan Peoples Party, by the Supreme Court of Pakistan over contempt of court on 19 June 2012
Raja Parvez AshrafRaja Parvez Ashraf was born on 26 December 1960 and Raja Pervaiz Ashraf(Urdu : ) born on 26 December 1950 is the 17th and currentPrime Minister of Pakistan. Previously, he served as the federal Minister for Water and Power in the Yousaf Raza Gillani-led cabinet from March 2008 to February 2011. He is a senior leader and politician of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) from Rawalpindi District. Ashraf assumed premiership on 22 June 2012, after Yousaf Raza Gillani was disqualified over contempt of court charges. He was shortlisted by the PPP as a candidate for the post
Geography of PakistanThe Geography of Pakistan is a profound blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakoram range in the north. Pakistan geologically overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates where its Sindh and Punjab provinces lie on the north-western corner of the Indian plate while Balochistan and most of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa lie within the Eurasian plate which mainly comprises the Iranian plateau, some parts of the Middle East and Central Asia. The Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir lie mainly in Central Asia along the edge of the Indian plate and hence are prone to violent earthquakes where the two tectonic plates collide.
Pakistan is bordered by Afghanistan to the north-west and Iran to the west while the Peoples Republic of China borders the country in the north and India to the east. The nation is geopolitically placed within some of the most controversial regional boundaries which share disputes and have many-a-times escalated military tensions between the nations, e.g., that of Kashmir with India and the Durand Line with Afghanistan. Its western borders include the Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass that have served as traditional migration routes between Central Eurasia andSouth Asia.
Climatic Conditions The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2° C in January to an average daily high of 40° C in June. Half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August, averaging about 255 millimeters in each of those two months. The remainder of the year has significantly less rain, amounting to about fifty millimeters per month. Hailstorms are common in the spring. Pakistans largest city, Karachi, which is also the countrys industrial center, is more humid than Islamabad but gets less rain. Only July and August average more than twenty-five millimeters of rain in the Karachi area; the remaining months are exceedingly dry. The temperature is also more uniform in Karachi than in Islamabad, ranging from an average daily low of 13° C during winter evenings to an average daily high of 34° C on summer days. Although the summer temperatures do not get as high as those in Punjab, the high humidity causes the residents a great deal of discomfort.
Faisal MosqueThe Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan, located in the national capital city of Islamabad. Completed in 1986, it was designed by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay to be shaped like a desert Bedouins tent.Opened: 1986Height: 90 mFunction: MosqueArchitectural styles: Islamic architecture, Contemporary architecture
Minar - e - PakistanMinar-e-Pakistan is a tall monumental minaret in Iqbal Park Lahore, built in commemoration of the Lahore Resolution.Height: 62 mOpened: October 31, 1968Architect: Nasreddin Murat-Khan
Lahore FortThe Lahore Fort, locally referred to as Shahi Qila (Urdu: ) is located in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the northwestern corner of the Walled City of Lahore. The composition spreads over 20 hectares.Origins of the fort go as far back as antiquity, however, the existing base structure was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar between 1556–1605 and was regularly upgraded by subsequent Mughal, Sikh and British rulers