In any piece of film, editors use
different types of transitions to
move from one clip to another.
How many transitions do you think
there is in the trailer for kickass 2?
Now watch the trailer and count the
Were you close to your original guess?
In preparation for your editing analysis essay, you must
be able to identify a range of editing techniques.
Using Word, keep notes on each
editing technique that we explore in
• Define them in your own words.
• Reference and explain the examples
that we look at in class (you could
also screen grab and illustrate your
• A distinction student will start to
explain WHY they believe these
editing techniques are used, how
they affect the audience and how
they support the narrative.
P1 describe the development and principles of editing with some appropriate use
of subject terminology.
M1 explain the development and principles of editing with reference to detailed
illustrative examples and with generally correct use of subject terminology.
D1 critically assess the development and principles of editing with supporting
arguments and elucidated examples, and consistently using subject terminology
• The cut is the most common type of video transition. It
simply means replacing one shot instantly with the next.
• When you shoot video footage on your camera, there is a
cut between each shot, i.e. between when you stop
recording and start recording the next shot.
A gradual fade from one shot to the next is known as a crossfade, mix
Watch the clip for a shopping channel. It is a promo advertising a
jewellery show. Why do you think that they have used dissolves?
Crossfades have a slower, more relaxed feel than a cut. They can be used in
situations such as:
•Slowing the pace of a video
•Creating a mood, e.g. relaxation, thoughtfulness, etc.
•Showing a sequence of scenic shots
•Conveying a sense of passing time or changing location
The speed of the crossfade transition can vary between a few frames (for relatively fast-
paced content) to several seconds.
• When would you use a
shot, reverse shot?
• What is its effect on the
SHOT, REVERSE SHOT
• A jump cut is a transition between two shots
which appears to "jump" forward in time. A
section of the clip has been removed.
Watch the clip. How many jump cuts are there?
Watch again. Notice how the clip
appears to jump forward in time as
though a piece of the clip is missing.
Graphic Match and Cut
• A graphic match, is a cut in film editing
between either two different objects,
two different spaces, or two different
compositions in which an object in the
two shots graphically match, often
helping to establish a strong continuity
of action and linking the two shots
List one reason why you would
use a jump cut, graphic match
and cut away. ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’
• A technique which cuts between two
separate events that are occurring at the
same time within the context of the film.
Although the two scenes within the John
Lewis advert are in different time periods
(as suggested by the costume, set and
props), the parallel editing suggests that
the characters actions are simultaneous.
What does this connote about:
• The characters relationship
• The company (John Lewis)
Match on action
• A match on action
is a cut that
different views of
the same action at
the same moment .
• Usually captured
using multi camera
Why do you think film makers use
match on action transitions in
Can you think of any other famous
scenes that use match on action?
Watch the clip.
Why use a montage?
• a pass student will be able to accurately describe the
• A merit student will be able to discuss relevant
examples of a montage.
• A distinction student would be able to explain why
they are used and analyse their affect.
• A wipe is a very dated form of transition that
is not often adopted in modern film making.
• The shot is ‘wiped’ from the screen to reveal
the next shot in a variety of creative ways.
What editing transitions can you identify in
these famous scenes?