Fire extinguishers-testing


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Fire extinguishers-testing

  1. 1. Fire Extinguishers
  2. 2. About this lesson  Lesson synopsis:   This lesson provides you with the knowledge to identify the types of Fire Extinguishers and shows you the steps to put out fires effectively with your Fire Extinguishers Lesson duration:  This lesson will take approximately 20 minutes
  3. 3. Lesson Objectives  At the end of this lesson, you will be able to:    Explain the cause of fires Identify the types of Fire Extinguishers State the steps used in putting out fires with a Fire Extinguisher
  4. 4. Lesson Structure This lesson is presented in the following order: A. Lesson Introduction B. Cause of fires C. Type of Fire Extinguishers D. Methods for putting out fires
  5. 5. Introduction to Fire Extinguishers
  6. 6. Introduction to Fire Extinguishers  A Fire Extinguisher is an absolute necessity in any home or office. In a fire related accident, It will end up saving your property or even lives. Mum, 2 kids, killed in JB fire THEY CALL FOR HELP FOR 1 HOUR, THEN...EVEN as Mr Mohamad Ahmad broke into the bedroom where his wife and children were trapped by a raging fire, the roof caved in. And the cries for help stopped. Nov 2006 HDB unit at Pasir Ris Drive 3 in flames 6th Ave Car Crash, Vehicle burst into flames.
  7. 7. Introduction to Fire Extinguishers A Fire Extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires. Typically a Fire Extinguisher consists of a handheld cylindrical pressure vessel containing an agent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire. Note: Small fires are measured approximately 3 feet by 3 feet. Examples of small fires include a table, public dustbins etc
  8. 8. PROPERTIES Allow user to leave interaction: Show ‘Next Slide’ Button: Completion Button Label: Anytime Show always Next Slide
  9. 9. Introduction to Fire Extinguishers  In your work area, you must be aware of the location of Fire Extinguishers. This information will be very useful in times of a fire related emergency Also,  Fire Extinguishers should be placed in a place where it is:  Easy to locate e.g. exit doors, potential fire prone areas e.g. cooking areas  Not obstructed
  10. 10. Causes of Fire
  11. 11. Cause of Fires Fire is the result of a chemical combustion reaction Oxygen Heat Fuel The combination of these 3 factors is often termed as the Fire Triangle
  12. 12. Cause of Fires Breaking the Fire Triangle formula! – When you eliminate one of the Three components that causes the fire, the fire will be extinguished. Oxygen Heat Fuel Fire Extinguishers are designed to remove at least one of these elements so that a fire will die out.
  13. 13. Type of Fire Extinguishers
  14. 14. Type of Extinguishers Class A extinguishers can put out fires from “ordinary combustibles” such as wood, plastic or paper Class B can put out burning liquids such as petrol or oil Class C can out out electrical fires Class D extinguishes, designed to put out burning metal
  15. 15. Method for putting out fire
  16. 16. Method for putting out fires With the appropriate extinguisher and using the P.A.S.S. steps, you can effectively put out fires. Let’s find out how to perform P.A.S.S. in the next slide!
  17. 17. Method for putting out fires PULL the pin: This unlocks the operating lever and allows you to discharge the extinguisher. Safety Pin AIM low: Point the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire. Aim at the base of the fire
  18. 18. Method for putting out fires Squeeze the lever above the handle: This discharges the extinguishing agent. Lever SWEEP from side to side: Moving carefully toward the fire, keep the extinguisher aimed at the base of the fire and sweep back and forth until the flames appear to be out. If the fire re-ignites, repeat the process. Sweep the based of the fire
  19. 19. You have pass! Congratulations!
  20. 20. You have failed! Please try again!
  21. 21. Summary Let’s recap what you have just learned in this lesson. • Introduction to Fire Extinguishers Importance of Fire Extinguishers Guidelines to place your Fire Extinguishers • Causes of Fires Fire Triangle Breaking the Fire Triangle • Type of Extinguishers Class A, B, C and D • Method for putting out fires P.A.S.S.