Summary________________________ Energy Sector Review Regional Integration Armenia and Central Asia Energy Production in Armenia Renewable Energy in Armenia Nuclear power energy Wind Energy in Armenia Solar Energy in Armenia Hydro Energy in Armenia
ARMENIA Parliamentary Republic• Population - approx. 3.2 million• Capital - Yerevan (1.25 million)• Total area is 29740 sq. km• Religion - Christianity• Borders with Turkey, Iran,Republics of Georgia & Azerbaijan Without sea coastline• Average height - 1800 m• Uppermost - 4090 m. (Aragats)• Lowest -360 m. (Ararat Valley)• Lake Sevan, a vast mountainlake, extends on almost 5% ofArmenias surface area & is about2,000 meters above sea level.
ENERGY SECTOR REVIEW_____________________________________Energy Sector Development Strategy was adopted by RAGovernment in 2007.• Energy sector is one of the most developed sectors of economy inArmenia with qualified specialists,• The Armenian energy sector was and is developing as a regionalcenter of energy,• Armenia has a significant practices in design, construction, operationand maintenance of nuclear, thermal and hydro stations, and of parallelwork with integrated energy system.Four Pillars of Armenian National energy strategy• Utilization of renewable energy sources and improving energyefficiency;• Development of nuclear energy;• Diversification of primary energy resources and import/export routs;• Regional integration and cooperation
REGIONAL INTEGRATIONPrimary activities in the area of regional cooperation anddiversification of energy resource supplies include: Iran-Armenia gas pipeline, provides an alternative gas import route; Expansion and modernization of underground gas storage; Iranian-Armenian HPP- Meghri Hydro-Electric Power Plant(HPP) using the potential of the Araks River on the Iran-Armeniaborder; Implementation of parallel operation with multinational energysystems (such as CIS or Black Sea Economic Cooperation.); Development of regional markets for electric energy and capacity.Participation in Regional Energy Programs European Energy Charter Black Sea Economic Cooperation Energy Council of CIS Regional Projects: WB, Tacis, USAID, INOGATE, EBRD, UNDP, OPET.
ARMENIA & CENTRAL ASIA Armenia along with Tajikistan from Central Asia, are among thefirst 50 developing countries to sign up to the new UN GlobalSustainable Energy For All initiative, committing them to worktowards the initiative’s goals for 2030. Armenia is the country most integrated in the Moscow-ledregional organizations that unite the Central Asian countries,however with limited bilateral energy, trade, political relationswith Central Asia countries. Armenia’s isolation and closed borders with two out of its fourneighboring countries has implications for its integration andcooperation with Central Asian countries. Countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia can be divided intoenergy-rich countries, transit countries and countries with noinvolvement in either energy or transit (Armenia is classified inthe third group).
Energy Production in Armenia Nuclear power 30-40% Hydroelectric plants 20-35% Thermal power plants 30-35% Wind, Solar Power 0.1-0.2%
Nuclear Power Energy in Armenia Armenia has relied heavily on nuclear power since1976. It has one reactor in operation and the governmenthas approved a joint venture to build another by 2018. Armenia depends primarily on three types of powergeneration—thermal, hydro, and nuclear. Nuclearpower is primarily used to cover baseloadconsumption.Nuclear power energy strategy Continuous enhancement of the safety level of theArmenia’s existing NPP Development of new nuclear unit(s) based on moderntechnology
Nuclear Power Plant and Nuclear Fuel• Installed capacity equals 815 MW• Average output amounts to 2.0billion kW.h of electric power peryear• Generates more than 40% of theelectric power produced inArmenia• The main consumer is Armenianpower market• In 1989 the Armenian NPP wasshut down due to pressure fromenvironmental groups and safetyconcerns following the 1988earthquake• In 1995 NPP was reopened inorder to resolve its energyshortages.• As of today, one of the two blocksof the plant is under operation.
Renewable Energy in Armenia____________________________________Why renewable energy is of greatimportance for Armenia?Absence of own fossil resourcesGeopolitical situationSolar and wind resourcesScientific potentialEnvironmental degradation
Wind Energy in Armenia economically viable capacity for wind energy iscomparable with nuclear wind energy development in Armenia is in itsinfancy generated wind energy in Armenia in 2006formed only 0.1% from total produced energy wind resources in Armenia allow to generate asmuch as 10% of electricity in this way several prospective sites where wind farms couldbe erected are already definedFirst Wind Power Plant in Armenia andTranscaucasia: “Lori - 1” : 2.6 MW / 5 mln.kW/h
Solar Energy in Armenia____________________________________Armenia has sufficient solar energy resources Solar energy generation capacity in Armenia iscurrently around 650 MW, but estimates for futurecapacity are as high as 3,500 MW. In Yerevan one square meter of land receives about1,700 kWh of sun power annually, which is 70% morethat in Europe.
Hydro Energy in Armenia____________________________________The only main indigenous energy resource inArmeniaInstalled capacity - around 1000 megawattHydro power generates 20%-35% ofArmenia’s energy needs.Mainly provided by the Sevan-Hrazdan andVorotan cascadesLake Sevan is the greatest lake ofTranscaucasus Region and one of the greatestfreshwater high-mountain lakes of Eurasia.
Web links for additional informationPublic Services Regulatory Commission of theRepublic of Armeniawww.psrc.amThe Ministry of Energy and Natural Resourceswww.minenergy.amClimate Change Information Centerwww.nature-ic.amArmenia Renewable Resources and EnergyEfficiency Fundwww.r2e2.amwww.renewableenergyarmenia.am