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Analysis of urine and other body fluids

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Analysis of urine and other body fluids

  1. 1. Analysis of Urine and other Body Fluids Physical, Chemical and Microscopic Examination of Urine
  2. 2. Urinalysis • It is the physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine • It involves examining the appearance, concentration and content of urine • It is used to detect and assess a wide range of disorders
  3. 3. Methods of collecting urine • Urine 24 -hour urine collection • Clean catch urine specimen
  4. 4. PHYSICAL AND COLOR APPEARANCE Examination of Urine
  5. 5. What color is diluted urine? • Pale yellow or colorless - indicates diluted urine where lots of water is being excreted • Dark yellow - indicates concentrated urine and excretion of waste products in a smaller quantity of water
  6. 6. Clarity of the urine • Substances that cause cloudiness includes mucus, sperm and prostatic fluid, cells from the skin, normal urine crystals, and contaminants such as body lotions and powders. • Substances that can make urine cloudy, like red blood cells, white blood cells, or bacteria, indicate a condition that requires attention.
  7. 7. CHEMICAL APPEARANCE Examination of Urine
  8. 8. What is not normally found in urine? • Metabolic waste products such as: Carbon dioxide Urea Uric acid Creatinine Sodium Chloride Ammonia
  9. 9. Urine Chemistry • Red blood cell urine test • Glucose urine test • Protein urine test • Urine pH urine test • Ketones urine test • Bilirubin urine test • Urine specific gravity test
  10. 10. MICROSCOPIC APPEARANCE Examination of Urine
  11. 11. What can be detected in a urine test? • Early signs of diabetes and kidney disease • Blood in the urine • Urinary Tract Infection
  12. 12. What disease can be diagnosed from a urine sample? • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) • Proteinuria • Hematuria
  13. 13. The urine sample is examined under a microscope to: • Check if there are any cells, urine crystals, urinary casts, mucus, and other substances. • Identify any bacteria or other germs.

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