Panel haddad tuesday

453 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
453
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Panel haddad tuesday

  1. 1. From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven: How to Realise the Elusive Potential of Agriculture for Nutrition? Lawrence Haddad Institute of Development Studies Biofortification: The First Annual Conference November 9-11, 2010
  2. 2. Overarching Question What is Agriculture For?
  3. 3. Three sub-questions • What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • How often are the pathways created and travelled? • What needs to be done to increase the chances of the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition?
  4. 4. Three sub-questions • What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? (Many) • How often are the pathways created and travelled? (Much room for improvement) • What needs to be done to increase the chances of the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition? (Some ideas)
  5. 5. 1. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value
  6. 6. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value x • Pro-poor governance – Institutions – Incentives • Approaches that empower women – Agency to work the rules of the game – Agency to define rules of game • Nutrition Lens
  7. 7. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value x • Pro-poor governance – Institutions – Incentives • Approaches that empower women – Agency to work the rules of the game – Agency to define rules of game • Nutrition Lens Improved Nutrition • Energy • Diverse Diet • Micronutrient status • Body Mass Index • Linear growth =
  8. 8. What are the potential pathways between agriculture and nutrition? • Increased supply of nutrients from farming – Own consumption – Purchased • Income effects – Farm productivity  farm and nonfarm rural income – Lower food prices effective increase in income • Post-harvest added value x • Pro-poor governance – Institutions – Incentives • Approaches that empower women – Agency to work the rules of the game – Agency to define rules of game • Nutrition Lens Improved Nutrition • Energy • Diverse Diet • Micronutrient status • Body Mass Index • Linear growth = Enabling environment for nutrition
  9. 9. 2. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude • Agricultural growth-poverty impacts – Cross-country regression results (+) (Ligon, Christiansen, Loayza) – Country studies (mixed) (Datt, Ferreira) • Agricultural growth-nutrition impacts – Cross country regression results more positive than negative, but still mixed (Heady)
  10. 10. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity • SPIA – 83 income or nutrition impact evaluations between 1995 and 2008 (out of 761) • J-PAL in mid 2009 – 35 education – 25 health – 5 agriculture • 3ie – 2 of 18 in round 1 on agriculture • ALINe – 6 of 50 large proposals to a key Foundation contained impact evaluation designs
  11. 11. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Impact studies not systematically organised • Protocols for inclusion – Clearly defined agricultural intervention – Clearly defined nutrition outcome – Quality of impact design – Quality of data collection – Quality of study implementation – Balance of interpretation • Regression meta analysis of studies – Features of interventions which have the biggest nutrition impacts in studies?
  12. 12. How often are the pathways created and travelled? No studies yet of the nutrition impacts of bio- fortification
  13. 13. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude
  14. 14. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude
  15. 15. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude Impact studies not systematically organised
  16. 16. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude Impact studies not systematically organised No studies yet of the nutrition impacts of bio- fortification
  17. 17. How often are the pathways created and travelled? Few ag- nutrition impact studies to give granularity Macro agricultural growth and poverty: fairly convincing but crude Impact studies not systematically organised No studies yet of the nutrition impacts of bio- fortification • Difficult to say • My guess is that there is plenty of room for improvement
  18. 18. 3. What needs to be done to increase the chances of the pathways linking agriculture and nutrition? Create an Enabling Environment
  19. 19. Mapping Nutrition in Real Time Unicef Malawi and Columbia University
  20. 20. Capitalise on the increasing need to demonstrate impact
  21. 21. Growth diagnostics: from economics to nutrition Source: Doing Growth Diagnostics in Practice: A ‘Mindbook’ Ricardo Hausmann, Bailey Klinger, Rodrigo Wagner CID Working Paper No. 177 September 2008. Harvard University.
  22. 22. Nutrition Commitment Indices Indicators: Hunger, Legal Framework, Spending on Agriculture, Social Protection
  23. 23. Build the next generation of agriculture- nutrition champions MacArthur Foundation’s Masters in Development Practice
  24. 24. Conclusion www.alineplanning.org improved nutrition Governance and Gender Enabling Environment for nutrition High productivity agriculture
  25. 25. From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven Agriculture cannot be the prime shaper of nutrition, but…
  26. 26. Agriculture cannot be the prime shaper of nutrition, but… ..nutrition should be the prime shaper of (public ) agriculture... From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven
  27. 27. Agriculture cannot be the prime shaper of nutrition, but… ..nutrition should be the prime shaper of (public ) agriculture... ..what else is agriculture for? From Harvest Plus to Harvest Driven
  28. 28. Thank You

×