Psych 30 module one


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Psych 30 module one

  1. 1. Atty. Harve B. Abella, Esq. Psych 30 MWF 6:30 – 7:30PM Psych 30 TTh 7:00 – 8:30PM
  3. 3. Overview of the Labor Code <ul><li>Book 1 – On Pre-Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Book 2 – On Human Resources Development </li></ul><ul><li>Book 3 – On Conditions of Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Book 4 – On Health, Safety and Social Welfare Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Book 5 – On Labor Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Book 6 – On Post Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Book 7 – On Transitory & Final Provisions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>LABOR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exertion by human beings of physical or mental efforts, or both, towards the production of goods and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector or group in society which derives its livelihood chiefly from the rendition of work or services in exchange for compensation under managerial direction </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of studying the LCP <ul><li>Human Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a conceptual, organization-wide effort to increase an organization's effectiveness and viability. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Business owners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignorantia juris non excusat or ignorantia legis neminem excusat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ignorance of the law excuses no one from compliance therewith </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Awareness of employees’ rights under Philippine Laws </li></ul>
  6. 6. ART. 1, Name of Decree <ul><li>This Decree shall be known as the “LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES.” </li></ul><ul><li>Codifies in ONE volume some 60 pieces of law which were in force when codification began in 1968 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eight-hour labor law, Minimum wage law, termination pay law, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing the Labor Code is knowing the MAJOR COMPONENT of our labor laws </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Distinctions <ul><li>LABOR LAW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is that branch of law which governs employment, wage, laborer, labor union, and labor-management relations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL LEGISLATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is an act of the legislature and other promulgation of competent legal authorities designed to promote the general welfare of the society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LABOR LEGISLATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sets out the minimum terms, conditions & benefits of employment that employers must comply & which employees are entitled as a matter of right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defines the status, rights and duties, as well as institutional mechanisms, that govern the individual & collective interactions between EE & ER & their representatives. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. LABOR LEGISLATION SOCIAL LEGISLATION 1. Directly affects employment 1. Governs the effects of employment 2. Designed to meet the daily needs of the workers 2. Involves a long range of benefits 3. Covers employment for profit or gain 3. Covers employment, profit & non-profit 4. Affects work of the employee 4. Affects the life of the employee
  9. 9. How to understand the LCP Interlocking Mechanisms of Philippine Labor Laws / Social Legislation
  10. 10. Constitutional Provisions <ul><li>Sec. 9, ART. II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Constitutional Provisions <ul><li>Sec. 10, ART. II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sec. 18, ART. II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Sec. 8, ART III </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sec. 18, par. 2, ART III </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) No involuntary servitude in any form shall exist except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. </li></ul></ul>Constitutional Provisions
  13. 13. <ul><li>Sec. 12 ART. XII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The State shall promote the preferential use of Filipino labor, domestic materials and locally produced goods, and adopt measures that help make them competitive. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sec. 14, ART. XII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The sustained development of a reservoir of national talents consisting of Filipino scientists, entrepreneurs, professionals, managers, high-level technical manpower and skilled workers and craftsmen in all fields shall be promoted by the State. The State shall encourage appropriate technology and regulate its transfer for the national benefit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The practice of all professions in the Philippines shall be limited to Filipino citizens, save in cases prescribed by law. </li></ul></ul>Constitutional Provisions
  14. 14. <ul><li>Sec. 3, ART XIII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The State shall afford full protection to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized, and  promote full employment and equality of employment opportunities for all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law. They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage. They shall also participate in policy and decision-making processes affecting their rights and benefits as may be provided by law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The State shall regulate the relations between workers and employers, recognizing the right of labor to its just share in the fruits of production and the right of enterprises to reasonable returns to investments, and to expansion and growth. </li></ul></ul>Constitutional Provisions
  15. 15. Art. 3, LCP <ul><li>The State shall A fford protection to labor , P romote full employment , E nsure equal work opportunities regardless of sex, race or creed , and R egulate the relations between workers and employers . The state shall A ssure the rights of workers to self-organization, collective bargaining, security of tenure, and just and humane conditions of work. ( PEARA[jssc]) </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the foregoing basic policy under the Labor Code, what can be deduced? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Provisions of the New Civil Code of the Philippines <ul><li>Art. 1700 – The relations between capital and labor are not merely contractual. They are so impressed with public interest that labor contracts must yield to the common good. Therefore, such contracts are subject to the special laws on labor unions, collective bargaining, strikes and lockouts, closed shop, wages, working conditions, hours of labor and similar subjects </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Art. 1701 – Neither capital nor labor shall act oppressively against the other, or impair the interest or convenience of the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Art. 1703 – No contract which practically amounts to involuntary servitude under any guise whatsoever shall be valid. </li></ul>Provisions of the New Civil Code of the Philippines
  18. 18. Art. 4, LCP <ul><li>CONSTRUCTION IN FAVOR OF LABOR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All doubts in the implementation and interpretation of the provisions of this Code, including its implementing rules and regulations, shall be resolved in favor of labor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GEN. RULE: Liberal construction in favor of labor and strictly against the employer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXCEPTION: Construed in favor of labor if there is a doubt as to the meaning of the legal and contractual provisions. If the provision is clear and unambiguous, it must be applied in accordance with its express terms. (MERALCO vs NLRC, GR No. 78763, July 12, 1989) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Reasons for Affording Greater Protection to Employees <ul><li>Greater supply than demand for labor </li></ul><ul><li>The need for employment by labor comes from vital, even desperate necessity </li></ul>
  20. 20. Management Rights <ul><li>Except as limited by special laws, an employer is FREE TO REGULATE, according to his own discretion and judgment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All aspects of employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hiring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work assignments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Working methods, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time & place </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manner of work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tools to be used </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Processes to be followed, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline, dismissal and recall of workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(San Miguel Brewery Sales vs Ople, Feb. 8, 1989) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. ER has the right to: <ul><li>Conduct business </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribe Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Select and hire employees </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer or discharge employees </li></ul><ul><li>Return of investment and expansion of business </li></ul>
  22. 22. ART. 6, LCP on Applicability <ul><li>General Rule: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies to all workers, whether agricultural or non-agricultural, including employees in a GOCC incorporated under the Corporation Code who are not considered as government workers/employees. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Exceptions to Art. 6 <ul><li>Government Employees </li></ul><ul><li>EEs of GOCC’s created by special(original) charters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juco vs NLRC, August 18, 1987 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreign governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JUSMAG-Philippines vs NLRC, December 15, 1994) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Agencies/ees of intergovernmental or international organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEAFDEC-AQD vs NLRC, Feb. 14, 1992) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corporate officers / Intra-Corporate disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Local Water district </li></ul>
  24. 24. ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Prepare a reflection paper on the ills of the industrial revolution and the kind of protection the constitution seeks to attain. Connect with what we have discussed today. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Pages, 1.5 spacing, Arial font size 11. Short bond paper. </li></ul><ul><li>DUE on NOV. 18, 2011. </li></ul>
  25. 25. End of Module 1