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General psych gestalt


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General psych gestalt

  2. 2. UNTITLED Cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mind: aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanig huh? yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!
  3. 4. <ul><ul><ul><li>THE GESTALT THEORY OF VISUAL PERCEPTION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ The whole is different from the sum of its parts.” </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: From the German word meaning form or shape. Developed by German psychologist Max Wertheimer in 1910. After some experimentation with a stroboscope (more commonly known as a flip book) he concluded that the eye merely takes in all the visual stimuli and that the brain arranges the sensations into a coherent image. </li></ul><ul><li>Gestalt psychologists further refined Wertheimer’s work to conclude that visual perception was a result of organizing sensual elements or forms into various groups. Discrete elements within a scene are combined and understood by the brain through a series of four laws of grouping </li></ul>
  4. 5. Gestalt: Law of Proximity
  5. 6. Elements grouped close together will be perceived as belonging to the same group. The brain more readily associates objects that are close to each other than those that are farther apart. Two friends standing next to each other will be viewed as more closely related than someone else twenty yards away.
  6. 7. The closer in proximity objects are to each other, the more likely that they will be perceived as a group.
  7. 9. Law of Common Fate
  8. 10. The law of common fate states that when objects move in the same direction, we tend to see them as a unit.
  9. 11. Law of Similarity
  10. 12. Elements that share qualities will be perceived as part of the same form.
  11. 13. SIMILARITY
  12. 14. Law of Continuation (Closure)
  13. 15. The brain does not prefer sudden or unusual changes in the movement of a line. The line can be a continuous line in the traditional sense, or can be a series of objects placed together to form a line. Objects not in that line will be mentally separated.
  14. 17. Figure/Ground
  15. 18. In 1915, Danish Gestalt psychologist Edgar Rubin experimented with reversible figure-ground patterns (known in painting and photography as positive and negative space). He designed this image to show that the object could be interpreted as either two faces or a vase. However, the brain cannot see both images at once—you must make a conscious decision whether to see a face or a vase in the drawing.
  16. 20. We tend to perceive some visual elements as the figure with a definite shape and border while other elements appear as the ground, further away and behind the main focus of the image.
  17. 21. We tend to perceive some visual elements as the figure with a definite shape and border while other elements appear as the ground, further away and behind the main focus of the image.
  18. 22. This question is directly related to the important need of the brain to label objects as near or far in order to judge their relative importance (or danger). Rubin also outlined the principle of camouflage in which there is little or no separation between the foreground and background.
  19. 23. Surroundedness also is also related to figure-ground.
  20. 30. Illusion
  21. 33. SEAL OR HORSE?