Basic Consti Law for Undergrads: Powers of congress

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Basic Consti Law for Undergrads: Powers of congress

  1. 1. POWERS OF CONGRESS
  2. 2. POWERS OF CONGRESS Legislative Powers •Specific powers of appropriation •Taxation •Expropriation Non-legislative Powers •Power to canvass the presidential elections •Declare the existence of a state of war •To give concurrence to treaties & amnesties •To propose Constitutional Amendments •To impeachExpressly conferred by the Constitution.Derivative powers: implied powers = contempt in legislative investigationInherent powers = determination of its rules of proceedings & discipline ofmembers.
  3. 3. POWERS OF CONGRESSLegislative Power in GeneralThe power to make laws include the power to alter & repeal them.How Does a Bill become a Law? •A bill is introduced by any member of the House / Senate •1st reading: involves a reading of the number & title of the measure and its referral by the Senate President/Speaker to the proper committee for studyA BILL MAY BE KILLED IN THE COMMITTEE or recommended for approval •With or without amendments •Public hearings may be held •Similar bills present = consolidation into one bill under common authorship or as a committee bill
  4. 4. POWERS OF CONGRESSOnce reported out, the bill shall be calendared for 2nd reading. •Bill is read in its entirety, scrutinized, debated, amended when desired.MOST IMPORTANT STATE in the passage of a bill. •The Bill as approved in the 2nd reading is printed in its final form, copies distributed at least 3 days before 3rd reading3rd Reading •Members merely register their votes and explain them (if allowed by internal rules). No debates are allowed.Transmittal to the other chamber = to undergo 3 readings. •If there are differences between the version approved by the 2 chambers, BICAMERAL CONFERENCE COMMITTEE will draft a compromise measure which is germane to the subject of said bills. •IF ratified by the Senate & the House of Representatives, submitted to the President for his consideration.
  5. 5. POWERS OF CONGRESSAPPROVAL OF BILLS Sec. 27, ART VI1. When the President signs it2. Presidential veto, but presidential veto is overridden by 2/3 vote of all the members of each House 1. Unconstitutionality 2. Inefficacious 3. Unwise 1. With veto message to the House of origin.3. President does not act upon the measure within 30 days after it shall have been presented to him (LAPSED INTO LAW)Is PARTIAL VETO ALLOWED? Generally NO. Exception: appropriation, revenue & tariff bills.
  6. 6. POWERS OF CONGRESSAPPROVAL OF BILLS Sec. 27, ART VI1. When the President signs it2. Presidential veto, but presidential veto is overridden by 2/3 vote of all the members of each House 1. Unconstitutionality 2. Inefficacious 3. Unwise 1. With veto message to the House of origin.3. President does not act upon the measure within 30 days after it shall have been presented to him (LAPSED INTO LAW)Is PARTIAL VETO ALLOWED? Generally NO. Exception: appropriation, revenue & tariff bills.

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