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  1. 1. Anglo-Saxon Literature 449BC-1066AD
  2. 2. Culture Angles and Saxons populated the south and east of Britain around 400bc as the Roman Empire fell apart The culture diminished into tribal reign of small, warring clans as the Romans died or departed Dawn of the Dark Ages
  3. 3. Post-Roman Culture
  4. 4. Culture: Medieval Clansmen would lay allegiance to their Lord or King (a.k.a. ring-giver) Lord or King was the ultimate provider, and demanded their lives in return The ultimate exile was to outlive one’s clan or king. Disaster!!!!!
  5. 5. LanguageOld English (OE) was derived from anoral tradition with many dialectsbeginning of ‘law of recessive accents’where we began to put stress on thefirst syllable of most wordsended with the Norse Invasion in 1066
  6. 6. Extinction of OE The Norman Conquest in 1066 brought invaders from the North Middle English was created through the “Great Vowel Shift”
  7. 7. Classifications Elegaic: solemn expression of a central idea (Seafarer) Heroic: celebrates the achievements of a central figure (Beowulf) Riddles: short puzzles (Exeter)
  8. 8. Literary Terms Appositives: nouns renaming nouns Litotes: an expression where an affirmative is expressed through the negation of its opposite (not easily did I come through it with my life)
  9. 9. Literary Terms alliteration: repetition of the first sound in a word caesura: a pause so that the scop can catch a drink or a breath kenning: a two word metaphor (swan’s road or whale’s way)
  10. 10. Literary Terms Epic: a poem that celebrates the heroic deeds of an individual Oral Tradition: means of publication for illiterate medieval masses. Scop: Individual who recounts oral history or entertainment
  11. 11. The Epic HeroNoble birthrequires divine assistancegreat warrioruses distinctive weaponsengages in a perilous journeyfights injustice
  12. 12. Medieval ConceptsUbi Sunt: Where have my good times/people/loved ones gone?Comitatus: a promise made to one’s lordto defend them to deathWyrd: the concept of fate
  13. 13. Sources